Homicide Chapter 11
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  • -Depends on jurisdiction-Secondary victims of homicide-left behind by homicide:-husband, wife, parents, siblings, children-Detectives have a profound duty to surviving family:Reality of homicide/emotions of survivorsProcess info/establish base of inquiryMakes notificationAssists family/arranges for official IDKeeps family informedGuide family through system
  • -death/dying is depressing-fearful/frightening/avoid funerals-inevitable but ignoredNORMAL GRIEVING PROCESS:-Acute phase-right at notification-numbness and shock/disbelief-crying/screaming/denial and depression-can last several days-usually ends by time of funeral-intense grief-cries copiously, yearns for person, preoccupied with memories of person
  • Days-weeks: somewhat depressed/apathetic/socially withdrawn-Over time gradually they recover-experience hours, days, week s, months where no consciously thinking about loss/grief-Years later something will remind mourner of loss (anniversary, etc).
  • National Organization for Victim Assistance NOVASTAGES OF GRIEF: -Kubler-Ross modelDenial: shock, confusion, avoidance, refusal to participate in acknowledgements, crying, physical pain, weakness, nausea, sleep disturbances, loss of appetiteProtest/Anger: At self, loved one, God, the world, YOU, irritability, lack of concentration, frenzied activity, fatigue.Despair: urge to recover what was lost, slower thinking/actions, agony, hopelessness and powerlessnessDetachment: apathy, indifference, decreased socialization, disengagement from the world, absent spontaneity and affect
  • Clinical interpretations-everyone grieves differently-some never recover from grief/some find little ways to hold on to memory-cultural/religious differentiations/individual dynamics
  • Psychological reactions to Murder:-intense psychological turmoil-sudden and violent-thrust into reality or permanent loss w/horrifying circumstances-out of the blue/unprepared
  • PSYCHOLOGIAL REACTIONS to MURDERED CHILDREN:-extremely tragic-goes against nature-total devastation-extreme psychological stress-parental bereavement-More intense than any other kind of grief-self-blame for failing to protect-child deaths usually end in divorce
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTIONS TO MURDER OF PO-entire department-invulnerable feelings-families feel isolated/abandoned by PD after funeral-not immune to grieving processNotifications by detectives:-detectives become integral part of family’s lives-how notification made/info given/ support provided is crucial -avoid telephone notifications-empathy-two detectives-one make the notification the other observes the reactions
  • Notifications: detectives:-detectives become integral part of family’s lives-how notification made/info given/ support provided is crucial -avoid telephone notifications-empathy-two detectives-one make the notification the other observes the reactions
  • -Uniformed patrol/counselorsGuidelines: Page 306-308Providing Information:-if not suspects-desire lots of info-types-sexual assault/torture-invoke greater despair-each case unique regarding info releasedGUIDING FAMILY THROUGH THE CRJ SYSTEM:-heavy impact-not prepared for process-outrage as system defends suspect’s rights-legal delays

Homicide Chapter 11 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. South Puget Sound Community College
  • 2. DEATH NOTIFICATIONS: -Secondary victims -Detective has a profound duty to families: 1. Reality of homicide/emotions of survivors 2. Process info/establish base of inquiry 3. Makes notification 4. Assists family/arranges for official ID 5. Keeps family informed 6. Guide family through system Detective is advocate for deceased and family
  • 3. Psychological reactions to death: -depressing -fearful/frightening -inevitable ignored NORMAL GRIEVING PROCESS: -Stage I: Acute phase: -notification -numbness/shock/disbelief -crying/screaming/denial and depression -several days
  • 4. Stage II: (-intense grief) -cries copiously -yearns for person - preoccupied with memories -depressed/apathetic -socially withdrawn -denial Stage III: (Psychological reorganization) -extended periods of time no consciously think of person -return to work –resume daily activities 1-2 months: -residual sadness -always something to remind of person
  • 5. STAGES OF GRIEF: (NOVA)-Kubler-Ross model 1. Denial: shock, confusion, avoidance, refusal to participate in acknowledgements, crying, physical pain, weakness, nausea, sleep disturbances, loss of appetite 2. Protest/Anger: At self, loved one, God, the world, YOU, irritability, lack of concentration, frenzied activity, fatigue. 3. Despair: urge to recover what was lost, slower thinking/actions, agony, hopelessness and powerlessness 4. Detachment: apathy, indifference, decreased socialization, disengagement from the world, absent spontaneity and affect
  • 6. 5. Reconstruction of life: spasms of grief, a loss is forever. Kubler-Ross list the last stage as acceptance but for survivors f victims of homicide there is no acceptance. NEVER THINK OF THINGS IN TERMS OF CLOSURE!!!! -grieve differently -never recover -hold on to memory -cultural/religious differentiations/individual dynamics
  • 7. Psychological reactions to Murder: -psychological turmoil -sudden/violent -thrust into reality/permanent loss -unprepared -realization of loss of potential for victim -intense grief -rage -injustice -helplessness
  • 8. PSYCHOLOGIAL REACTIONS to MURDERED CHILDREN: -extremely tragic -goes against nature -total devastation -extreme psychological stress-parental bereavement -More intense than any other kind of grief -self-blame for failing to protect -child deaths usually end in divorce
  • 9. PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTIONS TO MURDER OF PO -entire department -invulnerable -families isolated/abandoned by PD -not immune
  • 10. Notifications: -integral part of family’s lives -how notification made/info given/ support provided is crucial -empathy -two detectives -one make the notification/other observes reactions
  • 11. Guidelines: Page 306-308 Providing Information: -if not suspects-desire lots of info -types-sexual assault/torture-invoke greater despair -each case unique regarding info released GUIDING FAMILY THROUGH THE CRJ SYSTEM: -heavy impact -not prepared for process -outrage as system defends suspect’s rights -legal delays