History of verden by dora asch


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Historical Portfolio - Germany

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History of verden by dora asch

  1. 1. History of Verden (Aller) by Dora Asch
  2. 2. Index· A few facts about Verden· Historical timetable· Massacre of Verden· The cathedral
  3. 3. · A town in Lower Saxony, north Germany· Located at the river Aller· Population: 26.729 habitants· Verden is famous for the massacre of Saxons in 782, for its cathedral, and for its horse breeding· Its called Verden (Aller) because the French townVerdun is also called Verden in German
  4. 4. Historical timetable· 8000 – 4000 before Christ: Supposedly, people already livedin Verden in the Middle Stone Age· 450: In the Migration Period, the Saxons colonized Verden· 782: The massacre of Verden, where 4500 Saxons were killed· about 800: The Bishopric of Verden was founded and was calledFerdi in Saxonia· 1034: The first time the name “Verden“ appeared in papers· 1210: The bishop Yso built a town wall as protection of the northpart of Verden· 1220: first bridge across the Aller was built· 1350: Another wall was built for the south part of Verden and thecity was split in two parts
  5. 5. · 1402: The buccaneer Klaus Störtebeker was executed in Hamburgand he donated seven windows for the cathedral in Verden becauseof the seven deadly sins· 1667: the town wall between the north and south part of Verden wasdestroyed· 1891: first horse race ever in Verden· 1973: dedication of the “Niedersachsenhalle“· 1997: first European championship of the dressage rider in Verden· 2002-present: annual world championship for dressage rider
  6. 6. The Massacre of Verden· also called Bloodbath of Verden or Bloody Verdict of Verden· the leader of the Saxons, called „Widukind“, started a revolutionagainst the Franconians and Charles the Great · Charles the Great wanted revenge and in 782, during the Saxon Wars, 4500 Saxons were killed under his orders · The Saxons rebelled against Charles the Great, didnt want to bow down to Karl, the king of the Franconians, and didnt want to adopt the Christian faith · „Widukind“ excaped to Denmark before the massacre · Between 1934 and 1935, the German nationalists built a memorial known as the Sachsenhain (Saxon Grove) · 4500 stones were put along a 2 km long path
  7. 7. · the Sachsenhain was used as a training area for the Hitler Youth,and later fugitives were hidden there· since 1950, theres a hostel called „Evangelischer JugendhofSachsenhain“ (Evangelical youth hostel Sachsenhain)
  8. 8. The cathedral in Verden· „Dom St. Maria und Cäcilia“· the towns landmark and one of the main attractions in Verden· an Evangelical Lutheran Cathedral· before this building, there were another two wooden churchesthat were burned down, first in 850, second in 950 · was built in two construction phases, from 1290 until 1323, finished in 1473 until 1490, and renovated 1830 · was the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Bisphoric of Verden· part of the cathedral used to be a school in 1002, but over timemore and more people went to school and they built anotherbuilding for the school in 1872, now called the „Domgymnasium“
  9. 9. · the part of the cathedral which used to be a school is now a smallreligious shop· first gothic cathedral in Lower Saxony· the cathedral was used as an example for many other churchesin Germany· since 1973, the cathedral has its own cemetry
  10. 10. Sources http://www.wikipedia.de http://www.verden.de http://www.dom-verden.de http://www.bonnensia.dehttp://www.ehj.de/sachsenhain