Sentence Structure Week 1 Warisa Suksomboon Chulalongkorn University Language Institute
Simple Sentence <ul><li>Simple Sentence Structure (Worksheet) </li></ul>08/04/09 Subject Predicate Noun phrase Verb phrase...
Simple Sentence <ul><li>ball boy the kicked </li></ul>08/04/09 1. A sentence is a group of words that makes sense on its o...
Simple Sentence <ul><li>boy kicked ball the </li></ul>08/04/09 The boy kicked the ball. 2. When you are writing, you need ...
Simple Sentence <ul><li>boy kicked ball the </li></ul>08/04/09 The boy kicked the ball. 3. A sentence also needs AT LEAST ...
Simple Sentence <ul><li>Simple Sentence Structure ( Worksheet ) </li></ul><ul><li>Work in   group of 3   (10 minutes) </li...
Group Work   (15 minutes) <ul><li>Work in groups of 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http :// www . bbc . ...
Other things to know about the sentences <ul><li>There is no correct number of words that should be in a sentence.  The le...
Other things to know about the sentences 08/04/09 Short sentences It sounds choppy. Long sentences It sounds boring. The b...
How do I make a compound sentence? <ul><li>When you have two or more short, simple sentences which are of equal weight, yo...
How do I make a compound sentence? 08/04/09 I hate curry. I like Thai food. a simple sentence a simple sentence but I hate...
How do I make a complex sentence? <ul><li>A complex sentence contains a  simple sentence  or a complete short sentence and...
How do I make a complex sentence? <ul><li>I learned English grammar very quickly because it is very easy.  </li></ul>08/04...
Structure is the  ! 08/04/09
Sentence Problems !!! <ul><li>Fragments </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Choppy sentences </li></ul><u...
Fragments <ul><li>Fragments are incomplete sentences.  </li></ul><ul><li>They are incomplete because they lack either a su...
Fragments <ul><li>On December 25, 1776, Washington his troops across the icy Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey. </li...
Fragments <ul><li>Raphael had finished his homework. Before his mother came home from the grocery store. </li></ul>08/04/0...
Fragments 08/04/09 Purdue offers many majors in engineering. Such as electrical, chemical, and industrial engineering.  Pu...
Fragments <ul><li>Will open the store at 10.00. </li></ul>08/04/09 Check… Subject + V erb <ul><li>She  will open the store...
Fragments <ul><li>Use this simple three-part test to find out which of the following word groups are fragments and which a...
Fragments <ul><ul><li>1. Does the group of words have a subject? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Does it have a verb? </li><...
Run-ons <ul><li>A  run-on  is when two or more sentences are joined without connecting words or punctuation. </li></ul>08/...
Run-ons <ul><li>Margaret Bourke-White was a famous photographer she worked for Life magazine during World War II </li></ul...
Run-ons <ul><li>Our dog finally came home late last night she was dirty and hungry. </li></ul>08/04/09 RUN-ON CORRECT <ul>...
Run-ons <ul><li>The Chinese sometimes used kites in religious ceremonies, they usually use them for sport. </li></ul>08/04...
Run-ons 08/04/09 Getting married is easy staying married is another matter. Getting married is easy , but   staying marrie...
Choppy Sentences <ul><li>Too many short simple sentences can make your writing and ideas seem disconnected.  </li></ul>08/...
Choppy Sentences <ul><li>She took dance classes. She had no sense of rhythm. She gave up the idea of being a dancer. </li>...
Choppy Sentences <ul><li>The boy asked his father a question. The boy is five years old. The question was about death. </l...
Stringy Sentences <ul><li>Stringy sentences  are sentences with too many independent clauses usually connected with  and ,...
Stringy Sentences <ul><li>My   family left our homeland, and we lived in a refugee camp for several months, but finally we...
Practice! <ul><li>Sentence Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http :// www . quia . com / pop / 13222 . html?AP_rand = 1566296...
