II : Leicester free running park opens The £40,000 funding was awarded through the Youth Opportunity Fund following a successful bid by the teenagers. Free running group Leicester Parkour applied for city council funding and helped design the park, which will open to the public on July 24. Free running, or parkour, is a form of urban acrobatics involving jumping off buildings and bouncing between benches, phone boxes and street signs. The group was founded in 2007 with the help of the estates Magpie Youth Club, which helped the 11 teenagers to apply for a grant.
Congested goods The The availability Its marginal for using this congested cost ofpark will be exist additional goodsuntil it reaches at consumer some quantity isnt zero. of citizen used
I : Health Government provides care blueprintsThe first framework will provide standards for coronary heart disease. This will be theblueprint for all services offered to people with coronary heart disease up and downthe country.These standards will be monitored by the Commission for Health Improvement whichis due to established in 1999-2000.
pure public goodNon-payers can Consumption intake a free ride and care blueprints byenjoy the benefits of one person doescare blueprint. All not reduce thethe patients will availability of careconsume the same blueprints toquantity of pure others.public good .
III : Probe finds China train crash “avoidable” High-speed rail crash Public outrage was completely avoidable The probe had found design defects Suspending approval of the new railway Recalling 54 bullet trains
Mitigating the Effects of Climate Change programme is public goods Collectively consume1. One person’s consumption does not prevent another person Public goods It is impossible to exclude one to derive benefit
Altrunism and Voluntary provision of public goods Researcher Context Tools Study people Personal Lenne Ma altrunism affects Meaningful Katerina their behaviour in Profile (PMP) Sherstyyuk a voluntary Malcolm Dowling contribution to Oliver Hill public goods and investigate the Voluntary difference of Contribution contribution Mechanism among people (VCM)
Altrunism and Voluntary provision of public goods Voluntary Contribution Personal Meaningful Profile (PMP)VCM show how much Altrunism 57 questions 7 Levelsthe subject contribute Voluntary Contribution Altrunist ,Intermediate Mechanism (VCM) and Non Altrunist
BEHAVIORAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ECONOMICS PMLGROUP EXPERIMENT VCM RESULT
Conclusion 1 2 3Any populalist policy Global Public goods Let’s pay attentiongovernment is worldly collective to the any provisionpromised to citizen consumption that be of voluntarycan lead to ruin in required the contribution ofeconomy and consensus to agree public good becauseimportantly, Raising upon it. If we it benefiting toawareness of equally concern everyone. So it’seconomy is duty of about it, surely the invaluable ordealnot only government disaster wont be provided everyonebut also everyone. taken place carry on.
“ Add your company slogan ”WE LOVE PUBLIC FINANCE LOGO