Colors of Thinking

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Edward De Bono six thinking hats

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Colors of Thinking

  1. 1. Creative Problem Solving with Six Thinking Hats How to use Edward deBono’s parallel thinking in problem solving Wali MemonWali Memon 1 June 06,2010
  2. 2. Goals of this program ∗ Define parallel thinking ∗ Identify each of the six hats ∗ Learn how to ask a good question ∗ Apply six hats method to problem solvingWali Memon 2 June 06,2010
  3. 3. What is parallel thinking? At any moment everyone is looking in the same direction.Wali Memon 3 June 06,2010
  4. 4. So the six hats are…? ∗ Six colors of hats for six types of thinking ∗ Each hat identifies a type of thinking ∗ Hats are directions of thinking ∗ Hats help a group use parallel thinking ∗ You can “put on” and “take off” a hatWali Memon 4 June 06,2010
  5. 5. Uses for Six Hats ∗ Problem solving ∗ Strategic planning ∗ Running meetings ∗ Much moreWali Memon 5 June 06,2010
  6. 6. Six colors… ∗ White: neutral, objective ∗ Red: emotional, angry ∗ Black: serious, somber ∗ Yellow: sunny, positive ∗ Green: growth, fertility ∗ Blue: cool, sky aboveWali Memon 6 June 06,2010
  7. 7. …and six hats ∗ White: objective facts & figures ∗ Red: emotions & feelings ∗ Black: cautious & careful ∗ Yellow: hope, positive & speculative ∗ Green: creativity, ideas & lateral thinking ∗ Blue: control & organization of thinkingWali Memon 7 June 06,2010
  8. 8. General hat issues ∗ Direction, not description ∗ Set out to think in a certain direction ∗ “Let’s have some black hat thinking…” ∗ Not categories of people ∗ Not: “He’s a black hat thinker.” ∗ Everyone can and should use all the hats ∗ A constructive form of showing off ∗ Show off by being a better thinker ∗ Not destructive right vs. wrong argument ∗ Use in whole or in partWali Memon 8 June 06,2010
  9. 9. Benefits of Six Thinking Hats ∗ Provides a common language ∗ Experience & intelligence of each person (Diversity of thought) ∗ Use more of our brains ∗ Helps people work against type, preference ∗ Removal of ego (reduce confrontation) ∗ Save time ∗ Focus (one thing at a time) ∗ Create, evaluate & implement action plansWali Memon 9 June 06,2010
  10. 10. Using the hats ∗ Use any hat, as often as needed ∗ Sequence can be preset or evolving ∗ Not necessary to use every hat ∗ Time under each hat: generally, short ∗ Requires discipline from each person ∗ While using it, stay in the idiom ∗ Adds an element of play, play along ∗ Can be used by individuals and groupsWali Memon 10 June 06,2010
  11. 11. The blue hat ∗ Thinking about thinking ∗ Instructions for thinking ∗ The organization of thinking ∗ Control of the other hats ∗ Discipline and focusWali Memon 11 June 06,2010
  12. 12. The blue hat role ∗ Control of thinking & the process ∗ Begin & end session with blue hat ∗ Facilitator, session leader’s role ∗ Choreography ∗ open, sequence, close ∗ Focus: what should we be thinking about ∗ Asking the right questions ∗ Defining & clarifying the problem ∗ Setting the thinking tasksWali Memon 12 June 06,2010
  13. 13. Open with the blue hat… ∗ Why we are here ∗ what we are thinking about ∗ definition of the situation or problem ∗ alternative definitions ∗ what we want to achieve ∗ where we want to end up ∗ the background to the thinking ∗ a plan for the sequence of hatsWali Memon 13 June 06,2010
  14. 14. …and close with the blue hat ∗ What we have achieved ∗ Outcome ∗ Conclusion ∗ Design ∗ Solution ∗ Next stepsWali Memon 14 June 06,2010
