Lavo Kingdom one of the most ancient civilization of Thailand
Created by1. Ms.Tipaporn Hngorsakul Id.526234330062. Ms.Wanida Phoothongkan Id.52623433019
Lavo was the old region that is located on thenorth of central Thailand. This region is located in theChao Phraya river basin where historical,archaeological, and cultural evidence has beendiscovered that prehistoric humans lived here about3,500 - 4,000 years ago or in Bronze age. A lot of abandoned ancient cities with manypre-historic instruments and human skeletons hasbeen found in several parts of the modern-dayprovince.
Early Lavo perion The history of Lavo was started from when king Kakabatr, the first king of Lavo was said to have established the city around 450 AD as one of the Dvaravati city-states. The only native language found during early Lavo times is the Mon language. After that his son, King Kalavarnadishraj founded this city in a decade later. And several years later he assigned Jamadevi to reign the throne of Haribhunjaya kingdom in the northern Thailand.
Early Lavo period Later, it was influenced by the art and culture of India when it entered the historical era. This first period under the influence of Indian culture was called the Dvaravati Period.
Khmer period (the golden period of Khmer) In 10th century, Lavo was subordinated to Khmer empire that rapid rise to prominence by the migration of Kambojas from the south India. From about the 10 - 15 th centuries Thailand was known through archeological findings and a number of local legends. The period saw the Khmer domination over a large portion of Chao Phraya basin and the northeast of Thailand. The expansion of Tai people and culture southwards also happened during the classical era.
Lopburi period The architectural style of this period was started from the 16 - 18 th centuries. It is still influencing from Khmer Empire. Almost buildings were built by laterites and red sandstones.
The characteristics of Buddha images in this period Being crowned or uncrowned. Mostly being seated in the attitude of meditation and protected by the muti – headed Naga ( the mythical snake). A square face with austere expression.
The characteristics of Buddha images in this period Almost straight eyebrows. The short robe-end which is cut in straight line, hangs down over the left shoulder. Being highly ornamented ,following the Khmer tradition Large Buddha images are carved from stone while smaller ones are cast in bronze.
Standing Buddha image,with the gesture of Forbiddingthe Relatives from Fighting.In the style of the Lopburiperiod cast and enlarged froman ancient model. Image present in thecloister of the Ubosoth at WatBenchamabophit, Bangkok
Standing Buddha image,with the gesture of Forbiddingthe Relatives from Fighting. Wearing the attributes ofRoyalty.In the style of theLopburi period.From WatTewarat, Bangkok. present in the courtyardbehind the Ubosoth at WatBenchamabophit, Bangkok.
Ayutthaya period Eventually, when the Ayutthaya empire was established, Lavo decreased in importance until the reign of King Narai the Great. He had a palace built in Lavo, and each year spent most of his time there. After the time of King Narai the Great, Lavo had been abandoned, until the 19 th centuries, King Mongkut (Rama IV) had it restored to be used as an inland royal city.
Rattanakosin period After the time of King Narai, Lavo had been abandoned, until King Mongkut (Rama IV) of Rattanakosin kingdom had it restored to be used as an inland royal city. Lavo had also been renamed to Lopburi Province in this period. Later, in 1937, Prime Minister Marshal P. Phibul Songkhram desired to set up Lopburi as the military center of Thailand.