Sailing

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Sailing

  1. 1. SAILINGRAMON PAGÀ, MARC SANSALONI, ALEIX VENTURA , JÚLIA ALEGRE I ALBERT MONTESÓ.
  2. 2. Here are the SIX BASIC KNOTSthat every sailor should know how to tie: ● Overhand or thumb knot, is the simplest knot. It is used to stop the end of a rope from running ● Overhand or through a block or up the mast. thumb knot: ● The square knot is the best ● Square knot: known sailors knot. It is really just two overhand knots. It is useful for joining small ropes together, tying sail covers, reefing, lashing, and for tying in battens.
  3. 3. Other knots:● Figure eight: ● A figure eight knot is very quick and easy to tie. It is used like the overhand knot, as a stopper knot in the end of a line, or sheet, to prevent ropes from escaping.To tie a figure-8, start with an underhand loop by crossing the running end behind the standing part.
  4. 4. ● Form a small loop leaving● Bowline: enough rope for the desired loop size. ● Form a loop in the working end of the rope. Place it over Clove hitch: the post.
  5. 5. Types of Sailboats:The Modern Sloop: The most common type of small to midsizesailboat is the sloop. The rig is one mast and two sails. The main sailis tall and triangular.
  6. 6. Racing Sloop:Here’s another exampleof a sloop with aBermuda rig. This is thesailboat Puma in the2009. The sails aremuch bigger than foundon sailboats, but thegeneral rig is the same.
  7. 7. Fractional Sloop Rig:Here’s a small boat.This is still a Bermudarig, but the main sail isproportionally larger andthe rig smaller, for easeof handling andmaximum power.
  8. 8. Cat Rig:This Sailboat has gotonly one sail, while asloop always has twosails. Note that the mastis positioned very farforward, almost at thebow, making room for avery long-footedmainsail.
  9. 9. Cat-Rigged Racing Dinghy:Here’s another cat rig,which works well onsmall racing dinghieslike this Laser. With asmall boat and onesailor, a cat rig has theadvantages of beingsimple to trim and verymaneuverable whenracing.
  10. 10. Yawl:A yawl is very similar toa ketch. Themizzenmast is usuallysmaller and set fartheraft, behind the rudderpost, while in a ketchthe mizzenmast isforward of the rudderpost.
  11. 11. Schooner:A typical schooner alsohas two masts, but themasts are positionedmore forward in theboat. Unlike in a ketchor yawl, the forwardmast is smaller than theaft mast.
  12. 12. Parts of Boat• MAST(màstil): Is the basic • PORT (babor): It’s all ofpost that holds the big sail. the left of boat.• FLOC (floc): It’s the most • BOW (proa): It’s all of thesmallest sail and is situated front of boat.in front of boat. • AFT (popa): It’s all of the• STARBOARD (estribor): behind of boat.It’s all of the right of boat. • FIN (aleta): It’s the corner• TIMO (timó):It’s the where is behind of casc.essential part that controls • SCOTUS (escota):the direction of the boat. Controls the opening to the big sail and floc.
  13. 13. PARTS OF THE SAIL• MAJOR (major): It’s • DRISS (puny dethe most biggest sail drisa): It’s the point thatand is situated behind finish the big sail.floc. • BALUMA (baluma): It’s● ESPINNAKER(espinn the exterior part for sail aker): It’s a sail very where exit the wind. potent where use the • GRÀTIL (gràtil): It’s the most biggest boats. interior part for sail where enters the wind.

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