SAILINGRAMON PAGÀ, MARC SANSALONI, ALEIX VENTURA , JÚLIA ALEGRE I ALBERT MONTESÓ.
Here are the SIX BASIC KNOTSthat every sailor should know how to tie: ● Overhand or thumb knot, is the simplest knot. It is used to stop the end of a rope from running ● Overhand or through a block or up the mast. thumb knot: ● The square knot is the best ● Square knot: known sailors knot. It is really just two overhand knots. It is useful for joining small ropes together, tying sail covers, reefing, lashing, and for tying in battens.
Other knots:● Figure eight: ● A figure eight knot is very quick and easy to tie. It is used like the overhand knot, as a stopper knot in the end of a line, or sheet, to prevent ropes from escaping.To tie a figure-8, start with an underhand loop by crossing the running end behind the standing part.
● Form a small loop leaving● Bowline: enough rope for the desired loop size. ● Form a loop in the working end of the rope. Place it over Clove hitch: the post.
Types of Sailboats:The Modern Sloop: The most common type of small to midsizesailboat is the sloop. The rig is one mast and two sails. The main sailis tall and triangular.
Racing Sloop:Here’s another exampleof a sloop with aBermuda rig. This is thesailboat Puma in the2009. The sails aremuch bigger than foundon sailboats, but thegeneral rig is the same.
Fractional Sloop Rig:Here’s a small boat.This is still a Bermudarig, but the main sail isproportionally larger andthe rig smaller, for easeof handling andmaximum power.
Cat Rig:This Sailboat has gotonly one sail, while asloop always has twosails. Note that the mastis positioned very farforward, almost at thebow, making room for avery long-footedmainsail.
Cat-Rigged Racing Dinghy:Here’s another cat rig,which works well onsmall racing dinghieslike this Laser. With asmall boat and onesailor, a cat rig has theadvantages of beingsimple to trim and verymaneuverable whenracing.
Yawl:A yawl is very similar toa ketch. Themizzenmast is usuallysmaller and set fartheraft, behind the rudderpost, while in a ketchthe mizzenmast isforward of the rudderpost.
Schooner:A typical schooner alsohas two masts, but themasts are positionedmore forward in theboat. Unlike in a ketchor yawl, the forwardmast is smaller than theaft mast.
Parts of Boat• MAST(màstil): Is the basic • PORT (babor): It’s the leftpost that holds the big sail. part of the boat.• FLOC (floc): It’s the • BOW (proa): It’s the frontsmallest sail and is situated of the boat.in front of boat. • AFT (popa): It’s the• STARBOARD (estribor): behind part of the boat.It’s right part of the boat. • FIN (aleta): It’s the corner• TIMO (timó):It’s the which is behind of casc.essential part that controls • SCOTUS (escota):the direction of the boat. Controls the opening of the big sail and floc.
PARTS OF THE SAIL• MAJOR (major): It’s • DRISS (puny dethe biggest sail and is drisa): It’s the point thatsituated behind the floc. finishes the big sail.● ESPINNAKER(espinn • BALUMA (baluma): It’s aker): It’s a very the exterior part of the potent sail which is sail where the wind used in the biggest exits. boats. • GRÀTIL (gràtil): It’s the interior part of the sail where the wind enters.