Traditional Neighborhood Development


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Traditional Neighborhood Development

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Traditional Neighborhood Development

  1. 1. New Urbanism (Traditional Neighborhood Traditional Development) Development An introduction Wali Memon1 2010
  2. 2. Giving Physical Shape to CommunityAcross North America, and around theworld, an urban design movementcalled New Urbanism is changing theway our cities and towns are built. Wali Memon 2 2010
  3. 3. Giving Physical Shape to CommunityNew urbanist developments arewalkable neighborhoods, ratherthan large, single-use places withstreets hostile to pedestrians. Wali Memon 3 2010
  4. 4. Giving Physical Shape to CommunityNew Urbanism provides a range ofhousing choices, from apartmentsover storefronts to single-familyhomes with yards. Wali Memon 4 2010
  5. 5. Giving Physical Shape to CommunityCareful, participatory planning ensures that everyone in the neighborhoodhas easy access to the necessities of life, making life easier for kids, theelderly, and people who don’t want to drive. Wali Memon 5 2010
  6. 6. Response to a ProblemSince World War II, cities have been spreading ever-outward. Strip malls,parking lots, highways, and housing tracts have sprawled over the landscape. Wali Memon 6 2010
  7. 7. Response to a ProblemToo many urban neighborhoods have been blighted by oversized housing projectsand centralized redevelopment schemes. Wali Memon 7 2010
  8. 8. Response to a ProblemEven older suburbs have suffered as new ones continue to spring up,skimming off tax base. Wali Memon 8 2010
  9. 9. What’s Old in New UrbanismMany of the planning ideas behind New Urbanism are not new. Wali Memon 9 2010
  10. 10. What’s Old in New UrbanismUrban design has been an art for millennia. Wali Memon 10 2010
  11. 11. What’s Old in New UrbanismSince America was founded, many of ourbest-loved towns and cities have beencarefully planned. Wali Memon 11 2010
  12. 12. Where it’s neededNew Urbanism is often associated withnew towns such as Seaside, Florida.In fact, New Urbanism guidesdevelopment at all scales, from thebuilding to the region. Wali Memon 12 2010
  13. 13. Where it’s neededIt includes sizable infill projects within existing cities and towns.Like in Bethesda, Maryland. Wali Memon 13 2010
  14. 14. Where it’s neededOr New Urbanism can be small projects on individual blocks, like the blockon 8th and Pearl in Boulder, Colorado. Wali Memon 14 2010
  15. 15. Where it’s neededIt can also apply to redeveloped neighborhoods like Park DuValle in Louisville, Kentucky. Wali Memon 15 2010
  16. 16. Where it’s neededNew Urbanism includes greenfield projects, also called traditional neighborhooddevelopments (TNDs). Marylands Kentlands and Lakelands are among the best-known. Wali Memon 16 2010
  17. 17. Where it’s neededNew Urbanists also take part in regional planning. In New Jersey, a statewideplan has focused public investment into existing centers, and a statewide designguideline is helping keep the state’s small towns vibrant. Wali Memon 17 2010
  18. 18. The Principles of New UrbanismThe principles of the New Urbanism aredefined by a Charter, which wasdeveloped between 1993 and 1996 by abroad range of architects, planners,interested citizens, scholars, electedofficials, and developers. It was ratifiedat the fourth annual Congress, theannual meeting sponsored by CNU. Wali Memon 18 2010
  19. 19. The Principles of New UrbanismIts principles are divided into three categories:• The Region: Metropolis, City and Town• The Neighborhood, the District, and the Corridor• The Block, the Street, and the Building Wali Memon 19 2010
  20. 20. The RegionFor new urbanists, the region is the overallcontext for all planning. That means planningmust often cross traditional jurisdictionallines in order to create a healthy region. Wali Memon 20 2010
