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Ch 3

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  • The first carved laws in a society: -criminal (theft/violence) -civil (deeds/personal injury) Punishments followed the theory of lex talionis an eye for eye -execution -amputations -fines -no imprisonment -social status considered
  • Mosaic Law: Hebrews Moses tablets -tied to religion -uniform standard -lex talionis -punishment fit crime Roman Law- -Twelve Tables-rights of Roman citizens -death penalty and compensation -early imprisonment -exile replaced execution
  • Medieval-feudalism: -Lords/citizens/serfs -evolved from assemblies of free men in courts To -enforcement of royal rights (landholders) -Baron presided over disputes -between vassals -sought advice of other vassals (peers) -away from capital punishment-mutilation-exhibitory
  • 17 th & 18 Th Centuries Banishment Transportation 1700’s: -American colonies (lack of labor) Transportation Act of 1718 -replaced execution/punishment of its own -50,000 transported before 1775 -1788-1868-160,000 -Australia
  • Houses of Corrections (Bridewell House): -vagrants/beggars -unruly wives/children -hard work Masion de Force: -work not deterrent -learned trade
  • Early America: -various housing units-crimes/debts -1785-Castle Island -1 st state prison in US -housed people convicted
  • Pennsylvania System: -separate/ and silent -insanity and costly Auburn System: -congregate and silent -enforced with flogging Elmira Reformatory: -prepare for return to society
  • American West: -1880-Folsom-overcowded -Washington Territory -leased prisoners to industry Yuma Territorial prison: -electricity/circulated heat/library
  • Medical model (1930s): -offenders sick versus bad -exam/diagnose/treatment -personal histories/reception and diagnostic centers -Professional staff -Treatment programs -Community corrections
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 3 Correctional Practices: Ancient to contemporary
    • 2.
      • Would you rather be in prison now or 200 years ago?
      • Crime/punishment: evolved
      • -blood feuds
      • -complex legal systems
    • 3.
      • -Code of Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC)
      • laws (carved)
      • -criminal (theft/violence)
      • -civil (deeds/personal injury)
      • punishments-lex talionis
      • -execution
      • -amputations
      • -fines
      • -no imprisonment
      • -social status considered
    • 4.
      • Mosaic law: Hebrew
      • Roman Law: 451-450 BC
    • 5.
      • Medieval-feudalism:
      • -Lords/citizens/serfs
      • -assemblies of free men in courts
      • To
      • -enforcement of royal rights (landholders)
      • -Baron presided over disputes
    • 6.
      • 17 th & 18 Th Centuries
      • Banishment
      • Transportation
      • 1700’s:
      • -American colonies (lack of labor)
      • Transportation Act of 1718
      • -replaced execution
      • -50,000 transported before 1775
      • -1788-1868-160,000 -Australia
    • 7.
      • Women offenders:
      • -24, 000 women
      • -positive influence on male population
      • -brothels
      • -forced marriages
      • -stopped 1851
    • 8.
      • Prison Hulks:
      • -Ships converted to prison ships
      • -6,000
      • -30% mortality rates
      • Early incarceration:
      • -isolate-penitence/no cross ideas
      • -work
    • 9.
      • Hospice of St. Michael: misbehaving boys (Rome) 1704
      • -single cells
      • -hard work/silence-religious instruction
      • -orphans/aged & infirmed adults
      • -cell-opened into common area
    • 10.
      • Houses of Corrections (Bridewell House):
      • -hard work
      • Masion de Force:
      • -work not deterrent/learned trade
    • 11.
      • John Howard-prison reformer
      • -1779 Penitentiary Act:
      • -secure/sanitary
      • -inspections
      • -fees for services abolished
      • -discipline-reformatory
      • -solitary confienment/silence/work
    • 12.
      • Early America:
      • -various housing units-crimes/debts
      • -1785-Castle Island
      • -1 st state prison in US
    • 13.
      • Pennsylvania System:
      • -separate/silent
      • Auburn System:
      • -congregate/silent
      • Elmira Reformatory:
      • -prepare for return to society
    • 14.
      • American West:
      • -1880-Folsom-overcowded
      • -Washington Territory
      • -leased prisoners to industry
      • Yuma Territorial prison:
      • -electricity/circulated heat/library
    • 15.
      • Medical model (1930s):
      • -offenders sick
      • -exam/diagnose/treatment
      • -Professional staff
      • -Treatment programs
      • -Community corrections
    • 16.
      • Balanced Model:-equal weight
      • -deterrence
      • -rehabilitation
      • -retribution
      • -incapacitation

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