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Gsa evolution to_lte_report_060711 (visit for more insights)

  1. 1. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011 The 3GPP LTE system delivers The recent rapid increase in mobile data capacity and data throughput traffic, currently supported primarily by HSPA enhancements and low latency, and HSPA+ systems, is driving the interest in to support new services and deploying LTE as quickly as possible, and features requiring higher levels of has attracted global industry support. capability and performance. LTE is the next step in the user 24 commercial LTE networks in 16 countries experience, enhancing moredemanding applications such as interactive TV, Country Operator Launchedmobile video blogging, advanced gaming, and Norway TeliaSonera 15.12.09professional services. Data rates are significantly Sweden TeliaSonera 15.12.09higher. LTE supports a full IP-based network and Uzbekistan MTS 28.07.10harmonization with other radio access technologies. Uzbekistan UCell 09.08.10LTE reduces the cost per Gigabyte of data delivered, Poland Mobyland & CenterNet 07.09.10which is essential to address the mass market. LTE USA MetroPCS 21.09.10standardization covers FDD and TDD modes. Austria A1 Telekom Austria 05.11.10Infrastructure solutions offer an easy upgrade path to Sweden TeleNor Sweden 15.11.10LTE. HSPA and HSPA+ mobile broadband is Sweden Tele2 Sweden 15.11.10mainstream. LTE is the natural migration choice for Hong Kong CSL Limited 25.11.10GSM/HSPA network operators and CDMA andWiMAX operators as the mobile broadband system of Finland TeliaSonera 30.11.10choice. The uptake of LTE is a global phenomenon. Germany Vodafone 01.12.10All existing 3G technologies can harmonize to LTE. USA Verizon Wireless 05.12.10LTE delivers one single global standard, securing Finland Elisa 08.12.10even higher scale economies and simplify roaming. Denmark TeliaSonera 09.12.10 Estonia EMT 17.12.10 Japan NTT DoCoMo 24.12.10The chart below shows the number of operator Germany Deutsche Telekom 05.04.11commitments confirmed 6 months and 12 months Philippines Smart Communications 16.04.11after the first commercial systems launches for Lithuania Omnitel 28.04.11HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+ and LTE respectively, and Singapore M1 21.06.11confirms LTE as the fastest developing mobile South Korea SK Telecom 01.07.11system technology ever. South Korea LG U+ 01.07.11 Germany O2 01.07.11 Commercial LTE network launches – July 6, 2011 © Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) 218 operators in 81 countries are investing in LTE GSA, July 6, 2011 * 166 LTE network commitments in 62 countries * 52 pre-commitment trials in 19 more countries * 24 commercial LTE networks launched * At least 91 LTE networks are expected to be in commercial service by end 2012
  2. 2. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011  E-UTRAN optimized for low mobile speed: 0-15 km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/h should be supported with high performance. Mobility across the cellular network shall be maintained at speeds 120 km/h-350 km/h (or even up to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band)  Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz allocations: uplink and downlink…paired and unpaired  Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacent channels; with other operators on adjacent channels; overlapping or adjacent spectrum at country borders; handover with UTRAN & GERAN LTE radio network products incorporate several features to simplify building and management of next- generation networks. Plug-and-play, self- World LTE map available at configuration and self-optimization simplify and reduce network rollout and management cost. LTE will be deployed alongside simplified, IP-based coreSpectrum for LTE deployments and transport networks that are easier to build, maintain and introduce services on.LTE can be deployed in existing 2G or 3G bands, andin new spectrum such as 2.6 GHz now being The 3GPP core network has also undergone Systemallocated in many regions, and the Digital Dividend Architecture Evolution (SAE), optimized for packetbands (700 or 800 MHz depending on region). In the mode and in particular for the IP-MultimediaUSA, LTE deployments are being made in 700 MHz Subsystem (IMS) to support all access technologies,spectrum and in existing AWS (1.7/2.1 GHz including fixed wire-line access. This allows:spectrum. There is strong demand in Europe, Asia  Improvements in latency, capacity, throughputand elsewhere to access new 800 MHz Digital  Simplification of the core network, andDividend spectrum for extended geographical optimization for IP traffic and services, andcoverage and improved in-building performance. The expected growthfirst commercial LTE800 services have launched in  Simplified support and handover to non-3GPPGermany for rural broadband services. There is also access technologieshigh interest in using re-farmed spectrum for LTE,e.g. 900, and particularly 1800 MHz bands as The result is the evolved packet system (EPS) thatregulators adopt a technology-neutral approach. consists of the core network part, the evolved packetInitial deployments in Japan use 800 MHz, 1.5 GHz core (EPC) and the radio network evolution part, theand 1.7 GHz (operator-dependant). evolved UTRAN (E-UTRAN), i.e. LTE. The EPS is also standardized within 3GPP Release 8.Design targets for LTE include: LTE TDD Systems Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least Most LTE commitments and deployments use the 100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5 bps/Hz) paired spectrum (FDD) mode. The LTE TDD mode Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s for unpaired spectrum is complementary and valuable (2.5 bps/Hz within a 20MHz uplink allocation) in several markets. LTE TDD provides a future-proof Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to evolutionary path for TD-SCDMA, another 3GPP 4 times Release 6 HSDPA standard, which is widely deployed in China. LTE Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 TDD is the perfect choice for providing high speed times Release 6 Enhanced Uplink mobile broadband access in unpaired spectrum. It is
  3. 3. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011an integral part of the 3GPP standards implementing IMT-Advanced provides a global platform on which toa maximum of commonalities with LTE FDD and build the next-generations of interactive mobileoffering comparable performance characteristics with services that will provide faster data access,similarly high spectral efficiency. enhanced roaming capabilities, unified messaging and broadband multimedia.Within the globally assigned IMT bands for mobile(broadband) communication, significant spectrum Several LTE-Advanced test systems are operating orresources are suitable for LTE TDD. The largest planned around the world. NTT DoCoMo iscontiguous bands are at 2.3 GHz (100 MHz) and undertaking field experiments of LTE-Advanced inwithin the 2.6 GHz band (e.g. 50 MHz according to real radio environments in the cities of Yokosuka andthe CEPT band plan). Due to the recognized demand Sagamihara. NTT DoCoMo has confirmed thefor radio technologies for unpaired bands and based performance of LTE-Advanced technologies usingon the commonalities as explained above, LTE TDD simulators in its R & D center, achieving transmissioncan exploit global economies of scale similar to LTE data rates of approximately 1 Gbps on the downlinkFDD, with a short time to market. and 200 Mbps on the uplink.It is likely that LTE TDD will become a globally The Korea Communications Commission and theaccepted technology, providing an excellent evolution Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy held apath for TD-SCDMA and WiMAX™ networks. The demonstration of an LTE-Advanced system, whichgrowing number of LTE TDD operator commitments, featured evolved Multimedia Broadcast and Multicastsystem maturity, and the expanding eco-system are Service indoors and an in-vehicle demonstrationdetailed later in this report. outdoors demonstrating 3D full HD broadcasting and HD video calling. SK Telecom plans to launch an LTELTE-Advanced Systems Advanced network in 2013.LTE FDD and LTE TDD have a clear evolution Ericsson demonstrated a working version of LTE-towards LTE-Advanced which includes many features Advanced to the Swedish Post and Telecom Agencyoriginally considered for the future ITU IMT-Advanced in June 2011. Downlink speeds more than 10 x fastersystem. In October 2010 the ITU accepted and than today‟s LTE deployments were shown. 60MHzofficially designated LTE-Advanced as an IMT- of aggregated spectrum was used, compared to 20Advanced (4G) technology. MHz maximum possible with the current LTE standard. Also 8x8 MIMO was used on the downlink. Nokia Siemens Networks demonstrated LTE- Advanced at CommunicAsia 2011 in Singapore. 3GPP has published Release 10 of the standard (at the March 2011 Plenary meetings) and formally frozen the set of features for LTE-Advanced. The completion of Release 10 is the final step in the four year process to ensure that the 3GPP radio interface will meet the formal requirements of IMT-Advanced. As is the case with current work on HSPA Evolution (HSPA+), LTE work will continue beyond the current Release. It is a well proven method in 3GPP that work is allowed to carry on, but is punctuated by a series of Releases, allowing the industry to make products and plan services from that point on. 3GPP is setting the Release 11 requirements during 2011, with its completion being scheduled for late 2012.
