Why are the Parts of Speech important? Knowing the Parts of Speech will improve your writing. Knowing the Parts of Speech will improve your speaking. Knowing the Parts of Speech will help you be more successful in your schoolwork.
There are 8 Parts of Speech. Noun Verb Pronoun KEY ELEMENTS Adjective Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection
The NOUNA NOUN is the name of: a person: Bill, boy, teacher, engineer, Natalie a place: New York, website, river, beach a thing: computer, dog, chicken, book an idea: freedom, truth, love, justiceThere are different types of nouns: Singular or plural (girl or girls) Common or proper (boy or Peter) Concrete or abstract (book or freedom)
The NOUN: PracticeWrite or find your own examples of NOUNS. Person: Place: Thing: Idea:
The NOUN: PracticeUnderline the NOUNS in the sentences below. The boy went to New York on the train to see the Empire State Building. The exchange student is living in the same city she studies. If you go to London, make sure you visit the famous abbey road street where The Beatles recorded most of their albums at the EMI studios. James Cameron has directed several blockbusters like Aliens, Terminator 2, Titanic and Avatar just to name a few.
The VERBA VERB is a word that: Shows action (physical or mental): play, jump, think, dream OR Shows a state of being: am, are, is, was, appear, seem Barack Obama is the president of the USA. You are a highschool student. Scott likes old american cars. Chile sells salmon to Japan and the USA.A verb is the heart of communication.
The VERB: PracticeWrite or find your own examples of VERBS.Physical Action:Mental Action:
The VERB: PracticeUnderline the VERBS in the sentence below. Julie ran into the street to see the new car her aunt bought. They found the person who stole the watch. Peter Venkman is the leader of the Ghostbusters. Bruce Wayne is the dark hero that lives in Gotham city. Adele is the new musical sensation from the UK.
The PRONOUNA PRONOUN takes the place of a noun.Instead of John, use he. Instead of Mary, use she. Instead of John and Mary, use they.Subject Pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, theyObject Pronouns: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, themPossessive Pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs
The PRONOUNSubject Pronouns: The subject pronoun performs the action. I love chocolate. You cook italian food. He lives in Springfield. She comes from Shelbyville It runs very fast. We eat french fries. You study hard next time. They drink beer very often.
The PRONOUNObject Pronouns: The object pronoun receives the action. Natalie loves me. I can help you . Springfield needs him. Robert calls her everyday. Pablo trained it. The Doctor tells us the medications we need. The bus driver takes you home. The president trusts them.
The PRONOUNPossessive Pronouns: Refer to our belongings. The white computer is mine. The blue hat is yours. This is his black jacket. The yellow pencil case is hers. This is its ball. The classroom is ours. The truck is yours. This is their house.
The PRONOUN: PracticeFill in the blank with the correct pronoun. Robert asked Cindy for help. _____ asked ______ for help Carol told Peter the truth.____ told ____ the truth. James taught Paul & Katherine._____ taught ______________ Eric sold Johnny his favorite guitar.____sold______ his favorite guitar.
The ADJECTIVEAn ADJECTIVE tells more about a noun or pronoun.It may describe: a red bicycle, a happy child, a blonde girl. The orange car. WHICH? I like Natalie’s leather jacket. WHAT KIND? David has two electric guitars. HOW MANY?
The ADJECTIVE: Practice Write an adjective on each line to describe the dog.Write 3 sentences using the adjectives above.Each sentence should have 2 adjectives in it.1.2.3.
The ADVERBAn ADVERB tells more about a verb, adjective or another adverb.Adverbs answer three questions:1) How?2) When?3) Where?
ADVERBS OF MANNERDescribe how something happens. carefully, correctly, eagerly, easily, fast loudly, patiently, quickly, quietly and well.Consider the following example: She decided to write her paper. (no adverbs) She quickly decided to write her paper. (her decision was quick) She decided to write her paper quickly. (her writing was quick)
ADVERBS OF PLACEDescribe where something happens. Abroad, anywhere, downstairs, here, home in, nowhere, out, outside, somewhere there, underground, upstairs. I wanted to go upstairs. She has lived in the city since June. (in the city –prepositional phrase)
ADVERBS OF PURPOSEDescribe why something happens. So, so that, to, in order to, because, since, accidentally, intentionally and purposely. Jenny walks carefully to avoid falling. Bob accidentally broke the vase.
