Romantic Poetry


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Romantic Poetry

  1. 1. The Romantic Poets1 Wali Memon Wali Memon
  2. 2. Romantic Poets The romantic poets were trying to create a new kind of poetry that emphasised intuition over reason. They also preferred to write about nature and the countryside to writing about the city.2 Wali Memon
  3. 3. Private Lives People tend to be as interested in the private lives of the romantic poets as they are in their poetry. This is probably because they were writing about personal matters in their poems.3 Wali Memon
  4. 4. SIX main Romantic Poets: William Blake (1757-1827) William Wordsworth (1770-1850) Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) Lord Byron (1788-1724) Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) John Keats (1795-1821)4 Wali Memon
  5. 5. Four Poems Today we are going to look at four poems by four poets. When studying poems, it is important to consider both the subject matter of the poem and HOW it is written – Does it rhyme? Are the lines short or long? Is it written in simple or complicated language?5 Wali Memon
  6. 6. William Wordsworth 1770-1850 Wordsworth was one of the first and most well-known of the ROMANTIC POETS. Wali Memon 6
  7. 7. Lake District Wordsworth lived in the Lake District which is a particularly beautiful part of England. Wali Memon 7
  8. 8. Daffodils Daffodils is a typical romantic poem. It describes how the natural world can have a calming, positive effect on the mood of people who take the time to appreciate it.8 Wali Memon
  9. 9. Stanzas Daffodils has four STANZAS of six lines. A stanza is like a paragraph of a poem. Each stanza follows the A/B/A/B/C/C rhyming pattern.9 Wali Memon
  10. 10. Daffodils I WANDERED lonely as a cloud A That floats on high oer vales and hills, B When all at once I saw a crowd, A A host, of golden daffodils; B Beside the lake, beneath the trees, C Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. C10 Wali Memon
  11. 11. John Keats 1795-1821 Keats was only 26 when he died but he still wrote many of the most famous poems in English. Wali Memon 11
  12. 12. Criticism During his lifetime, he was never appreciated by literary critics. Shelley claimed that a particularly uncomplimentary attack on one of his poems had in fact killed him. (He actually died of tuberculosis.)12 Wali Memon
  13. 13. To Autumn To Autumn has three stanzas. Like Daffodils, it is a celebration of the natural world. But its rhymes are unusual….13 Wali Memon
  14. 14. Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness, A Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun; B Conspiring with him how to load and bless A With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run; B To bend with apples the mossed cottage-trees, C And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core; D To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells E With a sweet kernel; to set budding more, D And still more, later flowers for the bees, C Until they think warm days will never cease, C For Summer has oer-brimmed their clammy cells. E14 Wali Memon
  15. 15. Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store? A Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find B Thee sitting careless on a granary floor, A Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind; B Or on a half-reaped furrow sound asleep, C Drowsd with the fume of poppies, while thy hook D Spares the next swath and all its twinéd flowers: E And sometimes like a gleaner thou dost keep C Steady thy laden head across a brook; D Or by a cider-press, with patient look, D Thou watchest the last oozings hours by hours. E15 Wali Memon
  16. 16. Where are the songs of Spring? Ay, where are they? A Think not of them, thou hast thy music too,— B While barréd clouds bloom the soft-dying day, A And touch the stubble-plains with rosy hue; B Then in a wailful choir the small gnats mourn C Among the river sallows, borne aloft D Or sinking as the light wind lives or dies; E And full-grown lambs loud bleat from hilly bourn; C Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft D The red-breast whistles from a garden-croft; D And gathering swallows twitter in the skies. E16 Wali Memon
  17. 17. Reading a Poem When reading a poem, you should always follow the PUNCTUATION, not the break in the lines. Sometimes this means it is more difficult to hear the rhymes, but the poet will have done this deliberately.17 Wali Memon
  18. 18. Lord Byron 1788 - 1824 Byron was famous for being extremely handsome as well as being a poet. He was also famous for having lots of affairs. Wali Memon 18
  19. 19. We’ll go no more a-roving We’ll go no more a-roving is quite a sad poem. “a-roving” means chasing women. But it is more generally understood as a poem about how old age will conquer youth. (Byron wrote this poem when he was 29!!!)19 Wali Memon
  20. 20. We’ll go no more a-roving The rhyming structure of this poem is very straightforward: SO, well go no more a-roving, A So late into the night, B Though the heart be still as loving, A And the moon be still as bright. B20 Wali Memon
  21. 21. Set to Music The simple structure of this poem, makes it ideal to set to music. The sad, nostalgic subject matter makes it particularly powerful as a song.21 Wali Memon
  22. 22. Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822 Like Byron, Shelley had an interesting personal life. Byron and Shelley were good friends. Wali Memon 22
  23. 23. Marriage Percy Shelley married for the first time when he was 19. He often left his young wife alone for long periods of time, eventually he left her (while she was pregnant) for Mary Godwin. They married after his first wife, Harriet, committed suicide. Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein in 1818.23 Wali Memon
  24. 24. Sonnets Ozymandias is a SONNET Sonnets are poems of one 14 line stanza. In a sonnet, each line usually has 10 SYLABLES.24 Wali Memon
  25. 25. Ozymandias 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I MET a Traveler from an antique land, Who said, "Two vast and trunkless legs of stone Stand in the desart. Near them, on the sand,25 Wali Memon
  26. 26. Ozymandias Ozymandias is a poem about trying to preserve a legacy after death. In the poem the once powerful leader, Ozymandias, is reduced to a broken statue lying in the sand.26 Wali Memon
  27. 27. We’ll go no more a-roving and Ozymandias are not poems about nature, like Daffodils and To Autumn. Instead they deal with issues of death and the passage of time. They are both very SYMBOLIC, using night or a statue to represent certain ideas.27 Wali Memon
  28. 28. Politics Both Shelley and Byron were politically radical. Byron died of a fever in Greece when he went to fight against the Ottoman empire in the Greek Wars of Independence. Shelley believed in reform and better conditions for the “lower classes.” He died when his boat sank. Some people believed he was murdered due to his extreme views.28 Wali Memon