  4. 4. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011 regional rural deployment in 700 MHz spectrum, andRecommended presentation: has selected its infrastructure partner. The company“Beyond Mobile Broadband: What Is LTE-Advanced plans to deploy LTE in up to 40 counties in Michiganand What Will It Offer to Your Network“ to “provide 4G wireless broadband service to rural(log into the GSA website first) – free download at areas that cannot economically be reached by or fiber connections”. Bay Area Regional Interoperable CommunicationsLTE network commitments, trials and plans: System (BayRICS) vision was established by the 10global round-up Bay Area Counties and 3 core cities, San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose in 2006 through the creation of a strategic plan with the goal of providing voice andAmericas data interoperability throughout the Bay Area region. BayRICS is a state of the art communications system-of-systems. Bay Area Wireless EnhancedUSA Broadband (BayWEB) is the broadband component of BayRICS which has acquired 700 MHz in which anOn September 21, 2010 regional carrier MetroPCS LTE-based public safety system will be deployed, andbecame the first operator in the United States to targeted to be operational in early 2011.launch LTE. MetroPCS offered the world‟s firstcommercially available 4G LTE handset, the Cellcom, a regional carrier serving Wisconsin andSamsung Craft™. Service was launched in Las Michigan, is deploying an LTE network.Vegas, then extended to Dallas/Forth Worth, Detroitand Boston, Sacramento and New York. The Cellular South has 700 MHz spectrum for virtually allSamsung SCH-R900/Craft is also the first multi-mode of Mississippi and Tennessee and most of Alabama.CDMA-LTE handset. LTE network rollouts continue in Commercial LTE service is planned in Q4 2011.2011 across the remaining MetroPCS U.S. markets. CenturyTel plans to deploy LTE in 700 MHz.Verizon Wireless launched its large-scale .commercial LTE system in 700 MHz spectrum on Cable operator Cox Communications has confirmedDecember 5, 2010. The service, which was initially plans to deploy LTE and has completed initial LTEavailable using an LG-supplied USB dongle, covers tests in Phoenix, Arizona and San Diego using AWS74 metropolitan areas (June 21, 2011). LTE phones and 700 MHz spectrum.and tablets will debut in 2011. The company expectscoverage to match that of its existing 3G network by Leap Wireless began testing LTE in June 20102013, and at least 175 metro areas will be served by ahead of a planned commercial network deploymentend 2011. initially in selected markets in 2011. At CTIA 2011 Leap Wireless announced it will use LightSquared‟sAT&T Mobility is targeting LTE service launch in terrestrial LTE network (in satellite spectrum) formid-2011. Dallas, Houston, Chicago, Atlanta and San coverage beyond its footprint, and will also useAntonio are amongst the first markets. Nationwide LightSquared‟s network within Leap‟s own footprint tocoverage will be reached by end 2013. During CES provide additional capacity if required. Leap Wireless2011, AT&T announced plans to launch two LTE- Cricket subsidiary is expected to launch its firstenabled tablets by mid-2011, with more tablets by commercial test market live in Arizona by end 2011.year end. AT&T confirmed plans to introduce Voiceover LTE technology by 2013. T-Mobile USA is Aircell will launch LTE in 2011 to boost the capacitycommitted to LTE deployment, and is now the subject of its in-flight network.of a proposed takeover by AT&T. CDMA operator Alaska Communications hasAgri-Valley Broadband has announced plans to be announced plans to invest US$ 32 million in an LTEthe first wireless carrier in America to use LTE for a network consistent with its current coverage footprint.
  5. 5. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011Clearwire Corp. requested 3GPP to standardize LTE Cooperative (Gilmer Texas) have committed to LTETDD for operation in the band 2496 – 2690 MHz and network deployments and recently joined the Alliance.has released results of trials the company carried outon LTE TDD and FDD systems in Phoenix, Arizona. Public Service Wireless is deploying a commercialClearwire has reported nearing download speeds of 700 MHz LTE network in central and south-west50 Mbps using 10 MHz channels for uplink and Georgia.downlink, increasing to 90 Mbps using 20 MHz. Thecompany said trials showed true broadband speeds Sprint has hinted about adopting LTE. According toand high-quality, HD-video would be among new reports “there is a high likelihood that LTE is in ourservices that will be offered. Clearwire is a member of future in one flavor or another," a comment attributedthe recently-formed Global TD-LTE Initiative. to a senior company spokesman, who added "announcements will be made soon". Sprint is usingAs part of a $32.1 million stimulus grant, Commnet WiMAX technology for its next-generation mobileWireless, LLC will develop and operate an LTE network. With LTE adoption more prevalent thenetwork in the Navajo Nation. The grant, plus partial ecosystem for WiMAX is likely to be limited bymatching funds, will provide broadband infrastructure comparison. It is expected that Sprint would use 800access to the Navajo Nation across Arizona, New MHz spectrum, currently used for iDEN, should theMexico and Utah, enabling fixed and mobile service company decide to proceed with LTE deployment.for over 30,000 households (c. 135,000 people) and1,000 businesses in 15 of the largest communities in Texas Energy Network (TEN) plans to deploy athe Navajo Nation, including Window Rock, Shiprock, nationwide LTE wireless broadband network, initiallyKayenta, Chinle, and Tuba City. The project will also targeting the oil and gas industries.provide high-capacity connectivity on the combinedmiddle-mile backbone to 49 more tribal communities. On May 6, 2011 US Cellular announced plans, in conjunction with its partnership with King StreetGreenfield operator Lightsquared is deploying the Wireless, to deliver LTE services and devices to morefirst US wholesale-only LTE network, and has than 26% of its customers across two dozen marketsselected its infrastructure supplier for deployment in in time for the holiday season. Initial rollout Is planned1.4 to 1.6 GHz spectrum, mostly (46 MHz) in L-Band, for selected cities in Iowa, Wisconsin, Maine, Northtargeting commercial launch in early 2012. Carolina, Texas and Oklahoma.LightSquared has committed to reaching 36% of theU.S. population with LTE by the end of 2012. By 2015 On January 25, 2011 the FCC mandated LTE for firstthe target is 92% (260 million people). responders (public safety communications). The Order and FNPRM requires all 700 MHz public safetyRural network operator Mosaic Telecom is deploying mobile broadband networks to use a common aira commercial LTE network in existing 700 MHz and interface, specifically LTE, to support roaming andAWS spectrum. Deployment commenced in Q1 2011. interoperable communications and seeks comment on additional rules to enable nationwideNetAmerica Alliance LLC will help to bring LTE interoperability. Mandating of a single technology bymobile broadband services to 700 MHz and AWS the FCC is unprecedented, underlining the progressspectrum holders for people and businesses in towards a single global mobile technology with LTE.smaller markets and rural areas. NetAmerica joinsforces with rural independent license holders Press release: FCC TAKES ACTION TO ADVANCEdeploying new converged 4G mobile/fixed networks NATIONWIDE BROADBAND COMMUNICATIONS FORand provide them with business and network services AMERICA’S FIRST RESPONDERSincluding combined buying power, nationwide /DOC-304244A1.pdfbranding, 24x7 network monitoring, core networkingelements, apps development and other key services. The Public Safety Alliance says that Congress couldThe infrastructure supplier was announced at CTIA allocate 10MHz in the 700MHz band to public safety2011. Network operators Peoples Telephone agencies by the end of 2011.Cooperative (Quitman Texas) and Etex Telephone
  6. 6. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011Canada BrazilRogers Wireless announced on April 27, 2011 that Anatel will auction 120 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum,Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver will be the while giving operators the option to deploy LTE earlierfirst cities to receive LTE coverage in 2011, beginning should they acquire an MMDS operator who currentlywith Ottawa in the summer. holds spectrum. The 2.6 GHz band had previously been allocated to MMDS operators for pay TV, andBell Canada and Telus have launched a joint they will keep 70 MHz. The timetable for biddingHSPA+ network. Telus announced in April 2011 plans appears to be April 30, build an LTE network beginning 2H 2011. It wasnot stated whether this would be itsown network or a Oi is trialling LTE trial from mid-June 2011 togetherjoint build with Bell Canada. with 4 system vendors for tests in laboratory conditions and in live networks in various cities.Bell Canada is trialling LTE but has not yetannounced a date for planned commercial service Vivo (Telefonica) has been undertaking LTE trialslaunch. and plans to deploy a commercial networkMTS Allstream is deploying HSPA+ which provides The Sao Paulo military police force is testing LTEthe company with an efficient upgrade path to LTE. in 700 MHz spectrum, with trials being carried out on 5 base stations.Sasktel said its HSPA+ network futureproofs andpositions the company well for future LTE deployment Chileand be “on pace with larger national carriers.” Entel PCS completed the first LTE trial in LatinWind Mobile confirmed an LTE trial in February 2011 America at the Universidad de Chile. Movistar publicly demonstrated LTE e.g. at Connect 2010.Shaw Communications has selected its Claro has also been trialling LTE.infrastructure supplier for LTE deployment in currentAWS spectrum, as well as future frequency bands to Regulator Subtel hopes to launch a 2.6 GHz auctionbe auctioned in Canada. Shaw is targeting procedure with up to 140 MHz being granted in 2011,commercial launch in late 2011. meaning LTE services could be launched in 2012. It is understand there is no regulatory barrier toThe regulator Industry Canada is preparing to operators deploying LTE in current mobile 700 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum in 2012. New market entrants Nextel Chile and VTR haveArgentina licences for 3G services in AWS spectrum.Telefonica completed lab trials of LTE in March Colombia2010, achieving a peak DL data speed of 95 Mbps. Afield trial undertaken mid-November to mid-December UNE EPM won 50 MHz of spectrum in the 2.6 GHz2010 in Buenos Aires is claimed to be the first in band and plans to launch mobile broadband servicesAWS spectrum in Central and South America. using LTE technology in 2H 2011. 700 MHz spectrum could be auctioned in the 2012-2013 timeframe.Personal has tested LTE in the Puerto Madero area(June 2010), and in December 2010 announced a Jamaicanew trial in Cordoba. Claro was reported to be deploying an LTE system.Bolivia In March 2011 it was announced that Digicel had agreed to acquire the company from America Movil.Entel Movil is currently trialling LTE in La Paz. Further announcements are awaited.
