Chapter 3 Correctional Practices: Ancient to contemporary
<ul><li>Would you rather be in prison now or 200 years ago? </li></ul><ul><li>Crime/punishment: evolved </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>-Code of Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>laws (carved)  </li></ul><ul><li>-criminal (theft/violence) </...
<ul><li>Mosaic law: Hebrew </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Law: 451-450 BC </li></ul>
<ul><li>Medieval-feudalism: </li></ul><ul><li>-Lords/citizens/serfs </li></ul><ul><li>-assemblies of free men in courts </...
<ul><li>17 th  & 18 Th  Centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Banishment </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>1700’s: ...
<ul><li>Women offenders: </li></ul><ul><li>-24, 000 women </li></ul><ul><li>-positive influence on male population </li></...
<ul><li>Prison Hulks: </li></ul><ul><li>-Ships converted to prison ships </li></ul><ul><li>-6,000 </li></ul><ul><li>-30% m...
<ul><li>Hospice of St. Michael: misbehaving boys (Rome) 1704 </li></ul><ul><li>-single cells </li></ul><ul><li>-hard work/...
<ul><li>Houses of Corrections (Bridewell House): </li></ul><ul><li>-hard work </li></ul><ul><li>Masion de Force: </li></ul...
<ul><li>John Howard-prison reformer </li></ul><ul><li>-1779 Penitentiary Act: </li></ul><ul><li>-secure/sanitary </li></ul...
<ul><li>Early America: </li></ul><ul><li>-various housing units-crimes/debts </li></ul><ul><li>-1785-Castle Island </li></...
<ul><li>Pennsylvania System: </li></ul><ul><li>-separate/silent </li></ul><ul><li>Auburn System: </li></ul><ul><li>-congre...
<ul><li>American West: </li></ul><ul><li>-1880-Folsom-overcowded  </li></ul><ul><li>-Washington Territory </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Medical model (1930s): </li></ul><ul><li>-offenders sick </li></ul><ul><li>-exam/diagnose/treatment </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Balanced Model:-equal weight </li></ul><ul><li>-deterrence </li></ul><ul><li>-rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>-re...
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Ch 3

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  • The first carved laws in a society: -criminal (theft/violence) -civil (deeds/personal injury) Punishments followed the theory of lex talionis an eye for eye -execution -amputations -fines -no imprisonment -social status considered
  • Mosaic Law: Hebrews Moses tablets -tied to religion -uniform standard -lex talionis -punishment fit crime Roman Law- -Twelve Tables-rights of Roman citizens -death penalty and compensation -early imprisonment -exile replaced execution
  • Medieval-feudalism: -Lords/citizens/serfs -evolved from assemblies of free men in courts To -enforcement of royal rights (landholders) -Baron presided over disputes -between vassals -sought advice of other vassals (peers) -away from capital punishment-mutilation-exhibitory
  • 17 th &amp; 18 Th Centuries Banishment Transportation 1700’s: -American colonies (lack of labor) Transportation Act of 1718 -replaced execution/punishment of its own -50,000 transported before 1775 -1788-1868-160,000 -Australia
  • Houses of Corrections (Bridewell House): -vagrants/beggars -unruly wives/children -hard work Masion de Force: -work not deterrent -learned trade
  • Early America: -various housing units-crimes/debts -1785-Castle Island -1 st state prison in US -housed people convicted
  • Pennsylvania System: -separate/ and silent -insanity and costly Auburn System: -congregate and silent -enforced with flogging Elmira Reformatory: -prepare for return to society
  • American West: -1880-Folsom-overcowded -Washington Territory -leased prisoners to industry Yuma Territorial prison: -electricity/circulated heat/library
  • Medical model (1930s): -offenders sick versus bad -exam/diagnose/treatment -personal histories/reception and diagnostic centers -Professional staff -Treatment programs -Community corrections
  • Ch 3

    1. 1. Chapter 3 Correctional Practices: Ancient to contemporary
    2. 2. <ul><li>Would you rather be in prison now or 200 years ago? </li></ul><ul><li>Crime/punishment: evolved </li></ul><ul><li>-blood feuds </li></ul><ul><li>-complex legal systems </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>-Code of Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>laws (carved) </li></ul><ul><li>-criminal (theft/violence) </li></ul><ul><li>-civil (deeds/personal injury) </li></ul><ul><li>punishments-lex talionis </li></ul><ul><li>-execution </li></ul><ul><li>-amputations </li></ul><ul><li>-fines </li></ul><ul><li>-no imprisonment </li></ul><ul><li>-social status considered </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Mosaic law: Hebrew </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Law: 451-450 BC </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Medieval-feudalism: </li></ul><ul><li>-Lords/citizens/serfs </li></ul><ul><li>-assemblies of free men in courts </li></ul><ul><li>To </li></ul><ul><li>-enforcement of royal rights (landholders) </li></ul><ul><li>-Baron presided over disputes </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>17 th & 18 Th Centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Banishment </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>1700’s: </li></ul><ul><li>-American colonies (lack of labor) </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Act of 1718 </li></ul><ul><li>-replaced execution </li></ul><ul><li>-50,000 transported before 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>-1788-1868-160,000 -Australia </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Women offenders: </li></ul><ul><li>-24, 000 women </li></ul><ul><li>-positive influence on male population </li></ul><ul><li>-brothels </li></ul><ul><li>-forced marriages </li></ul><ul><li>-stopped 1851 </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Prison Hulks: </li></ul><ul><li>-Ships converted to prison ships </li></ul><ul><li>-6,000 </li></ul><ul><li>-30% mortality rates </li></ul><ul><li>Early incarceration: </li></ul><ul><li>-isolate-penitence/no cross ideas </li></ul><ul><li>-work </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Hospice of St. Michael: misbehaving boys (Rome) 1704 </li></ul><ul><li>-single cells </li></ul><ul><li>-hard work/silence-religious instruction </li></ul><ul><li>-orphans/aged & infirmed adults </li></ul><ul><li>-cell-opened into common area </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Houses of Corrections (Bridewell House): </li></ul><ul><li>-hard work </li></ul><ul><li>Masion de Force: </li></ul><ul><li>-work not deterrent/learned trade </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>John Howard-prison reformer </li></ul><ul><li>-1779 Penitentiary Act: </li></ul><ul><li>-secure/sanitary </li></ul><ul><li>-inspections </li></ul><ul><li>-fees for services abolished </li></ul><ul><li>-discipline-reformatory </li></ul><ul><li>-solitary confienment/silence/work </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Early America: </li></ul><ul><li>-various housing units-crimes/debts </li></ul><ul><li>-1785-Castle Island </li></ul><ul><li>-1 st state prison in US </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Pennsylvania System: </li></ul><ul><li>-separate/silent </li></ul><ul><li>Auburn System: </li></ul><ul><li>-congregate/silent </li></ul><ul><li>Elmira Reformatory: </li></ul><ul><li>-prepare for return to society </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>American West: </li></ul><ul><li>-1880-Folsom-overcowded </li></ul><ul><li>-Washington Territory </li></ul><ul><li>-leased prisoners to industry </li></ul><ul><li>Yuma Territorial prison: </li></ul><ul><li>-electricity/circulated heat/library </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Medical model (1930s): </li></ul><ul><li>-offenders sick </li></ul><ul><li>-exam/diagnose/treatment </li></ul><ul><li>-Professional staff </li></ul><ul><li>-Treatment programs </li></ul><ul><li>-Community corrections </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Balanced Model:-equal weight </li></ul><ul><li>-deterrence </li></ul><ul><li>-rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>-retribution </li></ul><ul><li>-incapacitation </li></ul>
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