  21. 21. The RegionTowns within a region need a comprehensivemetropolitan strategy in order to prosper. Eachtown should have both homes—for people ofall incomes—and jobs. That way, residentsaren’t forced to travel far to work. Each townalso needs a discrete sense of place. Jobs Wali Memon 21 Homes 2010
  22. 22. The RegionNew Urbanism calls for towns to develop in theappropriate style for their surroundings, whilerespecting their neighbors. Gainesville, FL Boca Raton, FL Wali Memon 22 2010
  23. 23. The RegionTowns and cities within aregion should have clearboundaries, contributing toa sense of place. The landbetween towns should bepreserved as open space—wilderness or farm-land.These edges are as importantas the centers to the successof New Urbanism. Wali Memon 23 2010
  24. 24. The RegionWilderness, farmland, villages, town edges, town centers, city neighborhoods, and citycenters each have their own building densities, street sizes, and appropriate mixtures ofretail, residential, and other functions. Wali Memon 24 2010
  25. 25. The NeighborhoodDiverse, walkable neighborhoods are what distinguish New Urbanismfrom other modern development styles. Wali Memon 25 2010
  26. 26. The NeighborhoodThe word “neighborhood” gets tossedaround a lot in real estate brochures, so itis important to be clear what it means.Each neighborhood has a center andan edge. The center should be a publicspace, whether a square, a green, or animportant intersection. Wali Memon 26 2010
  27. 27. The NeighborhoodThe optimal size of a neighborhood isa quarter-mile from center to edge.For most people, a quarter mile is afive-minute walk. For aneighborhood to feel walkable, manydaily needs should be supplied withinthis five-minute walk. That includesnot only homes, but stores,workplaces, schools, houses ofworship, and recreational areas. Wali Memon 27 2010
  28. 28. The NeighborhoodPeople within a quarter-mile radius will walk to a majortransit stop. Those who live further from a transit nodeare less likely to bother with the train or bus. Wali Memon 28 2010
  29. 29. The NeighborhoodPeople within a quarter-mile radius will walk to amajor transit stop. Those who live further from a transitnode are less likely to bother with the train or bus. Wali Memon 29 2010
  30. 30. The Block, Street, and BuildingIf there is one thing that reduces the livability of most postwar suburbs, it is the fact thatstreets do not feel like pleasant, shared spaces. Wali Memon 30 2010
  31. 31. The Block, Street, and BuildingIn New Urbanism, streetsare safe, comfortable,interesting places forpeople to walk and meet.Buildings open ontosidewalks, rather thanparking lots. Windows anddoors facing the sidewalkmake streets safer, andmore interesting, foreveryone. Wali Memon 31 2010
  32. 32. The Block, Street, and BuildingNew urbanist streets usebuildings to provide a con-sistent and understandableedge. This accommodatesbuildings of all styles andfunctions. Importantlocations are reserved forgrand, attention-gettingbuildings; other sites requirebuildings to respect theircontext. Wali Memon 32 2010
  33. 33. The Block, Street, and BuildingNew urbanist streets canaccommodate cars whilealso providing comfort andconvenience forpedestrians, bicyclists,and wheelchair users. Wali Memon 33 2010
  34. 34. The Block, Street, and BuildingSince the suburban boom of the1950s, urban design has taken aback seat. New urbanists are helpingto rediscover this largely lost art.Excellent design can make a denseneighborhood feel livable and open.CNU’s award programs recognizebeautiful, livable neighborhoods. Fonti di Matilde, Italy State St, Chicago Memon Wali 34 2010 Washington Township, New Jersey
  35. 35. Early EffortsThe first new urbanist town to get built from theground up was Seaside, on the Florida coast. Wali Memon 35 2010
  36. 36. Early EffortsBetween 1985 and 1993, several morelarge-scale projects were undertaken inAmerica’s fast-growing suburbs.Kentlands and Laguna West were two ofthe best-known and most ambitious efforts. Wali Memon 36 2010 Laguna West, CA Kentlands, MD
