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Ch 7


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  • 2. 2 PRETRIAL ACTIVITIES 2009 PearsonEducation, Inc
  • 3. First Appearance/Arraignment 3Before judge:-jurisidction-charges-rights-lawyer-bail CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 4. First Appearance 4McNabb v. U.S. (1943):-“without unnecessary delay”-48-72 hours CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 5. Pretrial Release RISKS: -flight/safety Consider: -charges/record/history/release options5 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 6. Pretrial Release Bail: -bond/pledge Purposes: -reassure return/prevent detention6 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 7. Preliminary Hearing Mini trial: -detention -charges/rights -prosecution case/not defense -Prima facie7 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 8. Plea Bargaining 8-prosecution/defense/victim/judge-guilty pleas-conviction-90% CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 9. 9 THE CRIMINAL TRIAL 2009 PearsonEducation, Inc
  • 10. The Nature and Purpose of the Criminal Trial: 10 Formalized:-due process-rules (formal/informal)-guilt/innocence CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 11. Stages in a Criminal Trial 11 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 12. Trial Initiation and the Speedy Trial 12 6th Amendment: -speedy/public trial Klopfer v. North Carolina (1967)  fundamental guarantee Baker v. Wingo (1972)  violated even w/o objection Strunk v. U.S. (1973) CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 13. Jury Selection  6th Amendment:  -impartial /unbiased  -voir dire13 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 14. Challenge to the Array 14-pool not representative of community-motion before voir dire CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 15. Challenge for Cause 15-juror not impartial/fair-unlimited number CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 16. Peremptory Challenge 16-without reason-limited CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 17. Jury Selection and Race 17 Batson v. Kentucky (1986): -purposeful discrimination -violation of impartial jury CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 18. The Evaluation of Evidence Judge: -relative -probative value v. inflammatory18 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 19. The Testimony of Witnesses 6th Amendment: -right to face accuser -direct/cross 19 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 20. Child Witnesses 37 states: videotape 32 states: CCTV 6th Amendment20 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 21. Judge’s Charge to the Jury Foreperson  deliberate  verdict  laws/rules21 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 22. Jury Deliberations and the Verdict Unanimous Hung jury (deadlock)22 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 23. Problems with the Jury System ignorant of law/precedent problems with objectivity CSI effect retaliation23 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY, 10E
  • 24. 7.524
  • 25. 7.525
  • 26. 7.526
  • 27. 7.527
  • 28. 7.5 Court- Court- Private Private Public Public Assigned Assigned Attorney Attorney Defender Defender Counsel Counsel
  • 29. 7.5 Prosecution Prosecution Defense Defense
  • 30. 7.530
  • 31. 7.5 Major Provisions of the Justice for All Act of 2004 (The Act amends the federal criminal code to grant crime victims specified rights.) 1. The right to be reasonably protected from the accused. 2. The right to be reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any public court proceeding or any parole proceeding involving the crime, or of any release or escape of the accused. 3. The right not to be excluded from any such public court proceeding, unless the court, after receiving clear and convincing evidence, determines that testimony by the victim would be materially altered if the victim heard other testimony at that proceeding. 4. The right to be reasonably heard at any public proceeding in the district court involving release, plea, sentencing, or any parole proceeding. 5. The reasonable right to confer with the attorney for the Government in the case. 6. The right to full and timely restitution as provided in law. 7. The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay. 8. The right to be treated with fairness and with respect for the victim’s dignity and privacy.
  • 32. 7.532
  • 33. 7.5 Sheriffs Sheriffs Clerks Clerks Judges Judges Defense Defense Prosecution Prosecution Counsel Counsel Stenographers Stenographers Witnesses Witnesses
  • 34. CHAPTER SUMMARY What is the basic legal philosophy of a trial in the U.S. legal7.1 system? What are the guidelines for determining which court has limited7.2 jurisdiction over a crime?7.3 What are the major pretrial proceedings?7.4 How do the Sixth Amendment and the Speedy Trial Act of 1974 affect a trial? What are the roles of the various people involved in a criminal7.5 trial?