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Smart Social Spaces: opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things
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Smart Social Spaces: opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things

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In our vision, the social web could become the main driver of adoption of the web of things into people's everyday lives. As social networks attracted millions of new users to the web, they …

In our vision, the social web could become the main driver of adoption of the web of things into people's everyday lives. As social networks attracted millions of new users to the web, they interconnect things by leveraging their popular communication and relationships paradigm. We are currently experimenting the Social Web of Things in the context of a Smart Office environment trial of the BUTLER project in Telecom Italia’s S-Cube Joint Open Lab to control mainly lights, curtains and plugs. We envision it as a replicable proof-of-concept for other Smart Social Spaces.

This work was presented during the W3C Workshop on the Web of Things on June 25th, 2014 in Berlin, Germany. (http://www.w3.org/2014/02/wot/)

See related paper: http://www.w3.org/2014/02/wot/papers/goix.pdf

Published in Social Media , Technology
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  • 1. GRUPPO TELECOM ITALIA W3C workshop on the Web of Things 25/26 June 2014 – Berlin, Germany Smart Social Spaces Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things Laurent-Walter Goix, Fabio Luciano Mondin, Francesco Arenella, Danny Noferi, Christian Scanu Strategy & Innovation / Innovation / Open Innovation Research Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC
  • 2. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC Smart Social Spaces @Telecom Italia Space Smart Objects People Smart Social Space Interaction Com- munication Personaliza tion & Context Applications Social links Public (local business, city square) Private (home, office) IoT Wearable Sensors Digital ID/profile 2
  • 3. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC Smart Social Spaces: our vision from IoT to (S)WoT • IoT (& M2M) is well covered by many SDOs and industry foras to address low-level protocol specifications & APIs to access sensor data and control actuators • Still, its integration with the Web (and the Web of People) is limited –User experience is optimized for (native) vertical applications and closed ecosystems –Object addressing, and access control, use heterogeneous naming conventions, management interfaces & accounts –Interconnection with entities outside of the local network is limited, e.g. to notify users remotely and receive remote requests/commands • “Social” has intrisic features that can support the WoT 3
  • 4. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC S.W.O.T. on SWoT: so what? Strengths • Popular user experience • Generic “messaging bus” independent from IoT technologies & cross-domain • Built-in identity & relationships • Digital Object Memories (“wall”) Weaknesses • Object provisioning (onboarding, identity, twinning, …) • Missing common models & vocabularies related to IoT capabilities (object types, data, events, actions) Opportunities • Emerging specifications on entreprise & consumer markets (W3C, OMA, OSF, IETF, IPSO, …) • Commercial (Home-)”Chat”- based UX with appliances Threats • A proprietary Social Network takes it all 4
  • 5. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC Social Web of Things: (some) features & issues Common issues • SN account vs object addressing • Access control & audience targeting • Information filtering (quality/quantity) • Interaction paradigms in natural language NEXT… • Object ownership / twinning • Concurrent access 5 Cloud-based notifications Local space notifications Local space queries Local space commands
  • 6. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR • Live internal setup @S-Cube Joint Open Lab as part of IST FP7 BUTLER project [1] –uBiquitous, secUre inTernet-of-things with Location and contEx-awaReness • Objective is to validate IoT integration & seamless interaction with users by relying on (federated) “social networks” as common interaction paradigm (and access control) SmartOffice Dashboard Now relying on heterogeneous vocabularies and (web) APIs BUTLER Smart Office trial BUTLER SmartOffice [1] http://www.iot-butler.eu/ 6 FreeDomotic WebSocket API OMA SNEW [OpenSocial / ActivityStreams] API Energy@Home JSON API
  • 7. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC Current standardization activities: Open Mobile Alliance • Started a White Paper [1] on “Social Web of Things” in March 2014 –Reference architectural model –List of (typical) scenarios and use cases •Notifications, queries, commands, followship –Deployment options and related issues •Account-object identity mapping, information abstraction & frequency –Impact on OMA SNEW (Social Network Web) specifications [2] •Gap analysis •Possible extensions to the ActivityStreams base schema to better cover the IoT/WoT use cases •Other potential impacts on reference SNEW architecture and entities [1] http://member.openmobilealliance.org/ftp/Public_documents/CD/MobSocNet/Permanent_documents/OMA-WP- Social_Web_of_Things-20140623-D.zip [2] http://technical.openmobilealliance.org/Technical/technical-information/release-program/current-releases/snew-v1-0 7
  • 8. Smart Social Spaces: Opportunities and challenges of the Social Web of Things June 2014 – W3C workshop on Web of Things GOIX Laurent-Walter / SI.I.OIR Copyright 2014 TELECOM ITALIA - PUBLIC • Web of Things WG: Focus on “Things” –Use case identification (Digital Object Memories, Object control & notification) –Abstract modelling & common vocabularies (properties, events, commands/actions) –Web API definition (HTTP, WS and/or JS) to access & manage things from Web- based applications (including mobile, possibly in collaboration with OMA) • Social Web WG: Focus on “Social” –Usage/extension of ActivityStreams and “action handlers” for WoT use cases –Support of federation across “Smart Spaces” (e.g. home, vacation house, office) & user domains Our interest within W3C 8