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Presentation Finalwithnotes

  1. 1. Trigger #2: Sleepwalking to Murder  Presented by: Priya Appea, Melanie Alcock, Mark Alfano, Ricksen Tam
  2. 2. Going to throw some raining/thunderstorm sound on here
  3. 3. We begin introduction
  4. 4. Questions We Answered How do different activities in the brain differ from a sleepwalker and a normal person? What social factors can influence individual’s sleep walking? Does stress and sleep loss affect the human physical and mental health? Is sleepwalking inherited, and how likely is it to be manifested in adults?
  5. 5. How do different activities in the brain differ from a sleepwalker and a normal person? sleepwalkers have “hypersychronous bursts of delta activity”
  6. 6. Comparing A and B- shows that in sleepwalkers (A), there is an increase in regional blood flow to the posterior cingulate cortex and to the anterior cerebellum. Comparing C and D- shows that in sleepwalkers(C) there are decreased levels of blood flow to the frontoparietal cortices.
  7. 7. What social factors can influence individual’s sleep walking?   This disorders seems to stem from many different sources and not ONE definite cause. There are many different social factors that may increase the chances of sleepwalking. These include: - fatigue, lack of sleep - stress. ex. unemployment - substance abuse ex. alcohol or drugs - hormone changes -illness and fever
  8. 8. Does stress and sleep loss affect the human physical and mental health? <ul><li>Loss of sleep affects younger children greatly </li></ul><ul><li>Impairs the mental activity of children immediately after one night of restricted sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to increased hunger and change in glucose tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Younger children spending too much time in daycare and around many other children can lead to stress related behavioural problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic family stress leads to increased illness in their children </li></ul>
  9. 9. Is sleepwalking inherited, and how likely is it to be manifested in adults? <ul><li>Studies of twins and families suggest genetic involvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects were able to press a switch to diminish and avoid unpleasant stimuli. </li></ul><ul><li>At 8 years of age, they were more likely to manifest sleepwalking, recurrent sleep talking, and emotional lability than control children </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The proportion of total phenotypic variance attributed to genetic influences was 66% in men and 57% in women in childhood sleepwalking, and 80% in men and 36% in women in adult sleepwalking. </li></ul><ul><li>Children whose parents who experienced sleep walking episodes as children are more likely to be diagnosed with the same condition. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion begins
  12. 12. References <ul><li>K Abe, M Amatomi and N Oda. Sleepwalking and recurrent sleeptalking in children of childhood sleepwalkers. American Psychiatric Association. 1984. Published in American Journal of Pyschiatry. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Lankenau Hospital. Sleep Medicine Services , Wynnewood PA, USA. June 16, 2007. < [email_address] >  </li></ul><ul><li>The Nemours Foundation. Sleepwalking . 1995-2007. </li></ul><ul><li>< > </li></ul><ul><li>Pilon, M., A, Zadra, J. Montplaisir, and S, Joncas. Hypersynchronous Delta Waves and Somnambulism: Brain Topography and Effect of Sleep Deprivation. PUBMED 1 (2006): 77-84. NCBI . 20 Oct. 2007 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Randazzo et al. (December, 1998.) Cognitive function following acute sleep restriction in children ages 10-14 . Retrieved November 3, 2007, <http://portal.isiknowledge.> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Taheri, Shahrad and Dr. Mignot, Emmanuel. The genetics of sleep disorders. Stanford University Center for Narcolepsy, Palo Alto, CA, USA. Published in The Lancet Neurology. Volume 1, Issue 4 , August 2002, Pages 242-250. Available online 1 August 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>< > </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Van Cauter et al. (January, 2007.) Impact of sleep and sleep loss on neuroendocrine and metabolic function . Retrieved November 2, 2007. <> </li></ul><ul><li>Wyman et al. (March, 2007.) Association of family stress with natural killer cell activity and the frequency of illnesses in children . Retrieved November 2, 2007. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Bassetti, Claudio, Silvano Vella, Filippo Donati, Peter Wielepp, and Bruno Weder. SPECT During Sleepwalking. The Lancet 356 (2000): 484-484-485. Science Direct . 17 Oct. 2007 < > </li></ul><ul><li>Blaivas, Allen J. Sleepwalking . East Orange, NJ. 6/4/2007. </li></ul><ul><li>< > </li></ul><ul><li>Bradley, Robert H., & Vandell, Deborah Lowe. (July, 2007.) Child care and the well- </li></ul><ul><li>Being of children . Retrieved November 2, 2007. < http://portal.isiknowledge . </li></ul><ul><li>> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Dement, W.c., and J.p.j. Pinel. Stages of Sleep . PSYCHOLOGY WORLD . 1998. Needham Heights. 18 Oct. 2007 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Foulkes, David. The Psychology of Sleep . United States of America. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York. 1966. </li></ul><ul><li>Guilleminault, Christian, Ceyda Kirisoglu, Agostinho C. Da Rosa, Cecilia Lopes, and Allison Chan. Sleepwalking, a Disorder of NREM Sleep Instability. Sleep Medicine 7 (2006): 163-170. Science Direct . 19 Oct. 2007 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Guilleminault, Christian MD, Biol D, et al. Sleepwalking and Sleep Terrors in Prepubertal Children: What Triggers them? From the Stanford University Sleep Disorders Clinic, Stanford, California. Pediatrics Vol. 111 No. 1 January 2003. Received for publication Jun 17, 2002; Accepted Sep 11, 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>< > </li></ul><ul><li>Hublin C, Kaprio J, Partinen M, Heikkilä K, and Koskenvuo M. Prevalence and genetics of sleepwalking: a population-based twin study. Department of Psychiatry at University of Helsinki. Finland. Published in National Library of Medicine. 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>< WOS&Func=Frame> </li></ul>