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Chapter08 -- network operating systems and windows server 2003-based networking

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Basic Networking Guide

Basic Networking Guide

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Chapter08  -- network operating systems and windows server 2003-based networking Chapter08 -- network operating systems and windows server 2003-based networking Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 8: Network Operating Systems and Windows Server 2003-Based Networking Network+ Guide to Networks
  • Objectives:
    • Discuss the functions and features of a network operating system
    • Define the requirements for a Windows Server 2003 network environment
    • Describe how Windows Server 2003 fits into an enterprise-wide network
  • Objectives (continued)
    • Perform a simple Windows Server 2003 installation
    • Manage simple user, group, and rights parameters in Windows Server 2003
    • Understand how Windows Server 2003 integrates with other popular network operating systems
  • Introduction to Network Operating Systems
        • Centrally manage network resources
        • Secure access to network
        • Allow remote users to connect
        • Allow users to connect to other networks
        • Back up data and make sure it’s available
        • Allow for simple additions of clients and resources
        • Monitor status and functionality of network elements
        • Distribute programs and software updates to clients
        • Ensure efficient use of a server’s capabilities
        • Provide fault tolerance
  • Introduction to Network Operating Systems (continued)
    • Selecting a Network Operating System
      • Compatible with existing infrastructure?
      • Provide the security required by resources?
      • Can technical staff manage it effectively?
      • Will applications run smoothly on it?
  • Introduction to Network Operating Systems (continued)
    • Selecting a Network Operating System
      • Will it accommodate future growth?
      • Does it support the additional services users require?
      • Does it fit budget?
      • What additional training will it require?
      • Support from its manufacturer?
  • Introduction to Network Operating Systems (continued)
    • Network Operating Systems and Servers
      • How many clients will connect to the server?
      • What kinds of applications will run on the server?
      • How much storage space will each user need?
      • How much downtime, if any, is acceptable?
      • What can the organization afford?
  • Network Operating System Services and Features
    • Client Support
      • Creating and managing client accounts
      • Enabling clients to connect to the network
      • Allowing clients to share resources
      • Managing clients’ access to shared resources
      • Facilitating communication between clients
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Client/Server Communication
      • Credentials- user name and password
      • Redirector- intercepts the request
      • Authentication- matching credentials
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Users and Groups
      • Access a client (or user) has depends on user account and groups assigned
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Identifying and Organizing Network Elements
      • Directory
      • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)
        • Object
        • Attributes
        • Schema
        • Containers, or Organizational Units (OUs).
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Sharing Applications
      • Ability to share resources, reducing costs and time required to manage the resources
    • Sharing Printers
      • Increase the efficiency of managing resources and reduce costs for an organization
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Sharing Printers
      • All NOSs can
        • Create an object that identifies the printer to the rest of the network
        • Assign the printer a unique name
        • Install drivers associated with the printer
        • Set printer attributes, such as location and printing preferences
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Sharing Printers
      • All NOSs can (continued)
        • Establish or limit access to the printer
        • Remotely test and monitor printer functionality
        • Update and maintain printer drivers
        • Manage print jobs, including modifying a job’s priority or deleting jobs from the queue
  • Network Operating System Services and Features (continued)
    • Managing System Resources
      • Memory
        • Physical memory and Virtual memory
      • Multitasking
        • Preemptive multitasking
      • Multiprocessing
        • Processing and Threads
  • Introduction to Windows Server 2003
    • Four different, but related NOSs:
      • Standard Edition
      • Web Edition
      • Enterprise Edition
      • Datacenter Edition
  • Why Choose Windows Server 2003?
    • General benefits, Standard Edition
      • Support for multiple processors, multitasking, and symmetric multiprocessing
      • Active Directory
      • Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
      • Integrated Web development and delivery services
      • Support for modern protocols and security
  • Why Choose Windows Server 2003? (continued)
    • General benefits, Standard Edition
      • Excellent integration with NOSs and support for client operating systems
      • Integrated remote client services
      • Provisions for monitoring and improving server performance
      • Support for high-performance, large-scale storage devices
  • Windows Server 2003 Hardware Requirements
    • Servers generally require more processing power, memory, and hard disk space than do client workstations
    • The Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) lists all computer components proven to be compatible with Windows Server 2003.
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003
    • Windows Server 2003 Memory Model
      • Can use virtual memory
      • Assigns each application (or process) its own 32-bit memory area
      • Allows you to install more physical memory
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
    • Windows Server 2003 File Systems
      • FAT (File Allocation Table)
      • FAT16 & FAT32
      • CDFS (CD-ROM File System) and UDF (Universal Disk Format)
      • NTFS (New Technology File System)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
    • Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
      • All administrative tools are integrated into a single interface
      • Purpose is to gather multiple administrative tools into a convenient console for your network environment
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
    • Active Directory
      • Workgroups
        • Group of interconnected computers that share each other’s resources
      • Domains
        • Domain model
        • Domain controllers
        • Member servers.
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
    • Active Directory (cont.)
      • Organizational Units
        • NOSs use organizational units (OUs) to hold multiple objects that have similar characteristics
        • Windows Server 2003 OU can contain over 10 million objects
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
      • Trees and Forests
        • Domain tree
          • Root domain
          • Child domains
        • Forest
          • Collection of one or more domain trees
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
      • Trust Relationships
        • Two-way transitive trust
        • Explicit one-way trust
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003 (continued)
      • Naming Conventions
        • Distinguished name (DN)
        • Relative distinguished name (RDN)
        • User principal name (UPN)
  • A Closer Look at Windows Server 2003
  • Planning for Installation
    • Create a plan for your server and its place in your network
    • Consider many factors, including organizational structure, server function, applications, number of users, LAN architecture, and optional services
  • Installing and Configuring a Windows Server 2003 Server
    • The Installation Process
      • Can install from a CD-ROM or remotely over the network
    • Initial Configuration
      • Server still isn’t ready to support clients
      • You must configure the software
  • Installing and Configuring a Windows Server 2003 Server (continued)
    • Establishing Users and Groups
      • Installation process creates two accounts:
        • Guest
          • limited privileges
        • Administrator
          • extensive privileges
  • Internetworking with Other Network Operating Systems (continued)
    • Windows Server 2003 can communicate with almost any kind of client and, given the proper software and configuration, with the other major NOSs
  • Chapter Summary
    • Functions and features of a network operating system
    • Define the requirements for a Windows Server 2003 network environment
    • Describe how Windows Server 2003 fits into an enterprise-wide network
  • Chapter Summary (continued)
    • Perform a simple Windows Server 2003 installation
    • Manage simple user, group, and rights parameters in Windows Server 2003
    • Understand how Windows Server 2003 integrates with other popular network operating systems