  7. 7. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011Mexico mobile broadband devices for seamless operation across 1800 MHz and 850 MHz. In May 2011 TelstraTelefonica Movistar and Telcel have both announced the first LTE base stations had beenundertaken testing of LTE. The government plans to activated in Sydney, Perth, Melbourne and 700 MHz and 2.6 GHz. In a Decree publishedon September 2, 2010 in the Diario Oficial de la Optus announced in July 2010 a successfulFederación, President Calderon stated that the 700 demonstration of LTE in 10 MHz of 2100 MHzMHz band should be freed up for mobile broadband spectrum in metropolitan Sydney. During extensiveand said digital TV switchover should be completed field testing, using pre-commercial USB dongles,by 2015 (i.e. 6 years ahead of the current plan). peak download speeds exceeding 50 Mbps and upload speeds of 20 Mbps were achieved. A secondMVS Comunicaciones has announced plans for a phase of testing, utilizing 1800 MHz is underway.US$ 1 billion investment in LTE as part of aconsortium of companies. The plan requires approval Vodafone Hutchison Australia (VHA) has confirmedof the Finance Ministry and regulator Cofetel. A results of its LTE1800 trial conducted in Q4 2010 inwholesale business model, which resells capacity to Newcastle, NSW with 10 MHz of spectrum in theincumbent networks operators, is proposed. 1800 MHz band. Downlink speeds up to 74.3 Mbps were achieved under test conditions. Upgrading ofPeru the network (around 5,800 existing 2G and 3G base station sites) is underway. Commercial LTE servicesTelefonica Movistar has been trialling LTE are anticipated to be launched during 2011.Ministerio de Transporte y Comunicaciones del Perú The Australian Communications and Media Authorityhas launched a consultation regarding use of the 700 (ACMA) has announced the first formal steps towardMHz and AWS (1.7/2.1 GHz) bands. The deadline for a joint auction of new licences in 700 MHz (digitalreceiving comments was March 31, 2011. dividend) and 2.6 GHz spectrum. Two blocks of 45 MHz in the range 703-748 MHz and 758-803 MHz willPuerto Rico be reallocated from November 2, 2011 until December 31, 2014. Two 70 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHzAccording to reports, the first LTE call was completed spectrum will be reallocated from November 2, 2011by Claro in San Juan on October 12, 2010. until January 31, 2016 for the Perth area and September 30, 2014 for everywhere else in AustraliaUruguay NBN Co - established by the Australian GovernmentAntel is reported to be trialling LTE, with commercial in 2009 to design, build and operate the nationalnetwork deployment beginning in 2012 broadband network - has appointed Ericsson to build and operate a 2.3GHz fixed-wireless broadbandAsia Pacific and Oceania network based on LTE TDD technology. It will serve rural Australia with download speeds of up to 12 Mbps and upload speeds reaching 1 Mbps, ensuringAustralia a significant improvement on existing services.Telstra has announced plans to upgrade its Next G™ EnergyAustralia will conduct trials at 15 sites of annetwork with LTE technology in the central business LTE platform, commencing in 2011, with the intent todistricts of all Australian capital cities and selected migrate to a full LTE network. EnergyAustralia wasregional centers by end of 2011. The upgrade will use chosen by the Government to lead the Smart Grid,Telstra‟s existing 1800 MHz spectrum to deliver LTE Smart City demonstration project to test Australia‟sto areas where traffic demand is most concentrated. first fully integrated, commercial-scale smart grid.It will be integrated with Telstra‟s existing HSPA+service, which operates in the 850MHz band. By end WiMAX™ operator Vivid Wireless trialled LTE TDD2011 Telstra plans to offer dual mode LTE/HSPA+ in Sydney for 2 months from December 2010 in high
  8. 8. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011demand, high density, inner city conditions. SmarTone-Vodafone will deploy LTE in re-farmedCommercial network launch is expected by 2012. 1800 MHz spectrum.China IndiaChina Mobile is building its TD-SCDMA network so The 2.3 GHz BWA auction began with 11 companiesthat sites and other elements are reusable for LTE bidding for 2 blocks in each of the 22 circles. TheTDD. A large-scale trial LTE TDD network at the 2010 government had earlier allocated one 20 MHzWorld Expo, Shanghai, realized a peak downlink rate unpaired spectrum block each to MTNL and BSNL.over 80 Mbps in 20 MHz carrying uplink and downlink Tikona Digital won spectrum in 5 circles. Qualcommtraffic. The first high-definition LTE TDD video call and Bharti Airtel won 4 circles each. Qualcommincluding handover was demonstrated at the Ministry gained spectrum in the key circles of Delhi, Mumbai,of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) test lab Haryana and Kerala and announced Global Holdingin Beijing. China Mobile has now launched large- Corporation and Tulip Telecom as initial shareholdersscale LTE TDD trials consisting of more than 1,000 for its LTE venture for network deployment. Onbase stations in Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, October 19, 2010 Nokia Siemens NetworksNanjing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Xiamen. announced the successful demonstration in India of aCommercial services are expected to launch in 2012. video call over LTE TDD on commercial hardware. The call was made by Gurdeep Singh, CEO of Aircel,According to reports, Nokia Siemens Networks has who won BWA spectrum in 8 circles. On Novemberbeen running live LTE TDD trial networks since May 30, 2010 Reliance Industries with Ericsson India2011 in Hangzhou and Xiamen for China Mobile. showcased results from their field trial of LTE TDD.China Telecom plans to launch LTE service, Infotel Broadband was the only pan-India winnerexpected in 2012, which will be integrated with CDMA (since acquired by Reliance Industries Ltd - RIL). RILsystems in 17 provinces. has committed to LTE TDD and is expected to commercially launch LTE TDD in some cities in 2011.Specific intentions or plans for LTE at China Unicom Tikona Digital has also committed to deploy LTEare not known at this time. TDD. Bharti Airtel is committed to LTE TDD and has joined the Global TD-LTE Initiative.In Hong Kong SAR, 2 x 15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHzspectrum were obtained via auction each by China IndonesiaMobile (Peoples Phone), Genius Brand (HutchisonTelecom/PCCW JV) and CSL Limited. Telkomsel, XL Axiata, and Indosat have been trialling LTE technology and propose to deploy LTEOn November 25, 2010 CSL Limited commercially networks should spectrum become available in 2013.launched its LTE/DC-HSPA+ network for corporateservices, extending to all customers on May 16, 2011. JapanFrom this date CSL customers can sign up orupgrade their current mobile broadband plan to 42 LTE operators use 1.5 GHz (NTT DoCoMo andMbps for HK$ 339 and to 100 Mbps for HK$ 399. The Softbank Mobile), 1.5 GHz + 800 MHz (KDDI), andLTE network uses 2.6 GHz spectrum. Some 1800 1.7 GHz (eMobile).MHz sites are equipped for LTE and used for testing;more 1800 MHz sites are being converted in 2011 as NTT DoCoMo launched Japan‟s first commercial LTEthe availability of LTE1800 user devices improves. system on December 24, 2010 under the “Xi™” brand. The company said that voice calls using Xi willHutchison Telecom completed testing and trials in become possible sometime within the fiscal yearmid-2010. LTE is to be launched “in the near future”. starting in April 2011, when DoCoMo will begin launching LTE-compatible mobile phones. Xi servicePCCW is deploying LTE for commercial launch 2011. is initially available in the Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka areas; other major cities and regions will follow.
