Apa style


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Apa style

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Apa style

  1. 1. MARIA MAZHAR <ul><li>BY: </li></ul>
  2. 2. APA Style APA stands for American Psychological Association, APA Style is a set of rules that authors must use when submitting papers for publications in APA journals. .
  3. 3. Uses of APA STYLE <ul><li>Research Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Provide readers with cues they can use to follow your ideas more efficiently and to locate information of interest to them </li></ul><ul><li>Allow readers to focus more on your ideas by not distracting them with unfamiliar formatting </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elements of APA styles <ul><li>Impersonal Style </li></ul><ul><li>Verb, Tenses </li></ul><ul><li>Biased Language </li></ul><ul><li>Citation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Guidelines for Typing <ul><li>27 lines per page </li></ul><ul><li>Text should have a straight left hand margin </li></ul><ul><li>Font Size should be 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Indent the first line of each paragraphs 5 to 7 spaces </li></ul>
  6. 6. Manuscript Pages <ul><li>Title Page </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  7. 7. TITLE PAGE The title of the page, the author name(s) & other identifing information.
  8. 8. AN APA-STYLE TITLE PAGE <ul><li>Page Header & </li></ul><ul><li>Page Number </li></ul><ul><li>Max. 50 characters </li></ul><ul><li>Centre Title </li></ul><ul><li>Author Names & </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliations </li></ul>Neuropsychological impairment 1 IMPAIRMENT IN SOCCER ATHLETES (Running Head) Neuropsychological impairment in soccer athletes Danielle Symons Downs University of Florida David Abwender State University of New York College at Brockport
  9. 9. ABSTRACT The abstract is a brief summary of the research study. The abstract focues on what was done and what was found in the study.
  10. 10. AN APA-STYLE ABSTRACT <ul><li>Begin a new page </li></ul><ul><li>Center </li></ul><ul><li>No Indent </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of problem </li></ul><ul><li>Describe Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Describe Method & Results </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion Or Implications </li></ul>Neuropsychological impairment 2 Abstract Soccer reportedly places participants at risk for Neuropsychological impairment.Althogh it is unknown that the risk is primarily with conclusion, sub conclusive blows from heading the ball or some combination thereof. Participants were 32 soccer players (26 college and 6 professional) and 29 swimmers. The older soccer athletes performed poorly on measure of conceptual thinking, reaction time and concentration. The results provide additional evidence that participation in soccer may be associated with poorer neuropsychological performance, although the observed pattern of findings does not specifically implicate heading as the cause.
  11. 11. TEXT <ul><li>TEXT: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ It is the body of research report, containing four sections, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. “ MEAN” <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Mean is the central value of an arranged numerical data. It is a very useful tool in predicting the results from numerical data </li></ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>The method is defined as under: </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Method for calculating the mean of any given data is, just add all the values and divide their sum by the sum of total numbers or entries representing digits. Lets take an example that we are supposed to find the approximate temperature for the month of JUNE, with the help of given temperatures of the following months? April 30 May 35 June ? July 35 August 30
  14. 14. <ul><li>Results The answer is 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>The example can help us in solving various problems of our life relating with the numerical facts </li></ul>