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Machine arabic

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Machine arabic

Machine arabic

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  • 1. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬JJ  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٥٣١٥٣
  • 2. ‫א‬ ١٥٣   ‫א‬‫א‬ J  ‫א‬       ،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬W     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K     ‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬??‫א‬? ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬K           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  • 3. ‫א‬ ١٥٣   ‫א‬‫א‬ J  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬،W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K? ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬? ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬W   J‫א‬‫א‬K   J‫א‬‫א‬K  J‫א‬‫א‬K  J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 4. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬JJ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ١
  • 5. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١- ١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١ J‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫אא‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢ JW  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬K  ١٠٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Ea)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬WφEa = k n  ،φW‫א‬‫א‬nW‫א‬‫א‬KW‫א‬K  ٢{٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(VL)‫א‬(IL)‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،W  VL = Ea – R aIL)‫א‬E ،:Ea‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  :Ra‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FK،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬(K  ٣ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W •K  •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •K •K •‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •K •K
  • 6. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢- ٤K‫א‬‫א‬W  ١{٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬F١{١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  V'dc E2E1 ‫اﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ A I f + - A VG ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ A2 B2 B1 A1 K1 V K Vdc + - ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ M ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ E1E2 A1 A2 B1 B2 R RDU U E A L Rfc I L R L Ea     ‫א‬١{١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٢{٤K‫א‬‫א‬W)‫א‬K1(K  ١{٢{٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬φ‫א‬If‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 7. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣- •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FKKE‫א‬ ‫א‬‫؟‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬K1،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬DR ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬RK‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬٪120‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬RfcK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬Wn = …….. r.p.m،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬If [A] 0 1,2Ifn WEa[v]    KKK‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Ea)‫א‬If،‫א‬‫א‬K  0 [v] [A] n= rpmEa If  ‫א‬٢{١KK‫א‬K 
  • 8. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤- K‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ear = …….VK •‫א‬Ear.‫؟‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬N1φ. Ea1=Kn1 ‫א‬)‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬n2K  ‫א‬φ. Ea2 = Kn2  ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬F١٢E  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ea‫א‬IfKn2 = …… r.p.mK  ٢{٢{٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(n)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FKKE ‫א‬K‫א‬F١٠١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬K1‫א‬If‫א‬If = o,5 Ifn )( •‫א‬k‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ DR •‫א‬WIf = ….. A،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K        KKWEa[v]     ‫א‬‫א‬n[r.p.m]:0 nn
  • 9. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥- K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ea‫א‬‫א‬n،‫א‬K  0 [v]Ea Ifn= A n [rpm]   ‫א‬٣٠١WKK‫א‬K    K‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬If1KK‫א‬: n  nφEa1 = K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  Ea1= k' If1 n  ‫א‬n‫א‬If2KKEa2 = K'If2n  nEa2‫א‬If2W1 1 2 2 E I I E f f = •‫א‬‫א‬٣{١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬If2K •‫؟‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 10. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦- ٢٠٤‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬K1KE  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ If‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬F١١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬K1‫א‬‫א‬K.Ifn  •‫א‬K‫א‬،‫א‬DR‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬R  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬K1،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬Wn = …… r.p.m‫א‬WIfn = ….. A  ‫א‬I [A]0 Ifn ‫א‬U[v]U0 =…v   K‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬U‫א‬I(A)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K     
  • 11. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧- 0 Ifn= A n= rpm[v]VL [A]IL  ‫א‬٤{١W‫א‬‫א‬K  KW •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬100[%] 0 0 × − =∆ L LL L V VV V‫א‬K VL0 = Ea0‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  0 [A] [%]DVL IL 
  • 12. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨- ‫א‬٥{١W‫א‬    •‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ‫א‬‫א‬W  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
  • 13. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨- ٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ١‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  •K  •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •K    
  • 14. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٩- ٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٣١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٢١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٣١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣KE  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K  - K Vdc+ V K1 V A‫اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬IL E2 E1 ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ U q t s G ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ A2 B2 B1 A1 ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬E1E2 M ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ A2 B1 B2 R RDU U E A L A1 f     ٢١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   