  9. 9. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011DoCoMo plans to spend over $3.6 billion on network The regulator MCMC plans to allocate blocks of 2.6build-out by March 2013, with 15,000 base stations GHz for LTE, and is consulting on re-farmingserving 40% of the population, 70% coverage is 850/900/1800 MHz spectrum. According to pressplanned by March 2015. DoCoMo expects 25% of its reports, Packet One Networks (P1) and REDtone are3G user base to migrate to LTE by March 2015. amongst the operators who have said they will receive frequencies in the 2.6 GHz band, and are inKDDI is committed to deploying LTE and will continue the process of submitting business plans regardingto operate its CDMA network for voice traffic. KDDI their proposed use of the spectrum. Further spectrumhas 20 MHz of spectrum for LTE and is working on allocations to more operators are understood to be intechnical interoperability issues to ensure the network process. According to reports, Celcom has againcan fall back to CDMA2000 1x for incoming voice requested from the regulator a block of 2.6 GHzcalls during a data session held over LTE. KDDI spectrum. A number of parties have also enquiredplans to commercially launch LTE by December 2012 about 700 MHz, which MCMC is considering.and is targeting mobile broadband coverage to 96.5%of the country by March 2015. A trial was conducted Celcom and Maxis are reported to be in talks aboutin the Nasu-Shiobara area in 2010. A 2nd trial 900 and 1800 MHz spectrum re-farming.commenced in October 2010 in an urbanenvironment. KDDI has announced its commercial Nepalnetwork infrastructure supplier. Ncell has approached the Nepal Telecom AuthorityeMobile plans to launch LTE following launch of its for spectrum and a license for LTE operation.42 Mbps DC-HSPA+ network. Shareholder TeliaSonera is keen to proceed if permission/spectrum are granted, for launch in 2012Softbank is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative New ZealandMalaysia Telecom New Zealand has trialled and is committedMaxis is trialing LTE in the Klang Valley. In July 2010 to LTE.peak download speeds of 60-104 Mbps weredemonstrated, using 10 MHz and 20 MHz channels. Vodafone New Zealand has trialled and is committed to LTE.Axiata subsidiary Celcom has commenced LTEtechnical trials. DiGi plans to launch LTE in 2.6 GHz Kordia is considering an upgrade of its rural mobileby 2013. U Mobile announced on March 15, 2011 network to LTEplans to deploy and launch a commercial LTEnetwork “soon”. The Commerce Commission is open to discuss LTE infrastructure sharing. New spectrum for LTE is notWiMAX™ operator Asiaspace is exploring expected to become available before 2013. Analogdeployment in the near future of LTE TDD in 2.3 GHz. TV will be switched off by late 2013.There are press reports of a possible collaborationbeing agreed between Maxis and Asiaspace for The Philippinesdeployment of an LTE network. Smart Communications announced on April 16,WiMAX operator Packet One Networks (Malaysia) 2011 opening of commercial LTE service in BoracaySdn. Bhd has announced plans to conduct an LTE and confirmed plans to rollout in other areas.TDD trial by end 2011, with a view to launchingcommercial services shortly after. Regulatory Globe Telecom has conducted LTE trials and plansapproval is awaited. P1 intends to upgrade its existing to deploy a commercial LTE network in 2012.2.3 GHz WiMAX network with an LTE TDD overlay.An MoU has been signed with Qualcomm to work Piltel is understood to be seeking the remaining 3Gtowards an LTE network deployment license in the country to deploy LTE services.
  10. 10. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011Singapore Sri Lanka Telecom Mobitel announced on May 6, 2011 completion of its LTE trial achieving downlinkM1 commercially launched LTE on June 21, 2011, in speeds up to 96 Mbps in 2.6 GHz. More trials areboth 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands. The LTE network planned in other bands for commercial deployment.covers the financial district including Marina Bay,Suntec, and Shenton Way. Coverage is scheduled to Etisalat‟s DC-HSPA+ network is described by thebe nationwide by Q1 2012. company as “LTE ready”.StarHub has completed LTE testing in 2.6 GHz and Taiwanextended trials to the 1800 MHz band to providebetter, deeper LTE coverage, and is planning a Chunghwa Telecom has been trialling LTE in 2.6commercial LTE network deployment later in 2011. GHz and 700 MHz spectrum. Commercial network deployment is expected to start from 2012 dependingSingTel is trialing LTE in Singapore, and overseas on spectrum availability. The company has completedwith carriers in which it holds stakes i.e. SingTel LTE tests on the high-speed rail system in TDD andOptus (Australia), Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe FDD modes using 2.6 GHz.Telecom (Philippines). SingTel plans to launch inSingapore in October 2011 with 200 base stations. The National Chiao Tung University conducted a trial of LTE TDD in 2010.South Korea FarEasTone and China Mobile are co-operating onSK Telecom launched commercial LTE service in an LTE TDD trial network in Taipei.Seoul on July 1, 2011, in 800 MHz with dongles.Smartphones are expected to be available from WiMAX operator Global Mobile has announcedSeptember 2011. The company plans LTE coverage plans to switch to LTE and will apply to thein the Seoul metropolitan area and 6 more cities by government for approval to amend its license whenearly 2012, and nationwide (82 cities) by 2013. SK WiMAX coverage reaches 70%, expected this year.Telecom plans to upgrade to LTE-Advanced in 2013. ThailandLG U+ brought forward its expected nationwide LTEcoverage to mid-2012, and is reported to have now AIS subsidiary Digital Phone Company (DPC) hasdeployed 500 bases stations in Seoul and 2 other permission from its build-transfer-operate concessioncities. Commercial LTE service was launched on July issuer CAT Telecom to test LTE. DPC has 1800 MHz1, 2011 in Seoul and two other cities. spectrum and reportedly will reserve up to 10MHz for the trial from its 12.5 MHz allocation. The test will runKT has confirmed plans to commercially launch its for 90 days on 7-8 base stations in Bangkok.LTE network in Seoul in November 2011, thennationwide by 2013. VietnamRegulator KCC has confirmed plans to auction three Regulator MIC has authorized trials by VNPT, Viettel,spectrum blocks in August 2011, in 800 MHz, 1800 FPT Telecom, CMC, VTC, EVN Telecom and Gtel.MHz and 2.1 GHz bands. SK Telecom and KT are Trial networks have been established in Hanoi byblocked from bidding for 2.1 GHz spectrum. Winners FPT, Viettel and VDC (a member of VNPT).gain immediate access to the new spectrum exceptfor 800 MHz which will be allocated from July 2012. Viettel said in May 2011 the company had started testing an LTE deployment in Hanoi and HCM City,Sri Lanka offering dongle-based services to 240 friendly customers. Digital dividend spectrum (700 MHz)Dialog Mobile announced live LTE trials from May 5, would be allocated after analog TV services switch2011 in Colombo Fort and the Colombo 2, 3, 4 and over to digital; this process is scheduled to begin inNarahenpita areas of the city. 2015 in the big cities.
