Prospects for Waste-to-            Energy          Wali Memon1   Wali Memon
What is Waste-to-Energy?Waste-to-Energy is a specially designed energygeneration facility that uses household waste as   f...
Converting Waste Into Clean Renewable Power      Helps Solve Three of the Nation’s Biggest Challenges Green Jobs     - A n...
Waste-to-EnergyPlaying a Significant Roll 4   Wali Memon
Renewable Energy    U.S. EPA states that Waste-to-Energy “produces electricity with less    environmental impact than almo...
Environmentally Sustainable Waste Disposal        EPA’s MSW Hierarchy places Waste-to-Energy above landfill        for dis...
Waste-to-Energy FacilityReducing the Volume of Waste & Saving Space in the Landfill while              Generating Clean, R...
Environmental Performance  Waste-to-EnergyFalse: “The EPA requires incinerators “to use the best               Pollutant  ...
Environmental PerformanceWaste-to-EnergyClimate ChangeFalse: “As a source of energy, burning trash produces more global wa...
Environmental Performance of Waste-to-EnergyClimate Change                       1.5                                      ...
Waste-to-Energy     is Compatible with RecyclingWaste-to-Energy and recycling are complementary parts of an  integrated wa...
International Perspective  Europe       EU Landfill Directive            65% reduction in landfilling of biodegradable Mun...
International Perspective 13   Wali Memon
Legislative Recognition Congress has provided incentives waste-to-energy in key ways: •    Section 45 Renewable Energy Pro...
Waste-to-Energy Attractiveness   Factors that are making local governments look at WTE:   1. Energy Prices   2. Metal Reco...
Waste-to-Energy Growth Opportunities   Greenfield Projects    WTE Expansions   Frederick County, MD   Lee County, FL   Har...
Summary   Why are the Prospects for WTE Burgeoning in the United States?   1. Policymakers are looking for renewable energ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Prospects for Waste-to-Energy

2,075 views
1,938 views

Published on

0 Comments
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,075
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Prospects for Waste-to-Energy