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCYDescribe how often something happens. Always, every, never,often,rarely,seldom,, sometimes and usually. Mackenzie gets a ride from her brother every day. The fish usually swims near the top of its tank.
ADVERBS OF TIMEDescribe when something happens. After, already, during, finally, just, last, later next, now, recently, soon, then, tomorrow when, while and yesterday. He came home before dark. It will be too dark to play outside soon. Jessica finished her supper first. Andy left school early.
The ADVERB: PracticeHighlight the adverb in each sentence. In the blank after thesentence, write if the adverb tells HOW, WHEN or WHERE.1. The mail carrier finally arrived. __________2. We ran out to meet her.__________3. Maggie clapped her hands excitedly. _________4. I quickly opened the gold envelope. __________5. Then Maggie read the letter.__________6. "We won the contest!" she shouted proudly.__________7. He keeps his collection upstairs. _________8. He works on it often. __________9. Sometimes friends send Butch new stamps. _______10. He buys unusual stamps downtown. _________
The PREPOSITIONA PREPOSITION is a word that shows the relationship of one word in a sentence to another word.The four things that prepositions tell are:1) Where something is (location): in, on, under2) Where something is going (direction): to, around3) When something happens (time): until, during4) The relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in a sentence: with, by
The PREPOSITION: PracticeCircle the correct preposition.1. Are you sure (about, around) that?2. Are you familiar (in, with) that textbook?3. Mrs. Smith worries (about, of) everything.4. I asked the nurse (to, for) some help.5. They borrowed money (of, from) me.6. Don’t wait (until, during) tomorrow to do your homework.7. My grandmother arrived (in, to) Washington, DC, today.8. The garage is right next (from, to) the house.
The CONJUNCTIONA CONJUNCTION is a word that joins other words or parts of sentences together.Here are examples of conjunctions joining words together: David and Jennifer are brother and sister. Choose a pen or a pencil from the stack.Here are examples of conjunctions joining parts of asentence together: You’ll receive a good grade if you study for the test. I walked fast to get to class but I was tardy anyway.
The INTERJECTIONINTERJECTIONS are special words that show strong feelings like excitement, shock, anger or happiness.Here are some common interjections: Wow Hey Hooray Ugh Yuck Phew Oops Yikes Ouch Yippee
The INTERJECTION: Practice Underline the INTERJECTIONS 1. Hey! You left me behind. 2. Ouch! That soup is hot. 3. Oops! The plate broke. 4. Well, I guess I’ll go. 5. Hurray! We won the game. 6. Wow! John hit the ball far. 7. Hurry! I saw something scary in the cave. 8. Alas! I cannot go with you. 9. Shh! I heard something. 10. Ah, I see what you mean.
The INTERJECTION: Practice Fill in the blanks with correct INTERJECTIONS Eek!, Oh!, Oops!, Wow!, Hey!, Aha!, Ouch!, Ah!, Well, Ugh! 1. ________ He stole my watch. 2. ________ That hurts. 3. ________ I think I’ll go. 4. ________ I hate rats. 5. ________ What a cute kitten. 6. ________ I lost my pencil. 7. ________ The bus left. 8. ________ How exciting. 9. ________, I guess you can have my soup. 10. ________ I slipped.
Now that you know everything… …An extra exercise to check your understanding as a whole.
Reading ComprehensionThe Crimson CandleA man lying at the point of death called his wife to his bedsideand said: "I am about to leave you forever; give me, therefore, onelast proof of your affection and fidelity, for, according to ourholy religion, a married man seeking admittance at the gate ofHeaven is required to swear that he has never defiled himselfwith an unworthy woman. In my desk you will find a crimsoncandle, which has been blessed by the High Priest and has apeculiar mystical significance. Swear to me that while it is inexistence you will not remarry."The Woman swore and the Man died. At the funeral theWoman stood at the head of the bier, holding a lighted crimsoncandle till it was wasted entirely away.
Parts of Speech Organizer Copy this table in your copybooks right away! Complete it with the information provided by the text.ADJECTIVE NOUN VERB ADVERB MEANING PRONOUN
BibliographyTextbooks: Advanced Grammar in Use, Cambridge. English Grammar for the Utterly Confused, McGraw Hill How to Teach English, Longman.