  11. 11. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011Europe 3 Austria is upgrading its network and expects to have the capability to offer LTE to customers in 2011.Abkhaz A further public consultation on future spectrum allocations and the liberalization of the 900 1800MHzAquafon has announced that LTE testing has been bands closed on March 18, 2011.performed in Suchumi in co-operation with Megafon BelarusAndorra BeST (Life) and MTS completed their respective LTEAndorra Telecom plans to deploy LTE by 2012. trials by May 1, 2011. The auction of 2.6 GHz spectrum is scheduled to start mid 2011. DigitalArmenia Dividend spectrum is expected in 2016.VivaCell-MTS soft-launched its LTE network on BelgiumDecember 20, 2010. Full commercial launch isplanned in 2011, initially in Yerevan. MVNO and cable operator Telenet is trialing LTE in Mechelen. Mobistar is testing LTE. BelgacomArmenTel (Beeline/Vimpelcom) plans to deploy LTE. (Proximus) is deploying LTE. Base plans to trial LTE.Orange organized a public demonstration of LTE at The 2.6 GHz auction is planned for October 2011.the Orange Flagship Store November 4-5, 2010. CroatiaAustria Hrvatski Telekom demonstrated an LTE trial networkRegulator TKK completed the auction of 2.6 GHz for the first time in Croatia on October 26, 2010,spectrum on September 20, 2010, raising €39.5m ahead of a planned commercial network deployment.from A1 Telekom Austria, Hutchison, T-Mobile andOrange. 14 paired and 9 unpaired frequency blocks VIPNet has demonstrated LTE in 800 MHz and planswere sold. License conditions require coverage of at to commercially launch LTE service in 2012.least 25% of the population by 2013. Czech RepublicA1 Telekom Austria commercially launched LTE inparts of Vienna and St. Pölten (a regional capital) on Telefonia O2 is trialling LTE.November 5, 2010. A public consultation on use of 470-960 MHzT-Mobile Austria launched a 60-cell site pilot LTE spectrum was open for comments until April 14, in Innsbruck in July 2009. Since October 19,2010 service has been available to selected Denmarkcorporate clients (soft launch). A small group ofconsumers was selected in March 2011 to test and An auction of 2500-2690 MHz and 2010-2020 MHztry the service and report their individual experiences spectrum was completed on May 10, 2010. Spectrumon Facebook and YouTube, ahead of full commercial was awarded to Hi3G Denmark ApS; TDC A/S; Teliaservice launch planned later in 2011. Nättjänster Norden AB; and Telenor A/S.Orange is engaged in LTE testing activities. Orange On October 12, 2010 the regulator Telestyrelsenhas stressed the importance of knowing which announced that Hi3G Denmark had been grantedfrequencies in addition to 2.6 GHz (digital dividend 900 and 1800 MHz spectrum, which could be used toand refarmed spectrum) will be permitted for LTE and deploy 2G, 3G or LTE technologies nationally.hopes to commercially launch LTE services in 2011 Hutchison 3 plans to deploy a commercial LTE FDDor 2012. network and also recently purchased 25 MHz of TDD
  12. 12. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011spectrum. Combined LTE FDD and TDD products are Finland was the first country in Europe to allow 1800expected to be available from early 2012. MHz spectrum to be used for LTE deployments. See the Ministry of Transport & Communications press release:TeliaSonera launched the first commercial LTE in Denmark on December 9, 2010 inCopenhagen, Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg. TeliaSonera launched the first commercial LTE service in Finland on November 30, 2010 in TurkuTDC has selected an infrastructure vendor to supply and Helsinki.and manage its planned nationwide LTE networkupgrade. Ccommercial launch is targeted initially in Elisa announced December 8, 2010 launch of its 2.6six cities including Copenhagen and Aarhus in 2011. GHz LTE network for corporate users, and announced its first client. Elisa is trialling LTE1800TeleNor and TeliaSonera recently announced an which it considers as a promising option as it coversinfrastructure sharing agreement which includes LTE. twice the area compared to using 2.6 GHz.Telestyrelsen has postponed the digital dividend (800 DNA Oy announced signing of a 3-year contract withMHz) spectrum auction to March 2012. Frequencies its infrastructure supplier which includes HSPA+ andcan be taken into use from January 1, 2013. LTE network deployments, and confirmed its target to commercially launch LTE in the largest cities in 2011.Estonia FranceRegulator ESTA announced the award of licences forLTE in 2.6 GHz spectrum to incumbent mobile France Telecom Orange has deployed a trial LTEoperators EMT, Elisa and Tele2 and additionally to network in Paris, initially with 10 MHz bandwidthfixed-line operator Elion Enterprises. supporting both FDD and TDD modes, upgraded to 20 MHz in May 2010. FDD-TDD co-existence testsEMT launched the first commercial LTE services in are on-going. Service launch is expected in 2012Estonia on December 17, 2010 in the city centers of subject to availability of 2.6 GHz and 800 MHzTallinn, Tartu, Kohila, and at the IT College of Tallinn spectrum.University of Technology. Rollout continues in 2011. SFR has awarded an infrastructure contract toTele2 Estonia is undertaking LTE trials. upgrade and expand its 2G/3G networks and start LTE trials.Elisa publicly demonstrated LTE in Tallinn in June2010 and on January 7, 2011 announced receipt of Bouygues Telecom is trialing LTE1800 in 10 MHz2.6 GHz spectrum for commercial network bandwidth using 2x2 MIMO at sites in Orléans.deployment. Elisa is also interested in deploying LTEin 1800 MHz and in digital dividend spectrum. In April Regulator ARCEP has announced operators may2011 Elisa opened test LTE networks in Tallinn, submit applications to bid for spectrum in the digitalPärnu, Viljandi, Tartu and Haapsalu city centers. dividend 800 MHz band, which will be technology neutral and split into 14 lots with a reserve price set.Finland The application deadline is 15th December 2011. The auction will be held in early 2012.20-year 2.6 GHz licenses were auctioned 23November 2009: Germany  Elisa obtained 50 MHz, and launched a pre- commercial trial in Helsinki on June 2, 2010 A multiband spectrum auction was completed in May  TeliaSonera acquired five blocks of 2 x 5 MHz 2010, covering 360 MHz in 4 bands: 800 MHz (digital and launched an LTE network on June 2, 2010 for dividend), 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz. All 4 pre-commercial use in the city of Turku incumbents acquired 2.6 GHz to be used for LTE.  DNA obtained 40 MHz Telefonica O2, Vodafone and Deutsche Telekom
  13. 13. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011(but not E Plus) additionally acquired 800 MHz areas, near Athens. Cosmote also demonstrated LTEspectrum for LTE. The 800 MHz spectrum raised technology at Info-Com World in October 2010.€3.576 billion, i.e. over 81.5% of the auction‟s totalvalue. E Plus is able to use 900 MHz spectrum (in Hungarywhich HSPA+ will be deployed) also for LTE if it doesnot cause interference with other mobile networks. Telenor (ex-Pannon) has selected its infrastructure partner to build a commercial LTE network.Vodafone launched the first rural LTE mobilebroadband service across Germany on December 1, Magyar Telekom (T-Mobile) is trialing LTE and says2010. Around 1,500 base stations incorporated LTE it will be ready in 2011 to offer LTE services subjecttechnology by end March 2011, serving thousands of to availability of spectrum. The National Media andcommunities. LTE pilot locations have been Telecoms Authority has confirmed tenders for mobileestablished in Berlin. Vodafone plans to eventually broadband and Internet service licenses in 450 MHzupgrade all base stations in Germany to LTE. and 900 MHz spectrum will be launched, which may see a new market competitor to incumbents MagyarDeutsche Telekom commercially launched their “Call Telekom, Telenor Magyarország, Vodafone Hungary.