  15. 15. White Hat Thinking ∗ Neutral, objective information ∗ Facts & figures ∗ Questions: what do we know, what don’t we know, what do we need to know ∗ Excludes opinions, hunches, judgements ∗ Removes feelings & impressions ∗ Two tiers of facts ∗ Believed Facts ∗ Checked FactsWali Memon 15 June 06,2010
  16. 16. Red Hat Thinking ∗ Emotions & feelings ∗ Hunches, intuitions, impressions ∗ Doesn’t have to be logical or consistent ∗ No justifications, reasons or basis ∗ All decisions are emotional in the endWali Memon 16 June 06,2010
  17. 17. Yellow Hat Thinking ∗ Positive & speculative ∗ Positive thinking, optimism, opportunity ∗ Benefits ∗ Best-case scenarios ∗ ExplorationWali Memon 17 June 06,2010
  18. 18. Green Hat Thinking ∗ New ideas, concepts, perceptions ∗ Deliberate creation of new ideas ∗ Alternatives and more alternatives ∗ New approaches to problems ∗ Creative & lateral thinkingWali Memon 18 June 06,2010
  19. 19. Black Hat Thinking ∗ Cautious and careful ∗ Logical negative – why it won’t work ∗ Critical judgement, pessimistic view ∗ Separates logical negative from emotional ∗ Focus on errors, evidence, conclusions ∗ Logical & truthful, but not necessarily fairWali Memon 19 June 06,2010
  20. 20. Six hats summary Blue: control & organization of thinking White: objective facts & figures Red: emotions & feelings Yellow: hope, positive & speculative Green: creativity, ideas & lateral thinking Black: cautious & carefulWali Memon 20 June 06,2010
  21. 21. Asking the right question ∗ We can’t get the right answer if we ask the wrong question ∗ Crucial blue hat skill ∗ One technique: five whysWali Memon 21 June 06,2010
  22. 22. Creative Problem SolvingWali Memon 22 June 06,2010
  23. 23. “Traditional” CPS ∗ Mess-finding ∗ Data-finding ∗ Problem-finding ∗ Idea-finding ∗ Solution-finding ∗ Acceptance-findingWali Memon 23 June 06,2010
  24. 24. Common idea-finding methods ∗ Brainstorming ∗ Mind Maps ∗ Free association ∗ Freewriting ∗ IncubationWali Memon 24 June 06,2010
  25. 25. Six hats & problem solving ∗ A more deliberate process than CPS ∗ Like CPS, uses creativity (green hat) ∗ Unlike CPS, provides a mechanism for evaluating ideas & making decisionsWali Memon 25 June 06,2010
  26. 26. Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 1 ∗ Blue hat ∗ Organize the process ∗ Red hat ∗ Emotional issues & feelings ∗ White hat ∗ What do we know, need to know ∗ Yellow hat ∗ Proposals & suggestions; what ifs, why notsWali Memon 26 June 06,2010
  27. 27. Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 2 ∗ Blue hat ∗ Focus on the areas that need new ideas ∗ Green hat ∗ Generate new ideas & concepts ∗ Blue hat ∗ Organize ideas & process for evaluation ∗ White, yellow & green hats ∗ Constructive thinkingWali Memon 27 June 06,2010
  28. 28. Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 3 ∗ Yellow hat ∗ Positive assessment of viable alternatives ∗ Black hat ∗ Screening for impossible, unusable ∗ Challenge the alternatives ∗ Yellow & green hats ∗ Overcome objections, correct faults, remove weaknesses, solve problems ∗ Black hat ∗ Further scrutiny; point out risks, dangersWali Memon 28 June 06,2010
  29. 29. Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 4 ∗ Blue hat ∗ Overview of achievements so far ∗ Organize choice of route ∗ Red hat ∗ Express feelings about the choices ∗ Yellow & black hats ∗ Looking for the best alternative ∗ Blue hat ∗ Strategy for implementationWali Memon 29 June 06,2010
  30. 30. Questions? “The need to be right all the time is the biggest bar to new ideas.” ~Edward de BonoWali Memon 30 June 06,2010

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