  • 15. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٠- •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢١KE •‫א‬‫א‬K1K •‫א‬KK •‫א‬،‫א‬RD‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬RfK ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬WE  o‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬[E1-E2]K o‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬[B2-A1]K  ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬   ،‫א‬FKE  ٣١٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢١E‫א‬K1K  ٣١٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬K1K •‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬K •‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٣١٢E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬F‫א‬WE ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬FE،‫؟‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 16. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١١- •‫א‬FE،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬E‫؟‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬W  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٣١٣٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K1K •‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٣١٢E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •‫א‬V = …vK •‫א‬IfF‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬Rf‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬RfK •‫א‬V = …vK •‫؟‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 17. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٢- •?‫א‬‫א‬?‫؟‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ٣١٣٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K1K •‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬K •‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٣١٢E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •‫א‬V = …vK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ?‫א‬‫א‬?‫؟‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٣١٤‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢١KE  ‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K1،‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬K •‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٣١٢E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬(A)‫א‬(V)‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 18. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٣- •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W   ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٢٢E‫א‬∆VL)(‫א‬(IL)K  0 [%] [ A ]IL L∆V   ٢٢W‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬100[%] 0 0 × − = V VV n εK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٢٣E‫א‬(V)‫א‬(IL)‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬IL [A] :       In=… ‫א‬WV [v]V0=...       ‫א‬W 100[%] 0 0 × − =∆ V VV VL        
  • 19. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٤- 0 V[ V ] [ A ]IL   ٢٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K   ١‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   ٢‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ٣٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٣٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٢٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢١E‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢١KE   
  • 20. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٥- M V K1 G ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ A2 B2 B1 A1 V E2 E1 ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ U q t s A ‫اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮاﻟﻲ‬ D1D2 IL     ٢٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٣٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬K1K •‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٣١٢E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬K •‫א‬V0 = …vK •‫א‬K1‫א‬ 2 nI K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K o‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K o‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 21. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٦- ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬، ‫א‬(A)‫א‬(V)‫א‬‫א‬W    ٣٢٣‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬F٢٥E‫א‬(V)‫א‬(IL)‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K  0 V[ V ] [ A ]IL   ٢٥W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬IL [A] : 0     In=… ‫א‬WV [v]V0=...      
  • 22. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٧- ٣٢٤‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢٣E‫א‬F٢٥E KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
  • 23. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٨-   ٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬n [rpm]‫א‬WφK IRV n aa− =W  •VW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •RaW‫א‬‫א‬K •IaW‫א‬‫א‬K •φW‫א‬‫א‬K •: KK ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬RaIa‫א‬V‫א‬WφK V n ≅  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬E‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K    ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  •٢K  •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬ • •K • ‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •
  • 24. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -١٩- ٤‫א‬‫א‬  ٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٣١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬FKE  ‫א‬(Magnetic-powder Brake)K  A1 E1E2 cw B1 B2 A A1 M A2 ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮاﻟﻲ‬ D1D2 If Ia - K Udc + RDU U E A L R f   ٣١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FKE 
  • 25. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٠- ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٣١E،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬B2‫א‬D2‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EK •‫א‬K،‫א‬،‫א‬RD ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬]n0 = ……….[rpm‫א‬RfK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬Ia [A]         ‫א‬T [Nm]         ‫א‬n [rpm]n0=...        ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٣١E،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬B2 ‫א‬D1‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EK •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬،‫א‬RD ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬]n0 = ……….[rpm‫א‬RfK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W 3 n a I I ≅K •‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K  J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
  • 26. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢١- ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬Ia [A]         ‫א‬T [Nm]         ‫א‬n [rpm]n0=...          ‫א‬K   ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٣٢E‫א‬‫א‬Ia‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  0 ‫اﻟﺘﻮازي‬‫ﻣﺤﺮك‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺐ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮك‬ [ A ]I a Nm T T Nm   ٣٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٣٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 27. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٢- 0 ‫اﻟﺘﻮازي‬‫ﻣﺤﺮك‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺐ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮك‬ [ A ]I a n rpmrpm n ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬٣‫ـ‬:٣‫اﻟﺪوران‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺎر‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬   ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٣٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    0 ‫اﻟﺘﻮازي‬‫ﻣﺤﺮك‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺐ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮك‬ n rpmrpm n [ Nm ]T ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬٣‫ـ‬:٤‫اﻟﺪوران‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰم‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬  
  • 28. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٣- ‫א‬K     ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ٤٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٢١‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٣١E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬KE‫א‬F‫א‬KE  ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٣١E،F‫א‬‫א‬KE •‫א‬KK •‫א‬،‫א‬RD‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •‫א‬Rf‫א‬،‫א‬A1 ‫א‬ n0 = ………rpmIf0 =…..A •‫א‬If‫א‬‫א‬Rf،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K W‫א‬‫א‬120%‫א‬nnK    ‫א‬If [A]        
  • 29. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٤- ‫א‬n [rpm]          J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٣٥E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  0 n rpm [ A ]I f  ٣٥W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 30. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٥- ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٣٦EK‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K  Vdc A1 E1E2 ‫اﻟﺘﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ If + K1 R f B2 K A1 M A2 ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ B1 V ‫ﺗﻐﺬﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ‬+ V     ٣٦W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٣٦KE •‫א‬K1‫א‬‫א‬Ifn‫א‬RfK ‫א‬‫אא‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬V [v]         ‫א‬n [rpm]          
