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Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
Crossroads Of Freedom
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Crossroads Of Freedom

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  • 1. CROSSROADS OF FREEDOM - ANTIETAM - Sarah Williamson Mid-Term Part 1
  • 2. The Pendulum of War <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>- Feb. 6 1862, Grant led battle to open confederate river ways on Mississippi and Ohio rivers at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson (Kentucky-Tennessee Theater), this allowed Union troops to invade the heart of the confederacy by gunboat. </li></ul><ul><li>- Confederates fight back at Shiloh, surprise attack on Grant </li></ul><ul><li>- Union takes over New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>- The Peninsula Campaign – Johnston vs. McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>- Naval Bockades geographically split the confereracy in two the Union Troops could now attack from all sides. </li></ul><ul><li>- Media outburst in newspapers across North and South; North: High expectations, excited, ready for victory, South: heart broken, panic-stricken, despairing events. </li></ul><ul><li>- South urges British and French involvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul><ul><li>- Union Generals were “soft” on the South. They did not want to fight the revolutionary war against slavery or for the free labor image. </li></ul><ul><li>- 1862 Union Congress initiated the Greenback Currency and war bonds – Lincoln needed $ </li></ul>
  • 3. The Pendulum of War <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul><ul><li>- George B. McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>- Union General, Army of the Potomac, “the young Napoleon, afraid to risk failure, accused with siding with South, came down with Typhoid fever </li></ul><ul><li>- Ulysses S. Grant: </li></ul><ul><li>- Union General, joined forces with McClellan, experienced past failure not afraid to take risks </li></ul><ul><li>- Robert E. Lee: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General, risk taker </li></ul><ul><li>- Joseph E. Johnston: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General </li></ul>Ulysses S. Grant George B. McClellan
  • 4. Taking Off the Kid Gloves <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>- Shendoah valley, Stonewall Jackson created a diversion in order for Lincoln to send reinforcements to the valley rather than to McClellan’s needs. Main victory was at Winchester May 25 th . </li></ul><ul><li>- The Seven Days Battles; Army of N. Virginia did most of the attacking, </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>- Stonewall is praised in the South, Confederate morale is boosted, most importantly was the wounding of Stonewall; replaced by Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li> - The Seven Days Battles; a Shock to the North, panic on Wallstreet, “nation is in most eventful crisis of history” </li></ul><ul><li>- North discovers that Southerners only possessions are their slaves, if slaves were taken away (freed) the south would fail. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul><ul><li>- Foreign policy considerations </li></ul><ul><li>- Mar. 13,1862; Lincoln signed legislation to abolish all slavery in the District of Colombia </li></ul>
  • 5. Taking Off the Kid Gloves <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul><ul><li>- McClellan: </li></ul><ul><li>- Union General, Reinstated </li></ul><ul><li>- Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General, Wounded in surprise attack in Valley. </li></ul><ul><li> - Robert E. Lee: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General, Failed previously during Civil War, reinstatement after Stonewall Jackson’s injury brought little excitement to South, “Granny Lee” </li></ul>Robert E. Lee Stonewall Jackson
  • 6. The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall1862, Confederate raids and invasions in the West, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Second Bull Run (Manassas) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul>
  • 7. The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing <ul><li>Military Figures : </li></ul><ul><li>- Lieutenant Isaac Newton Brown </li></ul><ul><li>- Buell </li></ul><ul><li>-Union </li></ul><ul><li>- Farragut </li></ul><ul><li>-Halleck </li></ul><ul><li>- Nathan Bedford Forrest </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate </li></ul><ul><li>- John Hunt Morgan </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate </li></ul><ul><li>-General Braxton Bragg </li></ul><ul><li>- Confederate </li></ul><ul><li>- Kirby Smith </li></ul><ul><li>- Confederate </li></ul>
  • 8. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul>
  • 9. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul>
  • 10. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul>
  • 11. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul>

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