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Crossroads Of Freedom



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  • 1. CROSSROADS OF FREEDOM - ANTIETAM - Sarah Williamson Mid-Term Part 1
  • 2. The Pendulum of War
    • Battles:
    • - Feb. 6 1862, Grant led battle to open confederate river ways on Mississippi and Ohio rivers at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson (Kentucky-Tennessee Theater), this allowed Union troops to invade the heart of the confederacy by gunboat.
    • - Confederates fight back at Shiloh, surprise attack on Grant
    • - Union takes over New Orleans
    • - The Peninsula Campaign – Johnston vs. McClellan
    • Outcomes:
    • - Naval Bockades geographically split the confereracy in two the Union Troops could now attack from all sides.
    • - Media outburst in newspapers across North and South; North: High expectations, excited, ready for victory, South: heart broken, panic-stricken, despairing events.
    • - South urges British and French involvement.
    • Politics:
    • - Union Generals were “soft” on the South. They did not want to fight the revolutionary war against slavery or for the free labor image.
    • - 1862 Union Congress initiated the Greenback Currency and war bonds – Lincoln needed $
  • 3. The Pendulum of War
    • Military Figures:
    • - George B. McClellan
    • - Union General, Army of the Potomac, “the young Napoleon, afraid to risk failure, accused with siding with South, came down with Typhoid fever
    • - Ulysses S. Grant:
    • - Union General, joined forces with McClellan, experienced past failure not afraid to take risks
    • - Robert E. Lee:
    • -Confederate General, risk taker
    • - Joseph E. Johnston:
    • -Confederate General
    Ulysses S. Grant George B. McClellan
  • 4. Taking Off the Kid Gloves
    • Battles:
    • - Shendoah valley, Stonewall Jackson created a diversion in order for Lincoln to send reinforcements to the valley rather than to McClellan’s needs. Main victory was at Winchester May 25 th .
    • - The Seven Days Battles; Army of N. Virginia did most of the attacking,
    • Outcomes:
    • - Stonewall is praised in the South, Confederate morale is boosted, most importantly was the wounding of Stonewall; replaced by Robert E. Lee
    • - The Seven Days Battles; a Shock to the North, panic on Wallstreet, “nation is in most eventful crisis of history”
    • - North discovers that Southerners only possessions are their slaves, if slaves were taken away (freed) the south would fail.
    • Politics:
    • - Foreign policy considerations
    • - Mar. 13,1862; Lincoln signed legislation to abolish all slavery in the District of Colombia
  • 5. Taking Off the Kid Gloves
    • Military Figures:
    • - McClellan:
    • - Union General, Reinstated
    • - Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson:
    • -Confederate General, Wounded in surprise attack in Valley.
    • - Robert E. Lee:
    • -Confederate General, Failed previously during Civil War, reinstatement after Stonewall Jackson’s injury brought little excitement to South, “Granny Lee”
    Robert E. Lee Stonewall Jackson
  • 6. The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing
    • Battles:
      • Fall1862, Confederate raids and invasions in the West,
      • Battle of Second Bull Run (Manassas)
    • Outcomes:
    • Politics:
  • 7. The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing
    • Military Figures :
    • - Lieutenant Isaac Newton Brown
    • - Buell
    • -Union
    • - Farragut
    • -Halleck
    • - Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • -Confederate
    • - John Hunt Morgan
    • -Confederate
    • -General Braxton Bragg
    • - Confederate
    • - Kirby Smith
    • - Confederate
  • 8. Showdown at Sharpsburg
    • Battles:
    • Outcomes:
    • Politics:
  • 9. Showdown at Sharpsburg
    • Military Figures:
  • 10. The Beginning of the End
    • Battles:
    • Outcomes:
    • Politics:
  • 11. The Beginning of the End
    • Military Figures: