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Manufacturingofmicroprocessor 120813121945-phpapp02



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  • 1. Microprocessor By: waqar ahmad
  • 2. Agenda   • Introduction. • CPU. • Memory. • What is the Microprocessor? • Kinds of Processors. • Features & Benefits. • Kinds of Desktop & Laptop Processors. • How to Choose the Right Processor.
  • 3. Preliminary Discussion• Integrated circuit: An electronic circuit designed to perform some function, in which the electronic components (transistors, resistors, diodes, capacitors, etc.) are miniaturized, built into a small "chip" made of silicon and interconnected through tiny strands of aluminum. More commonly referred to as "microchips", or "IC chips“• The chip found inside of a "musical" birthday card contain only a few dozen components, whereas a Pentium processor today contains over 800 million transistors! When an integrated circuit is extremely complex, it is usually known as a microprocessor.
  • 4. What is a Microprocessor ? • The entire CPU with timing and control functions on a single chip is known as Microprocessor. Therefore a Microprocessor or MPU is an integrated circuit that contains many processing capabilities of a large computer.
  • 5. Memory: • Rom (Read only Memory): ROM generally contains permanently stored data that cannot be changed. It can be read but not written into. The main feature of ROMs is that they are non-volatile, which means that the information stored in them is not lost when the power is removed. • Ram (Random Access Memory): RAM is memory that can be read or written to. RAM is actually read/write memory. RAM memory is volatile memory, that is, it is lost whenever the power is switched off.
  • 6. Central Processing Unite: • The Central Processing unit or CPU controls the operation of the computer.
  • 7. Features & Benefits: • Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0: dynamically increases the processors frequency as needed by taking advantage of thermal and power headroom when operating below specified limits. • Intel® HT Technology: allows each core of your processor to work on two tasks at the same time. • Intel® HD Graphics 3000: delivers built-in performance for casual and mainstream gaming with no extra graphics hardware needed. • Intel® Quick Sync Video: makes editing and sharing videos simple.
  • 8. Kinds of Desktop & LaptopProcessors:
  • 9. Intel® Core i3: • Laptop: Cores/Threads 2/4 Cache 3MB Clock Speed 1.20-2.66 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics • Desktop: Cores/Threads 2/4 Cache 3-4MB Clock Speed 2.5-3.4 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics
  • 10. Intel® Core i5: • Laptop: Cores/Threads 2/4 Cache 3MB Clock Speed 1.20-2.66 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology • Desktop: Cores/Threads 2-4/4 Cache 3-8MB Clock Speed 2.3-3.6 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology
  • 11. Intel® Core i7 Extreme : • Laptop: Cores/Threads 4/8 Cache 8MB Clock Speed 2.00-2.7 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology • Desktop: Cores/Threads 6/12 Cache 8-15MB Clock Speed 3.2-3.46 GHz HT technology – Turbo Boost technology
  • 12. Intel® Core i7: • Laptop: Cores/Threads 2-4/4-8 Cache 4-8MB Clock Speed 1.06-2.80 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology • Desktop: Cores/Threads 4-6/8-12 Cache 8-12MB Clock Speed 2.53-3.50 GHz HT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology
  • 13. How to Choose the Right Processor: • How will you use your computer? • How will you enjoy photos and videos? • How will you communicate with other? • What kinds of games will you play? • Which performance you need? • How many program you want run at once time?
  • 14.    Bill Gates    to be a good professionalengineer always start to study late for exams because it teaches you how to managetime and tackle emergencies.
  • 15. Thank you.