  • 31. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٦- ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٣٧E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  0 n rpm [ v ]V       ٣٧W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   
  • 32. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٧- ٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬n [rpm]‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WφK IRV n aa− =W •VW‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •RaW‫א‬‫א‬K •IaW‫א‬‫א‬K •φW‫א‬‫א‬K •: KK ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬RaIa‫א‬V‫א‬WφK V n L ≅  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Ian)K‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Ia)K  ‫א‬W aI V Kn '≅KK‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬KE  ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  •٢KK  •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬ •K • ‫א‬‫א‬K • ‫א‬‫א‬K •K•‫א‬K
  • 33. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٨- ٤‫א‬‫א‬  ٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٤١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬(Magnetic-powder Brake)K  K A Vdc+ U RD A L V V Ia ‫اﻟﺘﻮاﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ D1D2 M A2 A1 ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬B1 B2     ٤١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٤١KE •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬‫א‬RD‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 34. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٢٩-   W‫א‬‫א‬120%‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬Ia [A]         ‫א‬‫א‬n [rpm]        ‫א‬T [Nm]          ٤١٣‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬F٤٢E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Ia)K    [ A ]I a 0 U = vT Nm n rpm     ٤٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K       
  • 35. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٠- ‫א‬‫א‬F٤٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    0 U = vn rpm [ Nm]T    ٤٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤١٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 36. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣١- ٤٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٤١ERf ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬٤٥KE‫א‬Rf ‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫اﻟﺘﻮاﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ D1D2 Rf     ٤٥W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٤١E‫א‬‫א‬RfK •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬RfK •‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬K •‫א‬Rf‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬)(120% nnK ٤٢٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 37. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٢- ٤٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٤١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٣٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٤١٢KE •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(A1-A2)K •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٤١٢KE •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(D1-D2)K •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٤١٢KE •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬KK ٤٣٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    
  • 38. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬JJ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ٢
  • 39. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٣- ٥W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ١‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •K  •٢K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •K •‫א‬OscilloscopeK •‫א‬K •K
  • 40. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٤- ٣‫א‬‫א‬  ٣١‫א‬‫א‬  ٣١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬F٥١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    V V AW Pi I10 V1 V2     ٥١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٣١٢‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٥١KE •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬I10 [A]         ‫א‬Pi [w]        ‫א‬‫א‬V1 [v]        ‫א‬‫א‬V2 [v]        ‫א‬ 2 1 V V             ٣١٣‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F٥٢E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(I10)K   
  • 41. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٥- 0 V V1 [ A ]I10   ٥٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬F٥٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  0 [ W ] Pi [ V ]V 1  ٥٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
  • 42. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٦- ٣١٤‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬ 2 1 V V ‫؟‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK K •‫א‬‫א‬V1 = f(I10)‫א‬B = f(H)‫؟‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬V1=V1nF ‫א‬‫א‬EKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 43. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٧- ٣٢‫א‬K  ٣٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬F٥٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Oscilloscope) V V1 1 Ω ‫إﻟﺘﻘﺎط‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز‬ ‫ﻋﺎزل‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎرق‬ ‫ذﺑﺬﺑﺎت‬ ‫راﺳﻢ‬   ٥٤W‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    W‫א‬‫א‬K    ٣٢٢‫א‬‫א‬    •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٥٤KE •‫א‬‫א‬ 4 1 1 nV V ≅‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٥٥E‫א‬K
  • 44. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٨- ........ / div : ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺢ‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ : ‫ّﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫اﻟﺮأﺳ‬ ‫ّﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫اﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳ‬ ........ / div     ٥٥W‫א‬) 4 1 1 nV V ≅(    •‫א‬‫א‬V1=110%V1n‫א‬‫א‬FK‫א‬‫א‬ V1nE،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٥٦E‫א‬K ........ / div : ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺢ‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ : ‫ّﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫اﻟﺮأﺳ‬ ‫ّﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫اﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳ‬ ........ / div    
  • 45. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٣٩- ٥٦W‫א‬FV1=110%V1nE    ٣٢٤‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬ 4 1 1 nV V ≅K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬FV1=110%V1nEK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ٣٢٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬(B)‫א‬  •‫א‬K‫א‬(I10)‫א‬‫א‬(H) ‫א‬‫א‬B = f(H)‫א‬‫א‬(I10)B = f  ‫א‬F٥٧E‫א‬١٣،‫א‬،‫א‬K 
  • 46. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٠- 3 1 2 ωt π2π 0 I10 9 2 4 7 8 10 11 0 1 3 5 6 9 ωtπ π2 B 0 1 3 5 6 2 4 7 8 10 11 I10 B       ٥٧W‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬K    KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