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Sentence Structure, Sentence Problems, Transitions And Punctuation

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This is for 1st year students of CU who registered the Experiential English I course only.

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Sentence Structure, Sentence Problems, Transitions And Punctuation

  1. 1. Sentence Structure Week 1 Warisa Suksomboon Chulalongkorn University Language Institute
  2. 2. Simple Sentence <ul><li>Simple Sentence Structure (Worksheet) </li></ul>08/04/09 Subject Predicate Noun phrase Verb phrase What or who the sentence is about. What the subject is doing / what state it is in. object complement Action verbs Stative verbs
  3. 3. Simple Sentence <ul><li>ball boy the kicked </li></ul>08/04/09 1. A sentence is a group of words that makes sense on its own. The boy kicked the ball.
  4. 4. Simple Sentence <ul><li>boy kicked ball the </li></ul>08/04/09 The boy kicked the ball. 2. When you are writing, you need to use the right sentence punctuation.
  5. 5. Simple Sentence <ul><li>boy kicked ball the </li></ul>08/04/09 The boy kicked the ball. 3. A sentence also needs AT LEAST two kinds of words in it. Subject Verb Object
  6. 6. Simple Sentence <ul><li>Simple Sentence Structure ( Worksheet ) </li></ul><ul><li>Work in group of 3 (10 minutes) </li></ul>08/04/09 <ul><li>Check the answers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Group Work (15 minutes) <ul><li>Work in groups of 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http :// www . bbc . co . uk / skillswise / words / grammar / sentencebasics / whatisasentence / flash4 . shtml </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer what a sentence is. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Go to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.gamequarium.com/sentencestucture.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Click and play games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sentence 1 - 4 </li></ul></ul>08/04/09
  8. 8. Other things to know about the sentences <ul><li>There is no correct number of words that should be in a sentence. The length of the sentence depends on what you want to say. </li></ul>08/04/09
  9. 9. Other things to know about the sentences 08/04/09 Short sentences It sounds choppy. Long sentences It sounds boring. The best writing will consist of a mixture short and long sentences.
  10. 10. How do I make a compound sentence? <ul><li>When you have two or more short, simple sentences which are of equal weight, you can join them together using special words called coordinating conjunctions (and, but, so, or) . </li></ul>08/04/09
  11. 11. How do I make a compound sentence? 08/04/09 I hate curry. I like Thai food. a simple sentence a simple sentence but I hate curry, but I like Thai food.
  12. 12. How do I make a complex sentence? <ul><li>A complex sentence contains a simple sentence or a complete short sentence and one or more dependent clauses that depend on the conjunction for its meaning. </li></ul>08/04/09
  13. 13. How do I make a complex sentence? <ul><li>I learned English grammar very quickly because it is very easy. </li></ul>08/04/09 Incomplete thought Dependent clause <ul><li>Because English grammar is very easy, I learned it very quickly. </li></ul>Complete thought Independent clause The conjunction which joins a subordinate clause to a main clause, is called a subordinating conjunction (because, if, since, although, ect.). Subordinate clause main clause
  14. 14. Structure is the ! 08/04/09
  15. 15. Sentence Problems !!! <ul><li>Fragments </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Choppy sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Stringy sentences </li></ul>08/04/09
  16. 16. Fragments <ul><li>Fragments are incomplete sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>They are incomplete because they lack either a subject or a verb, or both. </li></ul><ul><li>*** Often, fragments are the result of writing in a hurry or being a little careless. </li></ul>08/04/09
  17. 17. Fragments <ul><li>On December 25, 1776, Washington his troops across the icy Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey. </li></ul>08/04/09 FRAGMENT SENTENCE The verb is missing. What did Washington do on December 25, 1776? <ul><li>On December 25, 1776, Washington led his troops across the icy Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fragments <ul><li>Raphael had finished his homework. Before his mother came home from the grocery store. </li></ul>08/04/09 FRAGMENT SENTENCE The second word group is a fragment and belongs with the sentence before it. <ul><li>Raphael had finished his homework before his mother came home from the grocery store. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Fragments 08/04/09 Purdue offers many majors in engineering. Such as electrical, chemical, and industrial engineering. Purdue offers many majors in engineering , s uch as electrical, chemical, and industrial engineering.