& Surf Comfort via Funk” LTE service package indigital dividend (800 MHz) spectrum on April 5, 2011. IrelandA router is included with the service, and a donglehas been announced for later introduction. In 3 Ireland is preparing to commercially launch LTE.February 2011 the company announced plans tocommercially launch LTE in the 1800 MHz band Regulator ComReg is consulting on the use of(LTE1800) and 2.6 GHz spectrum, which will be 800/900/1800 MHz bands (closed October 29, 2010).provided to selected business customers in earlysummer 2011 as part of friendly-user tests. Cologne Ericsson completed LTE TDD testing in June 2010.will receive near-total LTE coverage using the 1.8 and2.6 GHz bands, which will be made available to Italyconsumers. The “Speedstick LTE” dongle will beoffered from Q3 2011 and support LTE in 800, 1800 Telecom Italia launched its second phase of LTEand 2600 MHz bands plus DC-HSPA+, HSPA and testing on 17 new sites in Turin on August 11, 2010,WCDMA in 2100 MHz, and EDGE/GPRS. using two blocks of 20 MHz in 2.6 GHz spectrum.Deutsche Telekom subsequently commercially Wind is deploying a commercial LTE network.launched LTE broadband service in Cologne on July1, 2011 in 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800). Regulator AGCOM launched a consultation in March 2011 on proposed auction rules for 300 MHzO2 commercially launched LTE on July 1, 2011 in spectrum in 800, 1800, 2100 and 2600 MHz bandsdigital dividend (800 MHz) spectrum, marketing theservice as "O2 LTE für Zuhause (at home). JerseyE-Plus is a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative Clear Mobitel announced on September 17, 2010and is trialling LTE TDD in cooperation with China that the company has been granted a license to testMobile, using the TDD part of the 2.6GHz spectrum. and develop LTE in the 2.6 GHz band.Greece KazakhstanCosmote has undertaken LTE testing in 900 and Kcell plans to deploy a commercial LTE network and1800 MHz spectrum and requested spectrum for on July 29, 2010 announced installation of a basedeploying a pilot LTE network at its technical and station in Astana to showcase LTE headquarters in the Marousi and Chalandri On April 26, 2010 Beeline confirmed completion of LTE tests in 700 MHz, and in October 2010
  14. 14. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011announced launch of a live LTE pilot network in end 2013. Cable and Wireless, Monaco Telecom‟sAmalty, the business capital. main shareholder, has chosen Monaco as a 4G test- bed for the group as a whole.Latvia NetherlandsBite, Tele2 and LMT are reported to be interested inobtaining 2.6 GHz spectrum, though it may not be 2.6 GHz spectrum was auctioned in April 2010 andauctioned until 2012-2013. 1800 MHz may be an resulted in spectrum being awarded to incumbentsoption subject to agreement on the frequency plan. KPN, Vodafone, T-Mobile, and newcomers Ziggo 4 and Tele2. Tele2 has built a trial network in DiemenBite is deploying a commercial LTE network, for and Amsterdam. The unpaired spectrum was unsold.which the first phase is due for completion end 2011. NorwayLMT has launched a trial LTE network. Norway held Europe‟s first 2.6 GHz auction in 2007.CDMA operator Triatel is testing LTE in 800 MHz. Spectrum was awarded to the incumbent operators TeleNor and TeliaSonera (NetCom). The totalLithuania allocation was 2x90 MHz.Omnitel (TeliaSonera) launched commercial LTE TeliaSonera launched the world‟s first LTE networksservice on April 28, 2011 in Vilnius, Kaunas, in Oslo and Sweden in December 2009.Klaipėda, Šiauliai and Panevėžys in 1800 MHzspectrum (LTE1800). Modems are supplied by TeleNor has trialled LTE in Oslo and is nowHuawei and ZTE, supporting LTE800/1800/2600, deploying a commercial network.GSM1800, GSM/UMTS900 and UMTS2100. Regulator NPT has confirmed 790-862 MHz spectrumTele2 showcased LTE in a public demonstration in will be allocated for mobile broadband.December 2010 and confirmed intention to deploy acommercial network once a license is obtained. PolandBite Lithuania plans to trial LTE in 2011. 2.6 GHz On September 7, 2010 the world‟s first LTE networkspectrum may be awarded in 2011. in 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800) was commercially launched by Mobyland and CenterNet. Over 500Luxembourg base stations are now in operation. Commercial availability of the world‟s first LTE1800 dongle (IPOrange Luxembourg announced on September 8, Wireless) was confirmed in November 2010. The2010 the results from its trial LTE network (in 20 MHz primary customer is Cyfrowy Polsat who started abandwidth). The company confirmed plans to deploy trial on March 16, 2011 for 2,000 customers. FullLTE once licensing procedures are completed. services are expected to begin by August 31, 2011.Moldova Aero2 is testing LTE TDD in 2.6 GHz spectrum in Aleksandrów Łódzki and Łódź. Commercial serviceOrange Moldova held a 2-day public LTE demo in launch is planned in 2011. Aero2 is a member of theChisinau (July 2010) and in June 2011 confirmed Global TD-LTE Initiative.interest to deploy a commercial LTE network. Polkomtel is considering options to launch LTE. TheMonaco company was sold on June 30, 2011 to Spartan Capital Holdings, which is indirectly controlled byMonaco Telecom has begun a trial of LTE for a group Polish businessman Zygmunt Solorz-Zak who is alsoof test customers. If a successful outcome is the chairman and founder of Cyfrowy Polsat. Aachieved, commercial services could be launched by Company press release stated: Zygmunt Solorz-Żak’s
  15. 15. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011acquisition of Polkomtel will significantly accelerate Russiathe roll-out of LTE technology, which is one of thecrucial elements facilitating widespread Internet MTS, Vimpelcom, Tele2, Megafon andaccess for households in Poland.” Svyazinvest, are committed to deploying LTE. 1800 MHz looks to be a promising band, depending onRegulator UKE (Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej) developments elsewhere, including how the eco-has launched a tender process for 2.6 GHz and system develops. MegaFon and Rostelecom,digital dividend (790-862 MHz) spectrum, which will general partners of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympicenable operators to deploy LTE; the auction is Games, have successfully tested their LTE networksexpected mid-2011. close to the key Sochi site of Roza Khutor. LTE capabilities will be showcased during the 2014UOKiK (Office of Competition and Consumer Games, with full scale LTE tests running fromProtection) has approved plans by PTK Centertel February 2011. Rostelecom plans to conduct LTE(Orange) and P4 (Play) to create a combined LTE trials in 2.3 - 2.4 GHz spectrum (LTE TDD) in twonetwork, and this new JV will be allowed to bid in the other Russian cities this year. MegaFon showcasedforthcoming 2.6 GHz auction. an LTE data call at the IX International Investment Forum (Sochi) in Sept 2010.ERA/T-Mobile is interested in deploying LTE andnew infrastructure systems are LTE-ready. BWA operator Yota (Scartel) is shifting from WiMAX™ to LTE TDD and launched an LTE pilotPortugal network in Kazan on August 30, 2010. Yota is deploying LTE networks in Novosibirsk and Samara,Portugal Telecom (TMN) is trialling LTE ahead of a and plans to launch the first LTE base stations inplanned commercial network deployment. Moscow and St. Petersburg in 2011. The company expects that its whole customer base will migrate toOptimus is replacing its network initially in 4 regions LTE within three years.of central Portugal enabling a fast future rollout ofLTE. LTE trials results were published January 2011 Yota is central to the rollout of LTE in Russia by signing up MegaFon, MTS, Rostelecom andVodafone hopes to deploy LTE by end of 2011. VimpelCom to a single LTE network that Yota will build to deliver LTE mobile broadband services in 2.6On March 17, 2011 regulator ANACOM approved GHz spectrum to 180 cities in 2014, serving moredraft rules for the auction for the allocation of 33 than 70 million people; this initiative will radicallyrights of use for frequencies in the 450, 800, 900, accelerate LTE rollout in Russia. TTK has recently1800 MHz, 2.1 and 2.6 GHz. Comments were indicated it too wishes to join the consortium.accepted up to May 2, 2011 and these responses arecurrently being evaluated. ANACOM has not yet set a OAO Voentelecom is undertaking trials of LTE indate for the start of the auction, but has indicated to Rostov, Moscow and Kubinka.GSA it could take place in September 2011. SlovakiaRomania Regulator TUSR has granted licenses to TelefonicaVodafone Romania plans to commit EUR 500 million O2, Orange and T-Mobile Slovensko for each(US$ 662 million) over the next five years upgrading operator to trial LTE FDD networks in 2.6 GHzits network, including some investment towards a spectrum in Banská Bystrica until June 30, 2011.planned LTE network. SloveniaThe public consultation on digital dividend spectrumallocation, permitted technologies and license Just a few days after acquiring test frequenciesobligations, closed on March 31, 2011. Mobitel deployed an LTE network in the 1800 MHz frequency band and began testing it from June 1,
