Issues Related to Precision
Agriculture in Pakistan
Precision agriculture is a way of thinking about how
to improve production and get more from existing
resources. It often involves the use of technology.
Precision agriculture or satellite farming is a farming
management concept based on observing and
responding to intra-field variations.
Precision agriculture around the
The concept of precision agriculture first emerged in
the United States in the early 1980s.
Later nations were Canada and Australia.
In Europe, the United Kingdom was the first to go
down this path, followed closely by France.
Issues related to adaption of
Due to increasing population and division of land under
the law of inheritance, landholdings are subdivided over
and over again. The result is that very large number of
farmers has less than 2 hectares of area. Moreover
holdings are scattered. It is difficult to use modern
machinery on small pieces of land.
Limited Cultivable Area
The total area is about 79.6 million hectares
Only 23.7 million hectares (28%) area is used for
Water Logging and Salinity
Twin problems of agricultural sector.
Both affect about 0.10 million acre of land in every year
Slow Growth of Allied Products
Allied products refer to those productions, which are
not agricultural but indirectly, help the farmer to
improve his living standard i.e. fruits, milk, poultry,
fisheries, livestock and forestry.
Low Per Hectare Yield
45.0% of labour force is engaged
It is less than 5% in developed countries
Rural infrastructure like, roads, storage facilities,
transport, electricity, education, sanitation and health
Electricity is available to only 3/4 rural populations.
Old Methods of Production
The old implements are still being used for
Inadequate Supply of Agricultural Inputs
The supply of modern inputs costly
Inadequate and irregular
Lack of Irrigation Facilities
Shortage of irrigation facilities causes a serious
limitation in the expansion of crop area in Pakistan.
Defective Land Tenure System
Landlords and feudal-lords live in urban areas
Tenants and peasants have no or less incentive for
their hard work. So, the productivity in agricultural
sector remains low.
Improper Crop Rotation
The constant cultivation of one crop or two; exhausts
the fertility of the soil.
Proper rotation of crops is necessary in order to
restore the fertility.
Lack of success stories
There have been no success stories of precision
Culture and perceptions of the users
Farmers are resistant to new technologies and do not
They are unaware of agro-environmental problems
such as groundwater pollution caused by ineffective
Various Plant Diseases
• Crops often come under attack of pests and insects.
• Pests and plant diseases reduce the annual
productivity of agriculture.
Heterogeneity of cropping systems and market
Farm units are highly heterogeneous.
Fertility status is not uniform.
Labour is in the hand of mankind but its result is in
the hands of ALLAH in agriculture sector.
20% reduction in productivity due to unnecessary
rain and unfavourable climatic situation.
Scarcity of HYV Seeds
lower quality seeds due to non-availability of High
Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds.
Agricultural production is badly affected because of
inferior quality of seeds.
Under Utilization of Land
Population is attached with agricultural sector.
Using traditional means of cultivation.
Less intereste to use the advanced and modern means
Our farmers have no proper records of their incomes
and expenses. Mostly, they spend on several rural
ceremonies and festivals.
Absence of Land Reforms
First time during Ayub’s .
Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto introduced more reforms in
Absence of land reforms has always caused a lot of
damage to the agricultural sector of Pakistan.
Data availability, quality and costs
Difficulties in obtaining reliable data in a timely and
Lack of local technical expertise
Requires a relatively advanced and computer literate
influenced by variations in personal ability and age of
farmers, motivation, quality and number of years of
education, and exposure to extension services.
Land ownership, infrastructure and institutional
Policy and bureaucratic constraints slow down the
process of timely information transfer. Further, poor
coordination among the private sector, research and
administration agencies makes the adoption of these
They are often seen in courts, police stations,
irrigation offices, revenue boards and other official
Joint Family System
He has to support his big family.
It creates deficiency in saving and investment. A huge
part of farmer’s productivity is consumed at his own
Illiteracy and Ill-health
Literacy rate is only 57.7 %.
Conti… Political Instability
Affected development in all economic and social sectors.
Creates unrest among the farmers to sell the productions to
various industries as a raw material.
People hesitate to invest in agricultural sector due to political
• International compulsions & inconsistent
• Pakistan fell back in to the clutches of IMF after the change of
regime back in 2008.
• IMF has told Pakistan to reduce agricultural subsidies and
impose agriculture tax.
• Pakistan is a WTO signatory as well.
Lack of Credit
Agricultural credit facilities are not common.
Non-institutional sources are available but these are not
reliable due to high rate of interest.
About 50.8% poor borrow from landlords in Pakistan.
Instability in Market Prices
Cobweb theorem is very popular in case of market prices;
it means that a price of one commodity is much high in
this year and much low in the next year and vice versa.
The farmers, do not get due reward from the sale of their
productions. So, they remain unsatisfied
MEASURES TO REMOVE THESE
Following measures are suggested to improve the
Supply of Agriculture Credit
Water Logging and Salinity Control
Construction of Dames
Provision of HYV Seed
Training of Farmers
Prices of Agricultural Productivities
Being an agricultural country, agricultural sector of
Pakistan’s economy is still backward. Use of modern
techniques, provision of credit facilities, basic
infrastructure and agriculture research facilities are needed
to remove all the problems of agriculture sector.