Key to succesful listening and readingEmphasis has been on teaching skills:- listen for gist- scan- guess unknown wordsFocus is on coping with what students don’t know.The real source of improved receptive skills is vocab knoweldge
Lexis and text coverage– Text coverage Vocabulary size– 50% 100– 72% 1000– 80% 2000– 90% 6000– 97% 15000 (academic texts)
Additional problems for listening– Don’t know how individual sounds and words sound– Can’t tell where a word starts / finishes in speech (parsing)– Different sound shapes in speech (city / sea): speechinaction– Pronouns may be more common than the ‘collocation’ we teach (sort out theproblem / sort it out)– Different forms may be less obvious than when written (bored, boredom / correr,no corras, fui corriendo, corri 5 kilometros, corre)– Hear the word but different meaning. (run 5 miles, run a company, correr 5kilometros, correte un poco, puedes correr las cortinas?)– Don’t process words / chunks quick enough
Listening is also speakingAs we listen we give feedback:- Silence- Ask for clarification: eh? -- Comment: What a pain / that must’ve been good / Que fuerte! /Que rollo!- Add to comments and ask questions
Doing a listeningPre-listening ‘activating schemata’ should be seen as opportunity toteach vocabulary.– Mind maps from key wordsFocusing on vocab and connected speech following initial listening.– Gap fill listening– hotspots
What’s your name?wosyornamewusyunemDo you know it?duyewknowitjernuwitHow long have you been here?howLONGuvyubinherehaLUNguverbinierhttp://vocaroo.com/i/s1EE1mInDsqmSlow to fast chunks and questions
Word-lists and vocarooadd bill cashafraid bird chickenalcohol book coursehttp://vocaroo.com/i/s1TqZDheIVQzCan be self-checking, if based on a dictionary or answers sent later.
Please add your name to the list.If you want to go with us.Im afraid we dont have a vegetarian menu. Are you ok?This chocolate has alcohol .My husband asked for the bill and pay in cash.I feed the birds in the park. try to book the famous French restaurant. But its already its fullybooked.Sorry I have no cash on me, can you lend me some money? Do you like turkey? It tastes like chicken,if you like a chicken ,youll like it!What would you recommend ? The chefs speciality is a three course meal. you can choice each one in the menu.
Hearing words and formsAdapted Total Physical Response and ‘Simon Says’Single words with actions: watch / read / run / speak / eatCollocations: watch TV / watch my son playing footballGrammaticalised lexis: have you eaten? I ate too much at dinnerSimon says: (don’t do action when you hear a certain collocation)Simon says: (don’t do action if you hear a different meaning – have you got a watch? He runs a big company)
Vocabulary exercises– Say the examples / students write the collocate / Ss remember key words from the collocates– Revisit vocab exercises from previous week. Say sentences. Note if same or different meaning. Show sentences. Discuss meanings. – Examples and questions exploring words and co-text (hugh’s workshop) will help develop networks of language students will hear.
Listenership responses– Teaching responses – comments and questions can be predictable. Can also elicit (I’m pregnant).– DrillsSentences to elicit phrase: (appropriate or not) - How did you get into that? / Of course(clear differences) - What a pain! / That’s great.(more subtle differences) - What a pain! / What a shame!(more open) - That must be …(Short answers – slow and fast) – Where are you from etc.