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Chapter10 -- netware-based networking

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Basic Networking Guide

Basic Networking Guide

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  • 1. Chapter 10: Netware-Based Networking Network+ Guide to Networks
  • 2. Objectives:
    • Identify the advantages of using the NetWare network operating system
    • Describe NetWare’s server hardware requirements
  • 3. Objectives: (continued)
    • Understand NetWare’s file system and directory structures
    • Plan for and perform a simple NetWare server installation
    • Explain how NetWare supports multiple clients and integrates with other network operating systems
  • 4. Introduction to Netware
    • First NetWare network operating system in 1983
    • Several different versions of NetWare
  • 5. Introduction to Netware (continued)
    • Prior to 4.11 require the IPX/SPX protocol suite
    • 4.11, sometimes referred to as intraNetWare
      • Began supporting TCP/IP
      • First version of NetWare to supply Internet-related services
  • 6. Introduction to Netware (continued)
    • 1998, Novell released version 5.0
      • Released versions 5.1 and 5.11
      • Collectively, they are known as NetWare 5.x
      • Novell’s first NOS wholly based on the IP protocol
    • NetWare 6.x
      • NetWare 6.5’s key features are discussed in the following sections
  • 7. Why Choose Netware?
    • Features NetWare of NOS:
      • Multiple processors, multitasking, and symmetric multiprocessing
      • Flexible virtual and physical memory
      • eDirectory (formerly called NDS)
      • Simple, centralized management
      • Multiple, integrated Web development and delivery services
  • 8. Why Choose Netware? (continued)
    • Features NetWare of NOS (continued):
      • Support for multiple modern protocols
      • Excellent integration with other NOSs and support for many different clients
      • Remote client service
      • Built-in clustering services
  • 9. Why Choose Netware? (continued)
    • Features NetWare of NOS (continued):
      • Provisions for monitoring server performance, automatic backups, and resource utilization
      • File system specially designed to support high-performance, large-scale storage devices that are accessible from multiple operating systems
  • 10. Why Choose Netware? (continued)
    • NetWare version 6.5 enhancements
      • iManager
      • DirXML
      • Capability for continuously backing up
      • Server Consolidation Utility
      • Popular open-source Web development tools
  • 11. Why Choose Netware? (continued)
    • NetWare version 6.5 enhancements (continued)
      • Virtual Office
      • Branch Office
      • Nterprise Linux Services
  • 12. Netware Server Hardware
  • 13. Netware Server Hardware (continued)
    • Determine the optimal hardware
      • How many clients will connect to the server?
      • What kinds of applications will run on the server?
      • Which and how many optional services will the server provide?
      • How much storage space will each user need?
  • 14. Netware Server Hardware (continued)
    • Determine the optimal hardware (continued)
      • How much downtime is acceptable?
      • What can your organization afford?
  • 15. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System
    • NetWare Integrated Kernel
      • Responsible for overseeing all critical server processes
      • It manages multiprocessing,multitasking, and access to the server’s interrupts, memory, and I/O functions
      • NetWare 6.5 takes advantage of symmetric multiprocessing
      • NLMs (NetWare loadable modules)
  • 16. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • NetWare Integrated Kernel (continued)
      • Console
      • Monitor
      • ConsoleOne
      • X Server
  • 17. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 18. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • NetWare Integrated Kernel (continued)
      • Remote Manager
        • Access console commands through a Web browser on another computer on the network
  • 19. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 20. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • NetWare File System
      • NSS (Novell Storage Services)
        • A 64-bit interface, which results in fast data access
        • Files or directories as large as 8 Terabytes (TB)
        • Up to a trillion files in a single directory
        • File compression (enabled by default)
  • 21. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • NetWare File System
      • NSS (Novell Storage Services)
        • The ability to set user and directory space restrictions
        • Advanced fault-tolerance techniques
        • Efficient use of memory
        • Browser-based volume management
        • The ability to split volumes over multiple storage devices
  • 22. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 23. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • eDirectory
      • NetWare 6.5’s directory database
      • System for organizing and managing multiple servers and their resources
      • Similar to Active Directory in Windows Server 2003
  • 24. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 25. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • eDirectory
      • Schema
        • Base schema
        • Extended schema
      • Trees and Organizational Units
        • Tree object
  • 26. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 27. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 28. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 29. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
  • 30. A Closer Look at the Netware 6.5 Operating System (continued)
    • eDirectory
      • Naming Conventions
        • Context
        • Typeful
        • Typeless
  • 31. Planning for Installation
    • Critical pre-installation decisions
      • Where does the server fit in the eDirectory tree?
      • What name will the server have?
      • How many and what kinds of network adapter cards will the server use?
      • What protocols and network services should the server use?
  • 32. Planning for Installation (continued)
    • Critical pre-installation decisions (continued)
