Nutrition wasay
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Nutrition wasay

on

  • 182 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
182
Views on SlideShare
182
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Nutrition wasay Nutrition wasay Presentation Transcript

  • Wasay Waseem KabirFinal Year MBBS, Deccan College of Medical Sciences
  • NUTRITIONNutrition , also callednourishment , is the provision, tocells and organisms , of thematerials necessary in the formof food to support life.Our food is made up of essential, natural complex chemical
  • 1. Carbohydrate2. Fat Macro3. Protein4. Vitamins5. Minerals
  • --50-60% of total energy intake. Carbohydrates are divided intoSimple carbohydrates e.g. monosaccharide and disaccharides such as glucose and fructose in fruits, vegetables, sucrose in sugar, lactose in milk.Complex Carbohydrates e.g. oligosaccharides & polysaccharides such as starch in cereals.
  •  Proteins are second most abundant substance in the body after water. They are required for growth and synthesis of tissues in the body, and as alternate source of energy for the body. Proteins are made of 20 different kinds of amino acids. Proteins provide 4 kcal energy/gm.
  •  25-30% of energy intake should be from fat. Acts as major structural element of cell membranes, carriers of fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, K, precursors offer biosynthesis of prostaglandins and hormones. Fats in diet or human body are in the form of triglycerides, phospholipids & cholesterol
  • SIMPLE LIPIDSSATURATED FATTY UNSATURATED ACIDS. Ghee, FATTY ACIDSButter, Coconut oil (UFA) MUFA PUFA Olive, palm, Corn, soya, mustard oils. sunflower oils. EFA Linoleic & linolenic acids
  • RECOMMENDED DIETARYALLOWANCES A range of acceptable or safe intake levels have been established for almost all the important nutrients, which are recognized as “RDA”. RDAs are formulated based on the current knowledge of nutritional requirements of diff age & sex groups depending on anthropometry. A simple way of calculating energy requirements is as follows:-For children with normal body weights, the energy requirements are :- 100 Kcal/Kg for the first 10 kg, Between 10-20 kg, the requirement is 1000kcal+50 kcal/kg added for wt about 10 kg. For wt more than 20 kg 20 kcal/kg is added to 1500 kcal to estimate the requirements.
  • RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCESFOR INDIAN CHILDREN.GROUP PARTICULAR BODY ENERGY PROTEIN FAT S WT (KG) Kcal/day gm/day gm/dayINFANTS 0-6 MONTHS 5.4 108/Kg 2.05/Kg 30 0-12 8.6 98/Kg 1.65/Kg 25 MONTHSCHILDRE 1-3 Yrs 12.2 1240 22 25N 4-6Yrs 19.0 1690 30 25 7-9Yrs 26.9 1950 41 25BOYS 10-12 Yrs 35.4 2190 54 22GIRLS 10-12 Yrs 31.5 1970 57 22BOYS 13-15 Yrs 47.8 2450 70 22GIRLS 13-15Yrs 46.7 2060 65 22BOYS 16-18 Yrs 57.1 2640 78 22GIRLS 16-18 Yrs 49.9 2060 63 22
  •  BREAST FEEDING: An infant should be exclusively breast fed till 6 months of age” During this age, additional food or fluid is not required as breast milk is nutritionally complete for the child’s growth and development and it protects from infections and strengthens immune system.
  • COMPLEMENTARY DIET: Complementary feeding is started at 6 months of age while continuing breast feeding. Complementary feeding refers to food which complements breast milk and ensures that the child continues to have enough energy , protein and other nutrients to grow normally. Breast feeding is encouraged up to 2 years of age in addition to normal food.BALANCED DIET: Balanced diet is defined as nutritionally adequate and appropriate; it provides all the nutrients in required amounts in proper proportions. A combination of carbohydrate rich food, a protein source and fat should be used to make nutritionally adequate complementary food or feed. This diet should contain 55-60% cal from carbohydrates, 10-12% proteins & 25-30% fats.
  • Foods are conventionally grouped as: Cereals, millets and pulses. Vegetables& fruits. Milk and milk products Egg, meat, fish. Oils and fats.
  • IMNCI FOOD BOXAGE FOOD Up to 6  Breast feed as often as the child months wants, at least 8 times in 24 hrs.  Do not give any other foods or fluids not even water. 6-12  Breast feed as often as the child months wants.  1 katori serving at a time of: mashed roti/ bread / biscuit mixed in sweetened undiluted milk OR  Mashed boiled /fried potatoes  3 times a day.
  • AGE FOOD 12  Breast feed as often as the child months- 2 wants. yrs.  Offer food from the family pot.  Give at least1 ½ katori serving at a time 5 times a day.  Mashed roti/ rice/ bread mixed in thick dal with added ghee/ oil OR khichri with added ghee and cooked vegetables also in the servings. 2yrs and  Give family food as 3 meals each older day.  also, twice daily, give nutritious food between meals such as: banana/
  • COMMON FOOD STUFFS FOOD K CAL/100 gm PROTEIN/100gFISH 100 20COW MILK 67 3.3DHAL 350 21RICE 350 7POTATO 100 1.6BANANA 100 1.0TAPIOCA 160 0.7
  • PREPARATIONS QTY FOR 1 KCAL SERVINGRICE 1 CUP 100PHULKA 1 NO 50BREAD 2 SLICES 100UPMA 1 CUP 250IDLY 2 NO 100DOSA 1NO 50KHICHRI 1 CUP 200CORN FLAKES 1 CUP 220SAMBAR 1 ½ CUP 100BOILED EGG 1 NO 70
  • PREPARATIONS QTY FOR 1 KCAL SERVINGPlain Dhal 1 CUP 110SAMOSA 1 NO 200SAND WICH 2 NO 200APPLE 1 65BANANA 1 90GRAPES 30 NO 70GUAVA 1 50JACKFRUIT 4 PIECES 90MANGO 1 180CHEEKU 1 80ORANGE 1 40
  • AnyQuestions??
  • THANK YOU… Acknowledgement-Dr.Narayan Reddy