  16. 16. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 20112011. Mobitel reported excellent results, downlink of TDD spectrum previously owned by Intel.speeds reaching 100 Mbps, and the system Combined LTE FDD and TDD products are expectedresponsiveness more than doubled compared to to be available from early 2012.HSPA+. The LTE network was deployed in Ljubljana,and intended for internal tests with the goal of gradual The auction for 800 MHz opened on February 28,expansion, ensuring an optimum co-existence with 2011 and ended after 5 days and 31 rounds. All thethe GSM and UMTS systems. The trial network paves winners said they will use the spectrum for LTE.the way for commercializing LTE technology inSlovenia. Mobitel plans a full deployment of LTE and Hi3G Access 2x10 MHz *SEK 431 milLTE Advanced using 800 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 Net4 Mobility 2x10 MHz *SEK 469 milGHz bands. LTE800 trials are planned in Autumn **SEK 300 mil2011. LTE1800 will be commercially launched in TeliaSonera 2x10 MHz *SEK 854 mil2012. Rollout will be different for cities and rural areas Total SEK 2,054 mildepending on availability of 800 MHz. revenue (approx USD 330 mil)Spain * Winners will each pay administration charges of SEK 400,000 (SEK 200,000 per spectrum block).Telefonica has conducted LTE field tests at its ** Commitment of SEK 300 million by Net4Mobility toMadrid Demonstrations Center and is trialing LTE on invest in 800 MHz network expansion to complete thenetworks in Argentina, Brazil, Czech Republic, PTS‟s goal of achieving 100% fixed/mobileGermany, Mexico, Peru, Slovak Republic, Spain, and broadband coverage of Sweden‟s population andUK. Vodafone Spain has publicly showcased LTE. business premises.Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio (MITYC) The regulator PTS recently announced a plan tolaunched in June 2010 a consultation on re-allocation auction from October 11, 2011 a total of 2 x 35 MHzof 2.6 GHz spectrum and re-farming of 900/1800 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum for use from January 2, 2013.spectrum. The auction commenced on June 29, 2011comprizing 58 blocks of 800 MHz, 900 MHz and 2.6 SwitzerlandGHz frequencies, with licences valid to 2030. Theresults are expected mid-July 2011. Orange has announced plans to enhance coverage and higher capacities for mobile data and voiceSweden services, including an LTE demo platform for customers and partners in 2010, and preparations forTeliaSonera launched the world‟s first LTE networks LTE introduction (subject to availability of spectrumin Stockholm and Norway (Oslo) in December 2009. and user devices) from 2011.TeliaSonera plans to introduce a new multiband,multimode modem in July 2011, which can access Swisscom has been running an LTE test network inLTE in 800, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum. Grenchen since September 2010, and plans to launch LTE services in 2011.Tele2 Sweden and TeleNor Sweden have deployedan LTE network through a jointly-owned company Regulator ComCom has announced plans to auction(Net4Mobility), which includes spectrum sharing in digital dividend spectrum, however the timetable has900 MHz and 2.6 GHz. Using this network, Tele2 been delayed to Q1 2012.Sweden and TeleNor Sweden commerciallylaunched LTE services to their respective customers Turkeyon November 15, 2010, initially in Stockholm,Gothenburg, Malmo and Karlskrona. LTE will be Turkcell has been trialing LTE technology.deployed in 100 cities by end 2011. UkraineHutchison 3 plans to deploy a commercial LTE FDDnetwork in Sweden and recently purchased 50 MHz MTS-Ukraine is conducting an LTE trial.
  17. 17. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011ITC (CDMA Ukraine) is reported to be considering Ofcom wants to start the auction in Q1 2012. Thedeploying LTE in the 850 MHz band. The CEO is consultation closed on May 31, 2011.reported as saying that if the company does decide todeploy LTE, it would not be until 2012 or 2013. Consultation document: Kingdom s/combined-award/summary/combined-award.pdfO2 has tested LTE in 2.6 GHz spectrum, achieving Ofcom has launched a consultation on long termpeak data throughputs of 135 Mps DL and 64 Mbps demand for spectrum in the range 470 – 790 MHz.UL in the lab and field, and lower latency. O2 has The deadline for submissions was June 15, 2011been trialing LTE800 in Carlisle since mid 2010. Mobitel is trialing LTE for rural mobile s/uhf-spectrum-band/summary2/condoc.pdfbroadband access using 800 MHz in Cornwall; 300businesses are participating. If successful, the PCCWs UK Broadband has confirmed plans to buildcompany will seek a license for commercial rollout as an LTE-based wholesale network targetinga new market entrant. Arqiva is running an LTE commercial launch in 2012. The company ownstechnology trial in Wales using 800 MHz spectrum to spectrum in the 3.5 GHz band.demonstrate the economic and technical viability of a“neutral-host” wireless network. Ofcom has authorized all five mobile operators to trade the rights to the radio spectrum they hold,Everything Everywhere, owner of Orange and T- covering 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz.Mobile UK is working with BT on a trial in test 800MHz (digital dividend) spectrum in a rural part of the Uzbekistansouth west region of England. MTS announced on July 28, 2010 commercial launchOn March 22, 2011 regulator Ofcom announced its of the first LTE network (pre-commercial service) inplans in a consultation to launch the biggest ever the CIS and Central Asia, in Tashkent and plansauction of mobile spectrum in the U.K. This auction is significant coverage expansion.equivalent to three quarters of the mobile spectrum inuse now, and 80% more than the 3G auction (held in Ucell (TeliaSonera) announced commercial LTE2000), according to Ofcom. The auction covers the network launch (pre-commercial service) in Tashkent800 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands. Spectrum caps and on August 9, 2010.floors will apply. Ofcom says it is trying to ensure thatafter the auction, subject to demand, there are at Middle East and Africaleast 4 holders of a minimum spectrum portfolio whoare credibly capable of providing high quality dataservices in the future. Ofcom believes that to be a Bahrain“credible national wholesaler” an operator is likely toneed at least as much spectrum as one of the Zain Bahrain confirmed in August 2009 plans tofollowing minimum spectrum portfolios. This is one of deploy LTE, and showcased the region‟s first LTE callthe key points in the consultation: in March 2010, with a download speed of 70 Mbps.a) 2 x 5 MHz of sub-1 GHz spectrum and 2 x 20 MHzof 2.6 GHz spectrum; or The regulator TRA is consulting on allocation of 2.6b) 2 x 5 MHz of sub-1 GHz spectrum and 2x15 MHz GHz spectrum for LTE commercial deployments.of 1800 MHz spectrum; orc) 2 x 10 MHz of sub-1 GHz spectrum and 2 x 15 EgyptMHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum; ord) 2 x 10 MHz of sub-1 GHz spectrum and 2 x 10 Vodafone Egypt is trialing LTE technology and hasMHz of 1800 MHz spectrum; or achieved 100 Mbps D/L and 47 Mbps U/L speeds.e) 2 x 15 MHz of sub-1 GHz spectrum Mobinil and Etisalat Misr are also trialling LTE.
