Presentation on EMPLOYEE SAFETY AND HEALTH SUBMITTED TO: COL (R) LIAQUAT ALI JAFFERI SUBMITTED BYS.M. SAAD HASHMI KUMAIL HASAN ABID SYED WAQASBM-25541 BM-25598 BM-25783 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (MGT-501) SUBMISSION DATE: June 30th, 2012
INTRODUCTIONOver the past century the companies in our country had to make enormous changes in how theytreat their staff. There are still many companies that try to find a way around the duties theadministration outlines for them to follow.The Federal laws that are engineered to protect all staff may appear completely out of place invaried work settings, but the primary goal is to insure the health and safety at work for all theones that are employedUnder safety and health law, the first responsibility for that is down to companies. As anemployee, you have a duty to look after your own health and safety at work and that of otherswho might be influenced by your actions.
Your safety and health at work:• All employees must know their rights and responsibilities regarding their safety andhealth at work.• They should be aware of the general laws applicable to them.• All employees have entitlement to rest breaks and paid vacations• If you’re off sick from work and anxious about your job, you’ll find out practical information on what can be done• In the case of corporations that produce large items the health and safety at work fortheir staff may involve the right foot gear, shades, ear protectors and other protectingapparel• Safety and health at work for those employed by a legal company or accounting company would involve confidentiality, and cover against pissed off clients.• Health and safety at work for those in the medical field involves proper disposal ofdangerous waste, ensuring to sterilize areas after patients have used them and consistent privatecleanliness to avoid spreading contagions.
MANAGEMENT’S ROLE IN EMPLOYEE SAFETYThere are a number of strategies that can be used by organizations to ensure a healthy and safeworkplace and ensure compliance with legal requirements. Some are: Design • Safe and healthy systems of works Exhibit • Strong management commitment Inspect • Workplace for health and safety problems • Procedures and controls for dealing with Establish health and safety issues
MANAGEMENT’S ROLE IN EMPLOYEE SAFETY(cont) Develop • Training programs Set up • Health and safety committees Monitor • Safety policies Draw up • Action plan and checklist
SUPERVISOR’S ROLE IN EMPLOYEE SAFETYSupervisors Must:• Monitor their workplaces frequently to identify unsafe or unhealthful conditions• Take prompt action to correct hazardous conditions• If a serious hazard is detected take immediate interim action to safeguard employees• Encourage employees to report unsafe or unhealthful conditions• Seek suggestions from employees for improvement of workplace conditionsInvestigate workplace accidents:• Investigate workplace mishaps and take prompt corrective action necessary to ensure the safety and health of employees• Institute actions to prevent recurrence of accidents
Ensure employees are adequately trained to perform the work safely:• Prior to permitting employees to work with machine tools, chemicals, powered machinery,electrical systems, lasers and other such equipment, or enter confined spaces, operate forklifts,work in elevated locations or perform similar hazardous work, they must receive specializedtraining. Contact the Safety Office to obtain the requirements for such training.• Inform employees of the procedures to follow in the event of an emergency• Inform employees of any unique hazards in the workplace and how to identify them• Inform employees of how to report unsafe or unhealthful conditions• Inform employees of actions to take in the event of a work-related injury• Maintain records of safety training provided, such as lesson plans, rosters, list of audio-visual and other materials usedEnsure that employees perform work in a safe manner:• Monitor employee behavior to ensure that work is being performed safely• Take prompt action to correct any unsafe or unhealthful actions or behavior.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY LAW • The main law, which governs these issues, is in Factories Act, 1934. AllMain Law the provinces, under this act, have devised Factories Rules • Dock Laborers Act, 1934 • Mines Act, 1923 • Workmen Compensation Act, 1923 Other related • Provincial Employees Social Security Ordinance, 1965 Laws are: • West Pakistan Shops and Establishments Ordinance, 1969 • Boilers and Pressure Vessels Ordinance, 2002 • Cleanliness • Disposal of wastes and effluents How Labor Laws • Ventilation and temperature covers these issues • Dust and fume • Artificial humidification. • Overcrowding • Lighting • Drinking water
RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS OF EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEES Employers must: Employees must: 1. Properly orientate, train and supervise staff to ensure safe work practices are understood and followed by all1. Work safely to protect them self and employees. others from injury and follow all OHS instructions, for example: 2. Consult with all employees, including YW, about decisions that will affect safety in the workplace.Wear all personal protective equipment provided. 3. Provide suitable personal protective equipmentFollow safe work procedures. (PPE) to make sure workers can do their job safely and train workers how to use PPE correctly.2. Report any OHS issues, including hazards, 4. Be aware of employers’ legal obligations under injuries, illnesses and near misses. the NSW Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000 and the NSW Occupational Health and Safety Regulation 2001 and meet those obligations in full.
WHAT CAUSES ACCIDENTS?Unsafe Conditions and Unsafe Acts. Unsafe conditions and other work related factors Unsafe conditions: The mechanical and physics accidents. Unsafe conditions are a main cause of accidents. They include thing like: 1) Improperly guarded equipment 2) Defective equipment 3) Hazardous procedures in, on , or around machines or equipment 4) Unsafe storage – congestion, overloading 5) Improper illumination – glare insufficient light. 6) Improper ventilation – insufficient air change, impure air source.
It’s No “Accident”
Having an Accident PreventionProgram is Good for Your Business
HOW TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS?Improving Workplace Safety with the 10-Step Accident Prevention Plan Recordkeeping and Data Analysis Timely Notification of Safety and Health Accidents: Program Orientation and Coordination Training Written Safety & Timely Health Policy Notification of Regular Accidents Communications Disability Management Employee Involvement and Visible, Active Recognition Senior Management Leadership:
REDUCING UNSAFE ACTS THROUGH SELECTION AND PLACEMENT The study found that Employees did develop consistent Proper employees screening and perceptions concerning supervisory placement can reduce unsafe acts safety practices Using the ERI in the selection process did These safety climate perceptions seem to be associated with reductions inpredicted safety records in the months following the survey. work related accidents
PROBLEMS AND REMEDIES Typical workplace exposure hazards1. Chemicals and other hazardous materials.2. Excessive noise and vibrations.3. Temperature extremes.4. Biohazards including those that are normally occurring (such as mold) and manmade (such as anthrax).5. Ergonomics hazards such as poorly designed equipment that forces workers to do their jobs while contorted in unnatural positions.6. And, the more familiar safety-related hazards such as slippery floors and blocked passageways.
PROBLEMS AND REMEDIESEmployers can take a number of steps to prevent the entry or spread of infectious diseases likeSARS into their workplaces. These include:1. Closely monitor CDC travel alerts. The CDC issues travel advisories (which recommend deferring nonessential travel) and travel alerts (which simply inform travelers of health concerns and provides precaution). You can access this information at www.cdc.gov.2. Provide a daily medical screenings for employees returning from SARS infected areas.3. Deny access to your facility for 10 days to employees or visitors returning from affected areas, particularly those have had contact with suspected infected individuals4. Tell employees to say home if they have a fever or respiratory system symptoms.5. Clean work area and surfaces regularly.6. Stagger breaks. Offer several lunch periods to reduce overcrowding.7. Emphasize to employees the importance of frequent hand washing, and make sanitizers containing easily available throughout the workplace.