Ch 7


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Ch 7

  2. 2. 2 PRETRIAL ACTIVITIES 2009 PearsonEducation, Inc
  3. 3. First Appearance/Arraignment 3Before judge:-jurisidction-charges-rights-lawyer-bail CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  4. 4. First Appearance 4McNabb v. U.S. (1943):-“without unnecessary delay”-48-72 hours CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  5. 5. Pretrial Release RISKS: -flight/safety Consider: -charges/record/history/release options5 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  6. 6. Pretrial Release Bail: -bond/pledge Purposes: -reassure return/prevent detention6 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  7. 7. Preliminary Hearing Mini trial: -detention -charges/rights -prosecution case/not defense -Prima facie7 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  8. 8. Plea Bargaining 8-prosecution/defense/victim/judge-guilty pleas-conviction-90% CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  9. 9. 9 THE CRIMINAL TRIAL 2009 PearsonEducation, Inc
  10. 10. The Nature and Purpose of the Criminal Trial: 10 Formalized:-due process-rules (formal/informal)-guilt/innocence CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  11. 11. Stages in a Criminal Trial 11 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  12. 12. Trial Initiation and the Speedy Trial 12 6th Amendment: -speedy/public trial Klopfer v. North Carolina (1967)  fundamental guarantee Baker v. Wingo (1972)  violated even w/o objection Strunk v. U.S. (1973) CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  13. 13. Jury Selection  6th Amendment:  -impartial /unbiased  -voir dire13 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  14. 14. Challenge to the Array 14-pool not representative of community-motion before voir dire CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  15. 15. Challenge for Cause 15-juror not impartial/fair-unlimited number CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  16. 16. Peremptory Challenge 16-without reason-limited CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  17. 17. Jury Selection and Race 17 Batson v. Kentucky (1986): -purposeful discrimination -violation of impartial jury CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  18. 18. The Evaluation of Evidence Judge: -relative -probative value v. inflammatory18 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  19. 19. The Testimony of Witnesses 6th Amendment: -right to face accuser -direct/cross 19 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  20. 20. Child Witnesses 37 states: videotape 32 states: CCTV 6th Amendment20 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  21. 21. Judge’s Charge to the Jury Foreperson  deliberate  verdict  laws/rules21 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  22. 22. Jury Deliberations and the Verdict Unanimous Hung jury (deadlock)22 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  23. 23. Problems with the Jury System ignorant of law/precedent problems with objectivity CSI effect retaliation23 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  24. 24. 7.524
  25. 25. 7.525
  26. 26. 7.526
  27. 27. 7.527
  28. 28. 7.5 Court- Court- Private Private Public Public Assigned Assigned Attorney Attorney Defender Defender Counsel Counsel
  29. 29. 7.5 Prosecution Prosecution Defense Defense
  30. 30. 7.530
  31. 31. 7.5 Major Provisions of the Justice for All Act of 2004 (The Act amends the federal criminal code to grant crime victims specified rights.) 1. The right to be reasonably protected from the accused. 2. The right to be reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any public court proceeding or any parole proceeding involving the crime, or of any release or escape of the accused. 3. The right not to be excluded from any such public court proceeding, unless the court, after receiving clear and convincing evidence, determines that testimony by the victim would be materially altered if the victim heard other testimony at that proceeding. 4. The right to be reasonably heard at any public proceeding in the district court involving release, plea, sentencing, or any parole proceeding. 5. The reasonable right to confer with the attorney for the Government in the case. 6. The right to full and timely restitution as provided in law. 7. The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay. 8. The right to be treated with fairness and with respect for the victim’s dignity and privacy.
  32. 32. 7.532
  33. 33. 7.5 Sheriffs Sheriffs Clerks Clerks Judges Judges Defense Defense Prosecution Prosecution Counsel Counsel Stenographers Stenographers Witnesses Witnesses
  34. 34. CHAPTER SUMMARY What is the basic legal philosophy of a trial in the U.S. legal7.1 system? What are the guidelines for determining which court has limited7.2 jurisdiction over a crime?7.3 What are the major pretrial proceedings?7.4 How do the Sixth Amendment and the Speedy Trial Act of 1974 affect a trial? What are the roles of the various people involved in a criminal7.5 trial?