  18. 18. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011Jordan Qtel is preparing for LTE including a trial in 2011.Zain Jordan is planning commercial LTE launch in Saudi Arabia2011. Regulator TRC has invited comments fromincumbents on proposals for 2.6 GHz LTE licenses. STC is trialling LTE. The government only permits trials of LTE since the 2.6 GHz band is not yetKenya cleared for commercial use. Zain began deployment in Q2 2010.Safaricom is trialling LTE in its existing 3G spectrum.Regulatory policy is unclear; the government is Etisalat (Mobily) completed LTE testing in Marchreported to have said that LTE licenses will not be 2010 and plans commercial launch by Q3 2011 in 33awarded to mobile operators, and will launch a tender cities, subject to availability of spectrum.for a part state-owned company to build a nationalLTE network to be shared by the mobile operators. South AfricaLibya Vodacom is showcasing LTE and reportedly has 1,000 LTE-ready sites, with launch planned “whenAl Madar announced plans to deploy a LTE network. handsets become available”.Namibia MTN South Africa is trialling LTE using 100 base stations in 1800 MHz spectrum since 2.6 GHz is notThe Final Report on Spectrum Allocation Strategy (25 currently available.September 2009) prepared for regulator NCCproposes 800 MHz (digital dividend) and re-farmed Cell C is reported to be trialling LTE in existing 900900/1800MHz spectrum be made available for LTE. and in test 850 MHz spectrum.Leo (Cell One) has deployed GSM and HSPA Telkom South Africa (8ta) said its services havenetworks and has confirmed interest in acquiring sub- been built on an end-to-end all-IP 2G and 3G1GHz spectrum for LTE. network, which is future-proofed for LTE upgradesNigeria TunisiaGlobacom provides LTE-connectivity to a third party Tunisiana has selected its infrastructure partner tocompany now providing wireless backhaul services to upgrade its network to 3G and LTE.corporate users in Lagos and other cities. Globacomplans to launch LTE services for mobile users at a UAEfuture date as devices become available. Regulator TRA has confirmed its target is to releaseOman 790 ‒ 862 MHz by end of 2012; however the assignment method is not yet fixed. TRA has alsoOmantel showcased LTE TDD during the Salalah indicated to operators that 2.6 GHz spectrum - ifTourism Festival in July 2010 and at Comex 2011. required for LTE - is available.Omantel announced in June 2011 it was the first Arabnetwork to join the Global TD-LTE Initiative (GTI) Following trials, Etisalat plans to commercially launch LTE service in 2.6 GHz spectrum in 2011. TheQatar company showcased LTE at Gitex Technology Week in 2010.Vodafone announced the first live demonstration ofLTE in Qatar on December 7, 2010 in 800 MHz Du completed LTE trials in April 2011. Commercialspectrum. launch is expected in 2H 2011.
  19. 19. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011LTE TDD: summary of network plans, India RIL has committed to LTE TDD and iscommitments, trials, deployments expected to commercially launch in 2011.(referencing information contained in this report) Bharti Airtel is committed to LTE TDD and has joined the Global TD-LTE Initiative.Global TD-LTE Initiative launched at MWC 2011 Qualcomm India LTE Venture is committed toThe Global TD-LTE Initiative (GTI) was launched at LTE TDD. Tikona Digital is committed to deploy LTE TDDMWC 2011. Founding members were China Mobile, Ireland LTE TDD testing was completed June 2010Bharti Airtel, Softbank Mobile, Vodafone, Clearwire,Aero2 and E-Plus. According to the press release Japan Softbank Mobile is considering LTE TDD in the 2.6 GHz spectrum it owns and has joined the“GTI will focus on creating value for stakeholders Global TD-LTE Initiativeacross the TD-LTE ecosystem to promote the fastdevelopment of the technology, promoting the Malaysia WiMAX™ operator Packet Networks (P1) is planning to deploy LTE TDD on existing sitesconvergence of LTE TDD and FDD modes to as an overlay network. WiMAX™ operatormaximize the economies of scale, and sharing Asiaspace is exploring deployment of 2.3 GHz LTE TDDecosystem with other TDD technology, e.g. eXtended Oman Omantel showcased LTE TDD during theGlobal Platform (XGP) to establish a growth focused Salalah Tourism Festival in July 2010 and at Comex 2011, and had become the first Arabbusiness environment. The initiative aims to bring network to join the Global TD-LTE Initiativetogether leading industry partners to steer the TD-LTE ecosystem as a major standard in mobile Poland Aero2 is testing and deploying LTE TDD in 2.6 GHz in Aleksandrów Łódzki and Łódź;broadband technology & drive the development of commercial launch is planned in 2011. Aero2next generation mobile broadband networks. has joined the Global TD-LTE Initiative Russia WiMAX™ operator Yota is shifting to LTE Rostelecom plans to conduct LTE TDD trials inAustralia WiMAX™ operator Vivid Wireless trialled LTE 2.3 - 2.4 GHz spectrum TDD in Sydney for 2 months from December 2010 in high demand, high density, inner city Sweden Hutchison 3 has acquired 2.6 GHz TDD conditions. Commercial network launch is spectrum and plans to deploy a combined LTE expected by 2012 FDD and TDD network NBN Co is deploying a 2.3 GHz fixed-wireless Taiwan CHT has also completed LTE tests on the LTE TDD network to serve rural areas high-speed rail system using TDD and FDDChina China Mobile has launched large-scale LTE modes in 2.6GHz spectrum TDD trials consisting of more than 1,000 base FarEasTone and China Mobile are co- stations in Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, operating on an LTE TDD trial in Taipei Nanjing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Xiamen. The National Chiao Tung University conducted Commercial services are expected in 2012 a trial of LTE TDD in 2010Denmark Hutchison 3 has acquired 2.6 GHz TDD WiMAX operator Global Mobile Corp will seek spectrum and plans to deploy a combined LTE approval to allow a switch to LTE TDD once FDD and TDD network WiMAX coverage hits 70% of the populationFrance Orange has deployed a trial LTE network in Paris, initially with 10 MHz bandwidth USA Clearwire requested 3GPP to standardize LTE supporting FDD and TDD modes, upgraded to TDD for operation in the band 2496 – 2690 20 MHz in May 2010. FDD-TDD co-existence MHz and has released results of trials the tests are on-going company carried out on LTE TDD and FDDGermany E-Plus is a member of the Global TD-LTE systems in Phoenix, Arizona. Clearwire is a Initiative and is trialling LTE TDD in 2.6 GHz member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative spectrum
  20. 20. Evolution to LTE ReportJuly 6, 2011LTE1800: LTE deployments in 1800 MHz band LTE1800 Global Status: operator plans, commitments, deployments, launches, trialsDeployment of LTE in 1800 MHz spectrum is apromising option in several markets. This fact was Poland Aero2/ LTE1800 network launchedrecognized earliest by the Ministry of Transport & Mobyland – world’s firstCommunications in Finland, in their decision in April Lithuania Omnitel LTE1800 services2009 to allow LTE to be deployed in this spectrum launchedenables the possibility to provide networks for fast Singapore M1 LTE launched in 1800 andmobile broadband services with a substantially wider 2600 MHz bandscoverage at a lower cost than when using 2.6 GHz, Germany Deutsche LTE1800 launchedwhich requires a considerably larger number of base Telekomstations. The decision also means that wireless Australia Telstra LTE1800 in deployment fornetworks capable of transferring data more efficiently launch by end 2011could now be introduced (in Finland) more rapidly. As Australia Optus Trialsa result, mobile network operators in Finland are Australia VHA Trials completedplanning deployments of LTE in re-farmed 1800 MHz Estonia Elisa Interestedspectrum. In the first stage, LTE has been launched Finland Elisa Trialsusing 2.6 GHz channels, with the expectation that France Bouygues Trials Telecom1800 MHz will be used to extend the geographical Greece Cosmote Trials completedreach of LTE across the country. The motivations are Hong Kong CSL Limited LTE2600/DC-HSPA+clear: launched. LTE1800 to be  Coverage area approx. 2x compared to launched shortly deploying in 2.6 GHz band Hong Kong Smartone- Trials, deployment planned  Possibility to re-use assets including antenna Vodafone cables of GSM1800 or WCDMA-HSPA2100 Singapore StarHub Trials  Possibility to deploy multi-RAN with Slovenia Mobitel Trials. LTE to be deployed in simultaneous LTE and GSM capabilities 800, 1800 2600 MHz.  1800 MHz band widely available throughout LTE1800 to be commercially Europe, APAC, MEA, and some regions of launched in 2012 South America – thus having the potential to South MTN Trials Africa be a core - and global - band for LTE Thailand AIS-DPC Trials deployments Europe - DT/ Deployments planned in  Operators often have sufficient bandwidth in various T Mobile selected markets 1800 MHz to secure the full benefits of LTE Europe TeliaSonera Deployments planned in  Often easier to re-farm than 900 MHz selected markets  User device eco-system is building; a good Latvia Potential – in discussion choice of user devices expected by end 2011 Namibia Potential – in discussion  Can be a transition strategy between HSPA Russia Potential – in discussion and availability of new (e.g. 2.6 GHz, digital UK Potential – in discussion dividend) spectrum Positive outcomes to regulatory discussions on 1800 MHz re-farming will expand the market for LTE1800 LTE1800 User Devices Ecosystem GSA‟s Status of the LTE Ecosystem report (June 13, 2011 – download at identified Visit the LTE1800 Zone several LTE user devices are announced which can operate in 1800 MHz, thus confirming a good choice LTE1800 LinkedIN Group: of LTE1800 user devices is available today to support commercial service deployments.