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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 6The Court System
  • 2.  Arresting Trying Convicting Long time Many steps
  • 3.  Philosophy of law Settle disputes Body of written laws/codes Regulate interactions
  • 4.  Civil:-”private law”-between private parties-preponderance of the evidence Criminal:-violation of laws-Government/people violated-beyond reasonable doubt
  • 5. • Territory/subject/people• Court• Exercise lawful authority• Statute or constitution
  • 6.  Article 3 of US Constitution:The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.-Marbury v. Madison (1803)-”judicial review”-power to declare laws/acts uncosntitutional
  • 7.  100 courts for US 13 federal judicial circuits
  • 8.  8 justices/1 Chief justice-appointed by president/confirmed by senate-serve for life Appeals:-constitutional issues-not guilt/innocence-over turn convictions-not free/retrial
  • 9. Majority:-agree in outcome/reasoning (opinion)Concurring:-agree outcome/different reasonsDissenting:-disagree
  • 10.  Limited jurisdiction:-municipal/traffic General jurisdiction:-trial courts Appellate:-review transcripts-hear arguments-not guilt/innocence