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Eats,Shoots and Leaves
 

Eats,Shoots and Leaves

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    Eats,Shoots and Leaves Eats,Shoots and Leaves Presentation Transcript

    • Eats, Shoots and Leaves Wali Memon 20021 Wali Memon 2002
    • What’s wrong here?2 Wali Memon 2002
    • What’s wrong here?3 Wali Memon 2002
    • And Here?4 Wali Memon 2002
    • And Here?5 Wali Memon 2002
    • Can You Identify?6 Wali Memon 2002
    • Can You Identify?7 Wali Memon 2002
    • Feel the need to correct this?8 Wali Memon 2002
    • Feel the need to correct this?9 Wali Memon 2002
    • If the error in punctuation in this nextslide stirs any feelings of rage or ayearning to stand in front of a movietheater with an apostrophe sign…you are a “stickler” in the eyes of LynneTruss.10 Wali Memon 2002
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    • Dear Jack, I want a man who knows what love is all about. You are generous, kind, thoughtful. People who are not like you admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me for other men. I yearn for you. I have no feelings whatsoever when we’re apart. I can be forever happy— will you let me be yours? Jill (p.9)15 Wali Memon 2002
    • Dear Jack, I want a man who knows what love is. All about you are generous, kind, thoughtful people, who are not like you. Admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me. For other men I yearn! For you I have no feelings whatsoever. When we’re apart I can be forever happy. Will you let me be? Yours, Jill16 Wali Memon 2002
    • 17 Wali Memon 2002
    • The Tractable Apostrophe Rules: It indicates a possessive in a singular noun It indicates time or quantity It indicates the omission of figures in dates It indicates the omission of letters It indicates strange, non-standard English It features in Irish names such as O’Neill and O’Casey It indicates the plural of letters It also indicates plurals of words(p.40)18 Wali Memon 2002
    • Apostrophes and possessives: -Modern names ending in “s” require the “s” after the apostrophe -With names from the ancient world it is not (Archimedes’ screw; Achilles’ heel) -If the name ends in an “iz” sound, an exception is made (Bridges’ score) -An exception I always made for Jesus (Jesus’ disciples)(p.55)Points to remember/pet peeves: Its vs It’s There vs There’s There vs They’re Whose vs Who’s (p.61) Memon 19 Wali 2002
    • That’ll Do, Comma Rules: To illuminate the grammar of a sentence To point up—rather in the manner of musical notation—such literary qualities as rhythm, direction, pitch, tone and flow (p.70)20 Wali Memon 2002
    • Commas for listsCommas for joiningCommas filling gapsCommas before direct speechCommas setting off interjectionsCommas that come in pairsFinal rule: don’t use comma as a stupid person Two stupid, super common uses: “Yob’s” comma: no syntactical value, attempt at a fuddled breath Replacing the word “and” in news headlines (p.83)21 Wali Memon 2002
    • Correct my Commas: The society decided not to prosecute the owners of the Windsor Safari Park, where animals, have allegedly been fed live to snakes and lions, on legal advice.22 Wali Memon 2002
    • Correct my Commas: The society decided not to prosecute the owners of the Windsor Safari Park, where animals have allegedly been fed live to snakes and lions, on legal advice.23 Wali Memon 2002
    • Examples of how comma placement can change meaning: “Comfort ye my people” (please go out and comfort my people) “Comfort ye, my people” (just cheer up, you lot; it might never happen). (p.75)24 Wali Memon 2002
    • I, Graham Greene, grant permission to Norma Sherry, my authorized biographer, excluding any other to quote from my copyright material published or unpublished. -added a comma after “excluding any other” the day before he died, thus creating ambiguity. (p.101)25 Wali Memon 2002
    • Why people are wary of the colon and semicolon: They are old-fashioned They are middle-class They are optional They are mysteriously connected to pausing They are dangerously addictive (aka Virginia Wolfe) The difference between them is too negligible to be grasped by the brain of man (p.109) 26 Wali Memon 2002
    • One theory to the use of stops:The stops point out, with truth, the time of pauseA sentence doth require a evry clause.At evry comma, stop while one you count;At semicolon, two is the amount;A colon doth require the time of three;The period four, as learned men agree. (Truss thinks this is rubbish) (p.112) American essayist Lewis Thomas thinks the semicolon is to tell the reader there is still some question about the preceeding full sentence (p.114) 27 Wali Memon 2002
