1 nature of reading
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1 nature of reading

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1 nature of reading 1 nature of reading Presentation Transcript

  • Nature of Reading - Reading, similar to listening, speaking and writing, is a communication skill. - Reading, is a process because it has series of acts proceeding from one step to the next.
  • Steps Involve in Reading Perception is the step involve in reading by which the reader perceived the written symbols on the text through the use of his external senses. Comprehension is the step involve in reading by which the reader understands the text. Reaction is the step involve in reading wherein the reader evaluates the text which is being read.
  • Psychological Theory Reading Theory Reading Strategy Behaviorism Bottom-Up Phonics Cognitivism Top-Down Whole Language Social Constructivism Interactive Compensatory KWL/SQ3R
  • Reading Theories Reading Directions Bottom-Up Uni-directional Top-Down Uni-directional Interactive Compensatory Bi-directional
  • Reading Theorists Kenneth Goodman = Cognitivism Reading is a psycholinguistic guessing game. Jean Piaget = Cognitivism assimilation is the process by which the readers incorporate new experience into an already existing knowledge. accomodation is the process by which the readers changes one’s already existing knowledge as a result of the experiences.
  • Rumelhart = cognitivism schema is the “building block of cognition.” Patricia Carrell = cognitivism Two kinds of schema formal schema = rhetorical patterns of writing content schema = culture of the reader Keith Stanovich = Social Constructivism context clues can be used to compensate for the meaning of words which we do not know.
  • Characteristics of the Reading Process  Reading is a complex process  Reading is a two-way process  Reading is a largely visual process  Reading is an active process  Reading makes use of a linguistic system which enables readers to be more effective users of written language  Effective reading is partly dependent on the reader’s prior knowledge or background experiences
  • Types of Reading Materials Developmental – scientifically prepared materials which are aimed at developing reading skills Remedial – specifically prepared to help learners overcome reading difficulties Recreatory – provide for the development of appreciation and enjoyment of reading material Functional – provide for the development of comprehension and utilization of skills in areas of study