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- Feb. 6 1862, Grant led battle to open confederate river ways on Mississippi and Ohio rivers at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson (Kentucky-Tennessee Theater), this allowed Union troops to invade the heart of the confederacy by gunboat.
- Confederates fight back at Shiloh, surprise attack on Grant
- Union takes over New Orleans
- The Peninsula Campaign – Johnston vs. McClellan
- Naval Bockades geographically split the confereracy in two the Union Troops could now attack from all sides.
- Media outburst in newspapers across North and South; North: High expectations, excited, ready for victory, South: heart broken, panic-stricken, despairing events.
- South urges British and French involvement.
- Union Generals were “soft” on the South. They did not want to fight the revolutionary war against slavery or for the free labor image.
- 1862 Union Congress initiated the Greenback Currency and war bonds – Lincoln needed $