  37. 37. Early EffortsIn the early 1990s, the movement was often termed “neo-traditional” planning. However, that term was a misnomer.As the New Urbanism evolved, its proponents recognizedthat good urbanism is possible with many types ofarchitecture, town layouts, and densities. Wali Memon 37 2010
  38. 38. Progress in the SuburbsNew urbanist architects, planners, and developerscontinue to work on suburban and new towncommunities; they are now under construction inmost states of the U.S. and in other countriesfrom the Philippines to Finland. Wali Memon 38 2010
  39. 39. Progress in the SuburbsSuburbs have not been immune to decline. As places they often engender even lessloyalty than older cities. Todays suburbs can be as impersonal as the large gray cities ofthe past, and traffic has proved worse. Wali Memon 39 2010
  40. 40. Progress in the SuburbsSuburbs provide fertile ground for new urbanists, who are increasingly interested in infillprojects, housing project redevelopment, and retrofitting town centers into existingsuburbs. Wali Memon 40 2010
  41. 41. Progress in the SuburbsIn new suburban developments, new urbanistsare including an ever-wider range ofarchitectural styles. While many new urbanistdevelopments have been built with colonial-stylearchitecture, recent projects includeneighborhoods of contemporary homes andadobe. Wali Memon 41 2010
  42. 42. Cities Get ItIn 1990, most older American cities wereneglected and deteriorating. New homebuyers were almost exclusivelyinterested in living on the urban fringe. Wali Memon 42 2010
  43. 43. Cities Get ItToday, young childless households and empty nesters are jostling for urban real estate. Urbanreinvestment is paying off. Older cities have become America’s hottest real estate markets. Wali Memon 43 2010
  44. 44. Cities Get ItNew urbanists have been taking part in urbanredevelopment for years, and are now part of thecomprehensive movement for livable cities.Projects include neighborhood plans, loftredevelopment, transit villages, and the revival ofaging Main Streets. Wali Memon 44 2010
  45. 45. Other SuccessesThe U.S. Department of Housingand Urban Development has takenNew Urbanism to heart with its HOPEVI program. HOPE VI replaces aging,alienating housing projects withtownhouses, single-family homes,and apartments on walkable,comfortable street grids. Wali Memon 45 2010
  46. 46. Other SuccessesMeanwhile, the U.S. GeneralServices Administration — thefederal government’s landlord andthe nation’s largest developer — hasadopted a new urbanist agenda.Where in the past federal buildingshave not always fit in with theirsurroundings, the GSA hasdedicated itself to using federalinvestments to improve streets,neighborhoods, and regions. Wali Memon 46 2010
  47. 47. Other SuccessesDead mall redevelopment: Mallsbuilt in the 1960s, 70s, and even 80sare already failing in cities and oldersuburbs. But with the help of newurbanists, some are being convertedinto real neighborhoods. Wali Memon 47 2010
  48. 48. SummaryToday, real estate investors are withdrawing from sprawl development. Every year, itgrows clearer that there is a tremendous market demand for real neighborhoods,for lively cities, and for regions with plenty of protected open space. Wali Memon 48 2010
  49. 49. SummaryNew Urbanism is inspiring political leaders eager to solve social, economic, and trafficproblems all at once — while making cities and towns more beautiful and dignified. Popular"Smart Growth" policies promote New Urbanism while reducing subsidies for sprawl. Thesepolicies are now at the top of the agenda for the nation’s mayors and governors. Wali Memon 49 2010
  50. 50. Wali Memon50 2010
  51. 51. SummaryEnvironmentalists, businesspeople, politicians, developers, and citizens are comingtogether to support the development strategy called New Urbanism, and the policies ofSmart Growth. Together, we will create better cities and towns. Wali Memon 51 2010 Presentation production and design by Urban Advantage
  52. 52. Thanks Wali Memon52 2010 Presentation production and design by Urban Advantage