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  • Legislation – Promary and Secindatry and promary le
  • Huw edwards

    1. 1. © Influencing the Political Process in Wales Huw Edwards WCVA Volunteering Conference July 2014
    2. 2. © Huw Edwards • Independent Training Consultant Parliament Government Legislation • Member of Parliament Monmouth (Lab) 1991-92 1997-05
    3. 3. © Origins of Lobbying Washington or Westminster? Willard Hotel in the 1860s President Ulysses S Grant refers to those seeking to influence him as ‘lobbyists’ Central Lobby of the UK Parliament where constituents meet their MP
    4. 4. © Rationale for Lobbying ‘Lobbying industries exist where there are democratic governments which are open to external advice and influence’ Lionel Zetter
    5. 5. © Why is lobbing necessary? Why do companies, charities, trade associations, trade unions, pressure groups and professional groups lobby government? Because governments represent either threats or opportunities to those organisations
    6. 6. © Threats • Government could ban or restrict a company’s products of services. • Or give their competitors an advantage • What are the consequences?
    7. 7. © Opportunities • Government s can also boost your organisations’ principle activity. • Or that of your competitors • What are the consequences?
    8. 8. © Threats and Opportunities • In lobbying what is an opportunity for you may be a threat to another organisation and what is a threat to you may be an opportunity elsewhere. • Both protagonists and antagonists are therefore likely to deploy lobbying techniques.
    9. 9. © Protagonists Antagonists
    10. 10. © Why should the politician support you? • Constituency interests – Jobs – ‘good local MP/AM’ – votes • Support your strategies • Agree with your values – • Personal interest or expertise • Opportunity for campaign and publicity • They are decent, helpful people! • Remember the opposite of all this!
    11. 11. © Why are AMs important? • Hold Ministers to account – Questions - Scrutiny Committees - Short Debates • Put your issues on the record • Propose legislation • Amend Assembly Bills • Get access to Ministers
    12. 12. © Role in the Assembly • Represent constituency interests • Initiate and contribute to debates • Sit on Committees: Scrutiny, Legislation etc • Propose, oppose and amend legislation • Raise national/local causes • Support Cross Party Groups
    13. 13. © Politician’s Toolkit ‘I will make representation’ • Correspondence - Ministers / WG, Local Authorities, Health Boards etc • Speaking in Assembly Debates / Statements • Ask PQs / Assembly Questions – oral and written • Meetings - Ministers and others Formal/Informal • Seek Publicity
    14. 14. © Campaigning Role • Politicians are bombarded with lobbying material - briefings, press releases, annual reports, questionnaires etc • Most goes in the bin • 1001 Good Causes • How do you capture their interest and keep your material out of the bin?
    15. 15. © Campaigning Role - A Politician’s Focus How does this affect my constituency and constituents? Do I believe in this cause? Do I believe in it enough to be active in supporting it? How can I help this cause? Who will support me? Who will oppose me? Should I get publicity?
    16. 16. © Political Supporter • Agree with your cause • Meet with you • Attend reception • Ask a Assembly Questions • Support private members legn. Support amendments to Bill • Sign Statements of Opinion • Get publicity for you • Join All Party Group • Be known as a supporter • Low to Medium level of commitment • Who’s helping who?
    17. 17. © Political Champion • Show strong commitment to cause • Take you to meet Minister etc • Organise receptions • Regularly ask PQs/AQs • Introduce legislation • Table amendments • Table Statements of Opinion • Organise All Party Group • Get regular publicity • Want to be identified as a champion • Medium to high level of support • Are they helping you help the people you want to help?
    18. 18. © Lobbying Politicians – Some Do’s • Research their interests • Identify ‘champions’ • Have clear campaign objectives • Provide clear, readable, briefing material • Offer support in terms of expertise, research • Provide opportunities to have personal experience of the campaign - visits, meetings, • Remember they have staff who can assist • Use cross party coalitions
    19. 19. © Lobbying politicians- Some Don’ts • Don’t overwhelm them or be over persistent • Don’t believe your cause is their main priority • Don’t disregard their conflicting loyalties • Don’t expect them to have your expertise • Don’t expect to win all aspects of your campaign at once
    20. 20. © The Minister’s Role  Take executive decisions under powers given to them in law  Propose Legislation through – Assembly Bills  Develop policy and strategies  Make Subordinate Legislation – rules, regulations, orders etc  Answer to the National Assembly through Statements, Questions and Scrutiny Committees
    21. 21. © The Civil Servants Role • ‘Civil servants advise Ministers decide’ • Advice is rational and based on the facts but in accordance with Govt’s commitments. • 3-4 options are put to the Minister with ONE recommendation • In Welsh Govt civil servants prepare 3 types of folder (2-4 pages) for Ministers – Submission Folder – Legislation Folders – Information folders
    22. 22. © ‘The Box’ • Private office will place official papers for Ministers in ‘the Box’ • Usually done by Ministers at the end of the evening and at weekends
    23. 23. © Into the box not the bin!
    24. 24. © Example: Organ Donation Campaign
    25. 25. © Manifesto Commitments 2011 • Labour We will introduce an Assembly Bill in order to move to an ‘opt out’ system of donation, backed up by a comprehensive communication programme. • Conservative No ref • Lib Dems ..focusing the attention of healthy people on the importance of organ donation and improving the rates of donation by establishing an opt-out programme for organ donation. • Plaid Cymru We will complete the process of legislating to introduce a system of soft presumed consent for organ donation.
    26. 26. © From Manifesto to Statute Book The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act provides for an opt- out system of organ donation that would improve the rates of donation in Wales.
    27. 27. © And Finally... • Essential to lobby on issues important to you • Good campaigning can be successful • Have confidence and belief!