  1. 1. Prospects for Waste-to- Energy Wali Memon1 Wali Memon
  2. 2. What is Waste-to-Energy?Waste-to-Energy is a specially designed energygeneration facility that uses household waste as fuel and helps solve some of society’s big challenges Municipal Solid Waste 1 ton Power: up to 750 kWh Metal: 50 lbs Ash: 10% of original volume2 Wali Memon
  3. 3. Converting Waste Into Clean Renewable Power Helps Solve Three of the Nation’s Biggest Challenges Green Jobs - A new facility creates $1 Billion of economic activity Clean, Renewable Energy - 500,000 tons of MSW per year = 400,000,000 kWh Climate Change - One ton of trash avoids one ton of CO2 eq. 3 Wali Memon
  4. 4. Waste-to-EnergyPlaying a Significant Roll 4 Wali Memon
  5. 5. Renewable Energy U.S. EPA states that Waste-to-Energy “produces electricity with less environmental impact than almost any other source” 25 States and the federal government defined Waste-to-Energy as renewable The United States must utilize all renewable sources to reach its goals Waste-to-Energy produces up to 750kWh per ton while landfill gas produces 65 kWh per ton Waste-to-Energy complements other renewable sources 24 hours per day, 7 days per week Fewer fossil fuels burned: 1 ton of waste ~¼ ton of coal or ~1 barrel of oil A new 1,500 ton/day facility = 50 MW electricity5 Wali Memon
  6. 6. Environmentally Sustainable Waste Disposal EPA’s MSW Hierarchy places Waste-to-Energy above landfill for disposal for post-recycled waste Waste-to-Energy reduces Greenhouse gases Every ton of waste processed avoids one ton of CO2 equivalent Waste-to-Energy reduces the volume of waste by 90% Extends the life of the landfills Reduces future long haul transportation 6 Wali Memon
  7. 7. Waste-to-Energy FacilityReducing the Volume of Waste & Saving Space in the Landfill while Generating Clean, Renewable Energy 13,000 KWh generated 90% volume IN reduction OUT 100 cubic yards 10 cubic yards 7 Wali Memon of waste of (inert) ash
  8. 8. Environmental Performance Waste-to-EnergyFalse: “The EPA requires incinerators “to use the best Pollutant 1990-2005%control technologies,” but unfortunately, the best control reductiontechnology is a poor technology and ineffective of Dioxin 99removing the toxins from an incinerators emissions.” Mercury 96http://sierraclubmass.org/issues/conservation/zw/incineration.html Cadmium 96 Lead 97 Particulate 96 Fact: “The performance Matter of the MACT retrofit has HCl 94 been outstanding.” SO2 88 USEPA 8/10/2007 NOx 24 8 Wali Memon
  9. 9. Environmental PerformanceWaste-to-EnergyClimate ChangeFalse: “As a source of energy, burning trash produces more global warming CO2 thannatural gas, oil, or even coal.” http://www.sierraclubmass.org/issues/legislative/incineration.htm25002000 Waste Not, Want Not Ted Michaels, Energy Recovery Council1500 April, 20091000 500 0 Coal Oil Natural Gas Waste-to-Energy Fact: The IPCC, in its 2007 4th Assessment Report (Synthesis Report, Table 4.2), calls waste incineration with energy recovery a key waste mitigation technology. 9 Wali Memon
  10. 10. Environmental Performance of Waste-to-EnergyClimate Change 1.5 CO2 from the combustion 1.0 of biomass not counted as an emission CO2 from the combustion Ton CO2e / ton MSW 0.5 of plastics counted as an emission 0.0 -0.5 -1.0 -1.5 CO2 from combustion Fossil CO2 avoided by Methane avoided by Net GHG factor of MSW WTE power WTE 10 Wali Memon WTE Life Cycle Unit Operations
  11. 11. Waste-to-Energy is Compatible with RecyclingWaste-to-Energy and recycling are complementary parts of an integrated waste management program. 2009 report conducted by Eileen Berenyi of Governmental Advisory Associates Actual recycling rate of WTE communities (33.2%) is greater than the national average (28.5% calculated by BioCycle/Columbia University) Recycling rates of Massachusetts communities served by Waste- to-Energy plants are higher than state average (MA DEP data).11 Wali Memon
  12. 12. International Perspective Europe EU Landfill Directive 65% reduction in landfilling of biodegradable Municipal Solid Waste Currently over 400 Waste-to-Energy Facilities 2008 study estimated an additional 100 new facilities by 2012 China Target 30% Waste-to-Energy by 2030 Preferential feed-in electricity tariff Kyoto Protocol Recognizes Waste-to-Energy as an eligible offset in CDM protocol Davos Report—The World Economic Forum Identifies eight emerging clean energy sectors including wind, solar and Waste-to-Energy. 12 Wali Memon
  13. 13. International Perspective 13 Wali Memon
  14. 14. Legislative Recognition Congress has provided incentives waste-to-energy in key ways: • Section 45 Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits • Federal Government Renewable Purchasing Program • Congressional proposals to establish Renewable Energy Standard (RES) • Congressional proposals to establish a cap-and-trade program and hold WTE harmless 14 Wali Memon
  15. 15. Waste-to-Energy Attractiveness Factors that are making local governments look at WTE: 1. Energy Prices 2. Metal Recovery 3. Renewable incentives 4. Net-GHG reducer 5. Long-term price stability 6. Control over waste stream 15 Wali Memon
  16. 16. Waste-to-Energy Growth Opportunities Greenfield Projects WTE Expansions Frederick County, MD Lee County, FL Harford County, MD Hillsborough County, FL West Palm Beach, FL Olmsted, MN Los Angeles, CA Pope-Douglas, MN York-Durham, ON Honolulu, HI Chester County, SC Hempstead, NY Elbert County, GA Cleveland, OH Milwaukee, WI Taunton, MA Fall River, MA 16 Wali Memon
  17. 17. Summary Why are the Prospects for WTE Burgeoning in the United States? 1. Policymakers are looking for renewable energy sources that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce dependence on fossil fuels. 2. Dependable and long-term solutions for municipal solid waste disposal remains a paramount concern for local governments. 3. Higher energy revenues, metals recovery, renewable incentives, and decades of operational efficiency have made waste-to-energy more cost-competitive. 4. High price of transportation fuel coupled with increased distance to new landfills makes landfilling more expensive. 17 Wali Memon

×