Transferable MessagesNo design guide or manual for completestreets– every street is different– judgment needed in each case“street” must also include wider contextincluding adjacent buildings, land use“no cost” policy change
Americans want to bike more 52% of Americans want to bike more than they do now. America Bikes Poll
Americans want to walk more 55% of Americans would prefer to drive less and walk more STPP Poll
About one-third of Americans do not drive:21% of Americansover 65.All children under 16.8 million householdswith no car.
Incomplete streets are unsafe. Pedestrians and bicyclists...14121086420 1% of federal 10% of trips 13% of funding fatalities FMIS, NHTS, FARS federal databases
Benefits: for safetyDesigning intersections for pedestrian travel can reduce pedestrian risk by 28% [insert photo of median island] King/Ewing 2003
Europe has more bike-ped travel Portion of all trips30%25%20%15% Walk Bike10%5%0% US Germany Netherlands Pucher, AJPH Sept 2003
…And far fewer deaths Deaths per 100 million km travel1412108 Walk6 Bike420 US Germany Netherlands Pucher, AJPH Sept 2003
Benefits: for older Americans50% of Americans willbe over 55 in 2030More than half ofolder Americans walkregularly.21% of Americansover 65 do not drive Photo: Michael Ronkin, ODOT
Benefits: for encouraging healthy activityWalking and bicycling help prevent obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and colon cancer.Residents are 65% more likely to walk in a neighborhood with sidewalks.
Benefits: for people with disabilities 20% of Americans have a disability that limits their daily activities. Complete Streets have curb cuts and other features for disabled travelers. Complete Streets reduce isolation and dependence.
Benefits: for reducing trafficOf all trips taken in metro areas:50% are three miles or less28% are one mile or less65% of trips under one mile made by car 2001 NHTS
Transferable MessagesComplete streets make streets work foreveryone – including motoristsInvolves range of [influential] new partners– Public health– Disability– Seniors– Professional groups
Who is Doing Complete Streets?2000 FHWA Guidance: “Bicycling and walking facilities will be incorporated into all transportation projects unless exceptional circumstances exist.”Few states follow this guidance.
States with/getting Complete Streets policiesOregon PennsylvaniaVirginia KentuckySouth Carolina FloridaCalifornia TennesseeNew Jersey Vermont
Completing the Streets: State ActionOregon state law: “footpaths and bicycle trails… shall be provided wherever a highway, road or street is being constructed, reconstructed, or relocated.” minimum of 1% of state transportation funds go to bicycling and walking.
What are We Doing About it?Documenting who has policy in placeDeveloping model language, campaignsHelping South Carolina implement itPushing stronger Federal policyBuilding professional awarenessWatching the word spread!
For More InformationComplete the Streetswww.completethestreets.orgLeague of American Bicyclistswww.bikeleague.orgThunderhead Alliancewww.thunderheadalliance.org