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Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
Complete Streets
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Complete Streets

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  • 1. Complete Streets Wali Memon
  • 2. Lessons for South CarolinaWhat I’ll cover today What are complete streets? Why do we need/want them? How are we promoting the concept?What I won’t cover today Design details Long list of benefits
  • 3. What is a Complete Street?A Complete Street is safe, comfortable and convenient for travel via automobile, foot, bicycle, and transit.
  • 4. The many types of Complete Streets
  • 5. The many types of Complete Streets
  • 6. The many types of Complete Streets
  • 7. The many types of Complete Streets
  • 8. The many types of Complete Streets
  • 9. The many types of Complete Streets
  • 10. Transferable MessagesNo design guide or manual for completestreets– every street is different– judgment needed in each case“street” must also include wider contextincluding adjacent buildings, land use“no cost” policy change
  • 11. Americans want to bike more 52% of Americans want to bike more than they do now. America Bikes Poll
  • 12. Americans want to walk more 55% of Americans would prefer to drive less and walk more STPP Poll
  • 13. About one-third of Americans do not drive:21% of Americansover 65.All children under 16.8 million householdswith no car.
  • 14. Streets are inadequate: No sidewalks
  • 15. Streets are inadequate:Too narrow to share with bikes
  • 16. Streets are inadequate:Too dangerous to cross on foot
  • 17. Streets are inadequateNo room for bikes or pedestrians
  • 18. Streets are inadequate No room for people
  • 19. Incomplete streets are unsafe. Pedestrians and bicyclists...14121086420 1% of federal 10% of trips 13% of funding fatalities FMIS, NHTS, FARS federal databases
  • 20. Benefits: for safetyDesigning intersections for pedestrian travel can reduce pedestrian risk by 28% [insert photo of median island] King/Ewing 2003
  • 21. Europe has more bike-ped travel Portion of all trips30%25%20%15% Walk Bike10%5%0% US Germany Netherlands Pucher, AJPH Sept 2003
  • 22. …And far fewer deaths Deaths per 100 million km travel1412108 Walk6 Bike420 US Germany Netherlands Pucher, AJPH Sept 2003
  • 23. Benefits: for older Americans50% of Americans willbe over 55 in 2030More than half ofolder Americans walkregularly.21% of Americansover 65 do not drive Photo: Michael Ronkin, ODOT
  • 24. Benefits: for encouraging healthy activityWalking and bicycling help prevent obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and colon cancer.Residents are 65% more likely to walk in a neighborhood with sidewalks.
  • 25. Benefits: for people with disabilities 20% of Americans have a disability that limits their daily activities. Complete Streets have curb cuts and other features for disabled travelers. Complete Streets reduce isolation and dependence.
  • 26. Benefits: for reducing trafficOf all trips taken in metro areas:50% are three miles or less28% are one mile or less65% of trips under one mile made by car 2001 NHTS
  • 27. Transferable MessagesComplete streets make streets work foreveryone – including motoristsInvolves range of [influential] new partners– Public health– Disability– Seniors– Professional groups
  • 28. Who is Doing Complete Streets?2000 FHWA Guidance: “Bicycling and walking facilities will be incorporated into all transportation projects unless exceptional circumstances exist.”Few states follow this guidance.
  • 29. States with/getting Complete Streets policiesOregon PennsylvaniaVirginia KentuckySouth Carolina FloridaCalifornia TennesseeNew Jersey Vermont
  • 30. Completing the Streets: State ActionOregon state law: “footpaths and bicycle trails… shall be provided wherever a highway, road or street is being constructed, reconstructed, or relocated.” minimum of 1% of state transportation funds go to bicycling and walking.
  • 31. What are We Doing About it?Documenting who has policy in placeDeveloping model language, campaignsHelping South Carolina implement itPushing stronger Federal policyBuilding professional awarenessWatching the word spread!
  • 32. For More InformationComplete the Streetswww.completethestreets.orgLeague of American Bicyclistswww.bikeleague.orgThunderhead Alliancewww.thunderheadalliance.org
  • 33. Questions

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