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EIA

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EIA

EIA

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EIA EIA Presentation Transcript

  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT EIA) (EIA)1 Wali Memon Wali Memon
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  • America, like China, is a large country with a great diversity of natural communities. Like China, we have many environmental NGOS, whose members are active at all levels of government. Why are we all here??….to share our experiences and to learn from each other new ways to protect our environment.5 Wali Memon
  • WHAT IS “EIA” ? a PROCESS for decision-making, NOT a formula for preparing a document. What is the purpose of EIA? Here are a few answers—for example:6 Wali Memon
  • What is the purpose of EIA ?To “…encourage productive and enjoyableharmony between man and his environment;to promote efforts which will prevent oreliminate damage to the environment andbiosphere and stimulate the health and welfareof man; to enrich the understanding of theecological systems and natural resourcesimportant to the Nation....”(National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, (NEPA)Section 2, as enacted by the Congress of the UnitedStates of America7 Wali Memon
  • What is the purpose of EIA ? “To implement a strategy of sustainable development, prevent adverse impact on the environment after the implementation of plans and construction projects, and promote coordinated development of the economy, society, and environment.” (Environmental Impact Assessment Law, 1600/20002.10.28, adopted at the 30th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 9th National Peoples Congress, Peoples Republic of China)8 Wali Memon
  • What is the purpose of EIA ? To allow government officials, business leaders, and all concerned citizens to understand the likely environmental consequences of proposed actions, and to cooperate in making wise decisions that restore and maintain the quality of our shared environment for future generations. R. B. Smythe9 Wali Memon
  • What is the purpose of EIA ? “To LOOK before you LEAP!”• EIA is now a required process in more than 100 nations.• The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) is a global network with 2,700 members from more than 80 countries.10 Wali Memon
  • WHAT CHANGES CAN EIA BRING?Before introduction of EIA:•Government planning and decision-making: “D-A-D” ---- “Decide, Announce, Defend”•Role of NGOs, citizens: “Critics” “Objectors” “Protestors”•Environmental conditions: 11 Steadily deteriorating Wali Memon
  • WHAT CHANGES CAN EIA BRING?After Implementing EIA:•Government planning and decision-making: “D-D-D” ---- “Discuss, Decide, Deliver”•Role of NGOs, citizens: “Stakeholders” “Contributors” “Participants”•Environmental conditions: Deterioration slows; some areas improving 12 Wali MemonSource: Hui, Y.M. (Simon), Environmental Protection Dept., HKSAR
  • KEY ELEMENTS OF EIA1. EIA must be undertaken EARLY in the development of proposed projects, plans, and programs, and must be completed BEFORE a decision to proceed is made.2. EIA must be an OBJECTIVE, IMPARTIAL analytical process, not a way of promoting or “selling” a proposal to decision-makers—it must use accepted scientific principles and methods.13 Wali Memon
  • KEY ELEMENTS OF EIA3. EIA must analyze all REASONABLY FORESEEABLE environmental impacts or effects of a proposed action— effects may be short-term, long-term, direct, or indirect. 4. The process of EIA must be OPEN – to government officials at all levels, to potential stakeholders (those with direct interests in the proposed14 action), and to the PUBLIC. Wali Memon
  • KEY ELEMENTS OF EIA5. There must be an early, public SCOPING stage in EIA to consider ALTERNATIVES and to help focus subsequent analysis on the MORE SIGNIFICANT potential impacts – rather than studying all possible environmental effects—the GOAL is to reach a decision. 6. Government officials responsible for implementing EIA must ENCOURAGE (not just tolerate) PUBLIC PARTICIPATION in15 the process from the scoping stage forward. Wali Memon
  • KEY ELEMENTS OF EIA7. In all EIA processes, effective MITIGATION MEASURES must be identified and included—to avoid, minimize, or reduce the adverse effects of all potentially significant impacts. 8. EIA reports must include an ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) or Action Plan to MONITOR the implementation phase of the project, plan, or program and provide for CORRECTIVE actions—such action plans must have16 assured FUNDING and be legally Wali Memon enforceable.
  • HOW CAN NGOs PARTICIPATE EFFECTIVELY IN EIA? 1. Start with a COOPERATIVE attitude: your goal is to HELP the persons responsible to use the EIA process to benefit BOTH environment and development. 2. LEARN as much as possible about the proposal before forming your opinions; IDENTIFY the responsible persons and agencies; ASK them for all available information so that you are well-informed.17 Wali Memon
  • HOW CAN NGOs PARTICIPATE EFFECTIVELY IN EIA? 3. IDENTIFY yourself and your organization; tell officials that you want to participate in the EIA process as soon as it begins—also tell them WHY you want to participate and HOW you can contribute to making the process USEFUL for them. 4. Be polite, but also be persistent—the new EIA law gives you both the RIGHT and the RESPONSIBILITY to be a participant.18 Wali Memon
  • HOW CAN NGOs PARTICIPATE EFFECTIVELY IN EIA? 5. Do not claim to be an expert on complex issues if you are not—try to CONSULT OTHERS who have special knowledge and skills. 6. Whenever you raise an environmental PROBLEM, offer a possible SOLUTION —an alternative strategy, or location, or design, etc.19 Wali Memon
  • HOW CAN NGOs PARTICIPATE EFFECTIVELY IN EIA? 7. Provide officials with specific COMMENTS and RECOMMENDATIONS from your NGO in writing, as EARLY in the decision process as possible. 8. STAY INVOLVED in the process, even if your position and your recommendations are not initially accepted. Continue to make your concerns known to all in a RESPECTFUL but PERSUASIVE manner.20 Wali Memon
  • CONTENT OF EIA ANALYSIS Physical components: Land Air Water Energy21 Wali Memon
  • CONTENT OF EIA ANALYSIS Bio-Cultural components: Nature Culture People Access22 Wali Memon
  • EIA Impact Analysis Summary Table PHASE: Construction Operation Termination _______________________________________________ Physical: Land Air Water Energy _______________________________________________ Bio-Cultural: Nature Culture People23 Access Wali Memon
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