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  1. 1. shakespeare<br />Wan Wei Ren (2P131)<br />
  2. 2. Shakespeare<br />Greatest writer in the English language<br />World’s pre-eminent dramatist<br />English national poet and “Bard of Avon”<br />Baptised 26 April 1564 (birth date unknown), died: 23 April 1616 (aged 52)<br />Married Anne Hathaway, 26, at 18<br />Survived by three children, Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith<br />
  3. 3. Shakespeare’s childhood<br />Son of John Shakespeare (a successful golver and alderman)<br />& Mary Arden (daughter of an affluent landowning farmer<br />Educated at King’s New School at Stratford<br />Attended school until 13 and helped out with father’s failing business<br />
  4. 4. Interesting facts<br />Died on St. George’s Day<br />Wrote 37 plays & 154 sonnets throughout life<br />There are 15 million pages on Shakespeare on the web<br />Tottenhamfootball club was named after Harry Hotspur - one of Shakespeare's characters in Henry IV <br />Shakespeare invented the noun “watchdog”<br />
  5. 5. plays<br />Well received because they portrayed many human experiences which transcended beyond the social statuses across the board like love, hate, greed<br />A total of 37 plays were written <br />General Genres: Comedies, Tragedies, Histories<br />
  6. 6. Social status<br />Born into a middle-class family<br />After marriage, worked as an actor at first<br />Wealthy enough to buy New Place, the largest house in Stratford<br />A high-class in old age<br />
  7. 7. London<br />Beggars in England<br />Elizabeth I<br />Globe Theatre<br />ENGLAND <br /> IN<br />SHAKESPEARE’S<br /> TIME<br />
  8. 8. Significant events<br />Nine years war (Irish clans + Spain V.S. England, Kingdom of Ireland)<br />Desmond rebellions (FitzGeralds of Desmond V.S. Kingdom of England)<br />Ridolfi plot (plot in 1570 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots <br />Essex rebellion (rebellion led by Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex in 1601 in order to increase his influence in court. <br />
  9. 9. Ruler of england<br />Queen Elizabeth I<br />Born 7thSeptember 1533<br />Queen on 17th November 1558<br />Coronation on 15th January 1559<br />Died on 24th March 1603<br />Daughter of Henry VIII<br />
  10. 10. Theatres <br />Originating from mobile stages, theatres establish outside London, escaping censorship of London<br />
  11. 11. RENAISSANCE<br />
  12. 12. renaissance<br />French for 'rebirth', or Rinascimento in Italian<br />Acultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe.<br />It encompassed the revival of learning based on classical sources, the rise of courtly and papal patronage, the development of perspective in painting, and advancements in science.<br />Best know for its artistic aspect and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who have become known as "Renaissance men"<br />
  13. 13. Significant events<br />15th Century development of a rabies vaccine making domestication of cattle possible.<br />The German voyage of Christopher Columbus which brought Tomatoes, Chocolate, and Corn to the new world, making mass-agriculture possible.<br />Idea of humanism and free thinking was formulated<br />Printing press was invented. Allowed more books to be produced in a given time<br />
  14. 14. Significant events<br />The Reformation was started in 1517 when Martin Luther wrote the 95 theses which were against the churches bad practices, which led to reforms in the church and the creation of Protestantism.<br />The discovery of perspective. This bore immediate fruit in the art of painting, which made paintings much more life like than they ever had been. It also made accurate architectural drawings possible.<br />The invention of the telescope, which Galileo used to show that the Moon had mountains and craters and that Jupiter had moons.<br />
  15. 15. Significant events<br />The discovery of a route around Africa to India.<br />The "discovery" of the New World (Americas)<br />The Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion of the Jews and Muslims from Spain.<br />The Copernican revolution.<br />Textual criticism. By comparing documents in the same language that were supposedly from the same period, scholars discovered that important documents like the Donation of Constantine (which the Papacy used to argue that it had wide temporal powers throughout Italy and the Holy Roman Empire) were fake. This process also spurred the comparison of Biblical texts from different languages.<br />
  16. 16. How the renaissance affected Shakespeare's works<br />Renaissance was the rebirth of learning<br />New ideas were created, people were more open to unconventional plays, stories or art<br />Allowed Shakespeare to create plays reflecting the period during the renaissance<br />Shakespeare was inspired to write Othello, which reflected conflicts of fate and individualism<br />