  20. 20. Fragments <ul><li>Will open the store at 10.00. </li></ul>08/04/09 Check… Subject + V erb <ul><li>She will open the store at 10.00. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Fragments <ul><li>Use this simple three-part test to find out which of the following word groups are fragments and which are complete sentences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the group of words have a subject? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it have a verb? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it express a complete thought? </li></ul></ul>08/04/09
  22. 22. Fragments <ul><ul><li>1. Does the group of words have a subject? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Does it have a verb? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Does it express a complete thought? </li></ul></ul>08/04/09 <ul><li>Raised by her grandmother because both of her parents had died by the time she was ten. </li></ul><ul><li>Because she felt strongly about the struggles of children and minorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Eleanor Roosevelt traveled all over the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Important role in forming the United Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>After a long life of public service, died in 1962. </li></ul>FRAGMENT FRAGMENT FRAGMENT FRAGMENT SENTENCE
  23. 23. Run-ons <ul><li>A run-on is when two or more sentences are joined without connecting words or punctuation. </li></ul>08/04/09
  24. 24. Run-ons <ul><li>Margaret Bourke-White was a famous photographer she worked for Life magazine during World War II </li></ul>08/04/09 RUN-ON CORRECT <ul><li>Margaret Bourke-White was a famous photographer . S he worked for Life magazine during World War II </li></ul>
  25. 25. Run-ons <ul><li>Our dog finally came home late last night she was dirty and hungry. </li></ul>08/04/09 RUN-ON CORRECT <ul><li>Our dog finally came home late last night . S he was dirty and hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>Two ways to revise run-on sentences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make two sentences. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Run-ons <ul><li>The Chinese sometimes used kites in religious ceremonies, they usually use them for sport. </li></ul>08/04/09 RUN-ON CORRECT <ul><li>The Chinese sometimes used kites in religious ceremonies , but they usually use them for sport. </li></ul><ul><li>Two ways to revise run-on sentences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction such as and, but, or or . </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Run-ons 08/04/09 Getting married is easy staying married is another matter. Getting married is easy , but staying married is another matter.  but Although getting married is easy , staying married is another matter. Although Getting married is easy. Staying married is another matter. 
  28. 28. Choppy Sentences <ul><li>Too many short simple sentences can make your writing and ideas seem disconnected. </li></ul>08/04/09
  29. 29. Choppy Sentences <ul><li>She took dance classes. She had no sense of rhythm. She gave up the idea of being a dancer. </li></ul>08/04/09 <ul><li>She took dance classes, but she had no sense of rhythm, so she gave up the idea of being a dancer. </li></ul>Show logical connections between ideas by using words that show cause and effect, and words that show contrast.
  30. 30. Choppy Sentences <ul><li>The boy asked his father a question. The boy is five years old. The question was about death. </li></ul>08/04/09 <ul><li>The five-year-old boy asked his father a question about death </li></ul>You don’t need a new sentence for each piece of information, so you can integrate minor details. Examine your own writing carefully. Do you use too many short sentences? If you do, practice combining them.
  31. 31. Stringy Sentences <ul><li>Stringy sentences are sentences with too many independent clauses usually connected with and , but , so , and because , forming one very long sentence </li></ul>08/04/09
  32. 32. Stringy Sentences <ul><li>My family left our homeland, and we lived in a refugee camp for several months, but finally we got our documents, so we traveled to Canada, and we live there now. </li></ul>08/04/09 <ul><li>After my family left our homeland, we lived in a refugee camp for several months. As soon as we got our documents, we traveled to Canada, where we live now. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Practice! <ul><li>Sentence Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http :// www . quia . com / pop / 13222 . html?AP_rand = 1566296081 </li></ul></ul>08/04/09

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