      • What will the Administrator password be?
      • What kind of disk controllers does the server have?
      • How many, how large, and what kind of volumes will the server require?
      • What server pattern, or type, will the server be?
  • 33. Planning for Installation (continued)
    • Critical pre-installation decisions (continued)
      • What kind of license do I have?
      • How can I remember all of this information?
  • 34. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server
    • The Installation Process
      • Text-based
        • Select your language.
        • Select regional settings.
        • Accept the Novell Software License Agreement
        • Default or Manual installation
  • 35. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • The Installation Process
      • Text-based (continued)
        • Prepare the boot partition
        • If you have chosen the Default installation, accept default selections of a 4 GB SYS volume, and auto discovery of LAN, disk, and video drivers.
  • 36. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • The Installation Process
      • GUI-based
        • Choose a pattern, or select the type of server you are installing.
        • If you selected a Customized NetWare Server, select the components you want to install.
        • Review the details of the server you’re about to install.
        • Choose to copy files.
  • 37. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • The Installation Process
      • Set up the server
        • Name the server.
        • Enable cryptography.
        • Specify the network protocols for each network adapter, and in the case of TCP/IP, specify the server’s IP addressing information.
        • Enter the server’s host and domain name.
  • 38. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • The Installation Process
      • Set up the server (continued)
        • Set the server time zone.
        • Select whether to create a new eDirectory tree or add the server to an existing eDirectory tree.
        • Enter eDirectory information (and if desired, create organizational units).
  • 39. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • The Installation Process
      • Set up the server (continued)
        • Choose an Administrator ID and password.
        • License the NetWare server.
        • Select the login method, or any additional means of authenticating with an eDirectory tree (other than the default method, which is called the NDS login method).
  • 40. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • Establishing Users and Groups
      • How to create a new user object in iManager
        • Connect to the iManager URL on your server and log on to the iManager tool as a user with administrator privileges
        • Scroll down the list and click Create User under the Users heading. The Create User window appears, as shown in Figure 10-8
  • 41. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
  • 42. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
    • Establishing Users and Groups
      • How to create a new user object in iManager (continued)
        • Enter the user’s username, first name, last name, and context in the text boxes provided
        • When you have entered all the user’s information, click OK
        • Click OK to return to the default iManager window
  • 43. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
      • Creating a group in NetWare 6.5
        • Connect to the iManager URL on your server and log on to the iManager tool as a user with administrator privileges.
        • Scroll down the list of functions and click Create Group under the Groups heading. The Create Group window appears, as shown in Figure 10-9.
  • 44. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
  • 45. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
      • Creating a group in NetWare 6.5 (continued)
        • Enter a name and context for the group, then click OK. iManager responds with a message: “Complete: The Create Group request succeeded.”
        • Click Modify to change the default properties of this group. The Modify Object prompt appears, with a drop-down list and a number of text boxes.
  • 46. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
      • Creating a group in NetWare 6.5 (continued)
        • Select Members (depending on your browser type, this option might appear as a hyperlink or an item in a drop-down list). A Members prompt appears.
        • To search for objects to be included in this group, click the ObjectSelector icon (which looks like a magnifying glass).The ObjectSelector window appears.
  • 47. Installing and Configuring a Netware 6.5 Server (continued)
      • Creating a group in NetWare 6.5 (continued)
        • Click the Browse button or tab, depending on your browser, to browse through the eDirectory tree until you find the user objects you want to add to this group.
        • Click the user objects you want to add to the group you have created. When you are finished adding users, click OK to return to the default iManager window.
  • 48. Client Services
    • Traditional Client Access
      • Previous versions of NetWare
      • Windows, Macintosh, and UNIX-based
      • Connected via a Novell client
  • 49. Client Services (continued)
  • 50. Client Services (continued)
    • Native File Access
      • Novell Storage Services (NSS)
      • NFS
      • CIFS (Common Internet File System)
      • AFP (AppleTalk Filing Protocol)
      • NetDrive
  • 51. Client Services (continued)
  • 52. Client Services (continued)
    • Browser-based Access
      • Access NetWare 6.5 files and directories is through a Web browser
      • Novell’s NetStorage tool
  • 53. Internetworking with Other Operating Systems
    • LDAP directory standards
    • DirXML
    • Nterprise Linux Services.
  • 54. Chapter Summary
    • Identify the advantages of using the NetWare network operating system
    • Describe NetWare’s server hardware requirements
    • Understand NetWare’s file system and directory structures
  • 55. Chapter Summary (continued)
    • Plan for and perform a simple NetWare server installation
    • Explain how NetWare supports multiple clients and integrates with other network operating systems