    • Colon uses and placement: Always preceded by a full sentence Enunciatory: theatrically announces what is to come. Imagine a satisfied "Yes!" instead of the colon "This much is clear, Watson: it was the baying of an enormous hound." imagine an "ah" "I loved Opal Fruits as a child: no one else did" A fulcrum between two antithetical or oppositional statements "Man proposes: God disposes" Pull the reader up for a nice surprise "I find fault with only three things in this story of yours, Jenkins: the beginning, the middle, the end. *In sum, colons introduce the part of the sentence that exemplifies, restates, elaborate, undermines, explains or balance the preceding part. They start lists Set off book and film subtitles Separate Memon 28 Wali dramatic characters from dialogue 2002 Set off long quotations
    • Semicolons uses and places: between two related sentences where there is no conjunction, and where a comma would be ungrammatical "I love Opal Fruits; they are now called Starburst, of course" Subtext of a semicolon is "now this is a hint. The elements of this sentences, although grammatically distinct, are actually elements of a single notion. I can make it plainer for you-but hey! Youre a reader! I dont need to draw you a map!" To break up comma fights "Fare were offered to Corfu, The greek island; Morocco; Elba, in the Mediterranean; and Paris. Margaret thought about it. She had been to Elba once and had found it dull; to Morocco, and found it too colorful.“ (p.121) 29 Wali Memon 2002
    • Cutting a Dash Chapter about "expressive, attention-seeking punctuation-punctuation that cuts a dash; punctuation that cant help saying it knobs on, such as the exclamation marks, the dash, the italic." (135)Exclamation mark rules: in involuntary ejaculations: "Phew! Lord love a duck!" to salute or invoke: "O mistress mine! Where are you roaming?" to exclaim (or admire): "How many goodly creatures are there here!" for drama: "Thats not the Northern Lights, thats Manderley!" to make a commonplace sentence more emphatic: " I could really do with some Opal Fruits!" to detect potential misunderstanding of irony: "I dont mean it!“ (p.138)Question mark: When a question is direct: "What is the capital of Belgium?" The question is inside the quotation marks " Did you try the moules and chips? he asked." 30 needed when the question is indirect Not Wali Memon 2002 (p.140)
    • Italics: titles of books, newspapers, albums, films such as (unfortunately) Who Framed Roger Rabbit emphasis of certain words foreign words and phrases examples when writing about language (p.146) 31 Wali Memon 2002
    • Dashes: -Single dashes: creates a dramatic disjunction which can be exploited for humour, for bathos, for shock -Double dashes: a bracketing device. Warmly welcomes in the side note "He Was--I still cant believe this!-- trying to climb in the window" Vs "He was (I still cant believe this!) trying to climb in the window“ (p.159)32 Wali Memon 2002
    • Brackets: Round brackets aka parentheses Square Brace (derive from math) Angle (used in palaeology, linguistics and other technical specialisms)Uses: Brackets lift up a section of a sentence, holding it a foot or two above the rest. Add information or clarify "Starburst (formerly known as Opal Fruits)…) authorial asides of various kinds "The exclamation mark is sometimes called (really!) a dogs cock." Square brackets are an editors way of clarifying the meaning of a direct quote without changing any words "She had used it [Tom Jones] for quite a number of examples now. Or in place of "it" in the previous example. Around the word sic 33 (p.161) Memon Wali 2002
    • Around the word sic Sic means the mistake was made by the writer/speaker and you are just quoting. “She asked for ‘a packet of Starbust [sic]’” This isn’t a mistake, actually; it just looks like one to the casual eye “I am grateful to Mrs Bollock [sic] for the following examples. Tee hee, what a dreadful error! But it would be dishonest of me to correct it. “Please send a copy of The Time’s [sic], he wrote.34 Wali Memon 2002
    • A little used punctuation markHyphens to prevent ambiguity in words reformed vs re-formed spelling out numbers linking nouns with nouns and adj with adj when a noun phrase is used to qualify another noun stainless steel stainless-steel kitchen certain prefixes (un, anti, pro, quasi) when certain words are spelled out prevent letter collision shelllike shell-like indicate a word is unfinished and continues on the next line hesitation or stammering w-w-w-w-watering can when a hyphenated phrase is coming up, and you are qualifying it before hand 35 was a two- or three-year-old He Wali Memon 2002 (p.171)
    • Hyphenate meHe made a crude remark.He was eighty-six.I need to de-ice the fridge.I love hickory-barbeque chicken. 36 Wali Memon 2002
    • 37 Wali Memon 2002