  • 47. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤١- ٦W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢  ٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٦١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K  V'2 X pRp I0 I'1I1 V1 Z'L mI XmcR Ic     ٦١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    W  •r1،X1W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •r2،X2W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K •RcW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •XmW‫א‬K •IcW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •ImW‫א‬K •N1W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •N2W‫א‬‫א‬K • 2 1 N N a =W‫א‬K •ZLW‫א‬K •Rp = r1 + a2 r2W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K •Xp = X1 + a2 X2W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K •Z'L = a2 ZLW‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 48. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٢- • a I I 2 1' =22' aVV =     ٢٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٦٢E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬KW  •22 1 2 a R a r rR p s =+=W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K •22 1 2 a X a X XX p s =+=W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •2 ' a R R c c =W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K •2 ' a X X m m =W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ZL X'mcR' Rs Xs V2 aI0 maIaIc aI'1 I2=aI1 V1 a    ٦٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •K  •٢K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •   ٤‫א‬‫א‬  ٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 49. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٣- K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(I2 = 0)،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٦١KE      ٦٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FI2 = 0E    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٦٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    V V AW Pi I10 V1n V20     ٦٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 50. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٤- ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   Pi[w]I10[A]V20[v]V1n[v]        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١‫א‬W  •‫א‬ZmWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 10 1 I V Z n m = •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬I10‫א‬U1nW0 KKKKKKKKK=0ϕKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 101 0cos IV P n i =ϕ •‫א‬RcWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKi n P V cR 2 1 = •‫א‬XmWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 22 cmm RZX −= •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬IcWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK010 cosϕIIc = •‫א‬ImWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 22 10 cm III −=   ٢‫א‬‫א‬( U1n , I10 , Ic , Im )‫א‬K    ٦٥W‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 51. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٥- ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  K  ‫א‬‫א‬I10‫א‬I1n)010 ≅I(،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٦١E،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K        ٦٦W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F٦٧E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    I1sc I 2n Psc V1sc V A AW     ٦٧W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
  • 52. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٦- ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،5%‫א‬‫א‬V1nK ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬I2nK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    P1sc[w]I1sc[A]I2n[A]V1sc[v]        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬RpWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK2 1 1 n sc p I P R = •‫א‬Z1scKWKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK sc sc sc I V Z 1 1 1 = •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬XpW KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 22 1 pscp RzX −=  ٤٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬F٤١KE  •KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKRs = •KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKXs = •KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKZs = •KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK=R'c •KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKX'm =
  • 53. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٤٧-   ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 54. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٣- ٧W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •٢K •٢K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬   ٣‫א‬‫א‬W ٣١‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F٧١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬KVA :KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKS =‫א‬WvKKKKKKKKKKV2n =  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬[I 2n]KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  V V A V2 I2 V1n ‫اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ K      ٧١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 55. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٤- ٣١١‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٧١KE •‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬V1n‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬vKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK=V20  •‫א‬‫א‬K،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬W∆VR = V20 – V2    I2 [A]      I2n=… V2 [v]          ∆VR [v]            ٣١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٧١E‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٧١KE •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬V1n‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬vKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK=V20  •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬E، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬W∆VL = V20 – V2   I2 [A]      I2n=… V2 [v]          ∆VL [v]         
  • 56. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٥- ٣١٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٧١E‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٧١KE  •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬V1n‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬vKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK=V20  •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬W∆VC = V20 – V2  I2 [A]      I2n=… V2 [v]          ∆VC [v]          ٣١٤‫א‬K  ‫א‬٧٢،‫א‬V2‫א‬I2‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬K•‫א‬‫א‬K•‫א‬‫א‬K 0 (A)I2 ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﹼﻲ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ V2 V V2 V V2 V   ٧٢‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 57. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٦- ‫؟‬‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤١٥‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬٧٢،‫א‬∆V‫א‬I2‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬
  • 58. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٧- 0 ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﹼﻲ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ 00 ∆VL V ∆VL V ∆VL V (A)I2     ٧٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫؟‬‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK................................................KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.......................................................KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤٢‫א‬K  ٤٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٧٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    V V AW V1n I1 P1 A V2 I2 R   ‫א‬٧٤W‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬[P2]K •‫א‬‫א‬[P1]K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 59. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٨- •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٧٤KE •‫א‬R‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W    I2 [A]0I2n= V2 [v]  P2 = V2 I2 [w] P1 [w]  ‫א‬W100[%] 1 2 ×= P P η    ٤٢٣‫א‬K K‫א‬F٧٥E‫א‬η‫א‬I2K  0 η[%] [ A ]I 2  ٧٥W‫א‬K  ‫؟‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.....................................................................................KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ......................................................................................................................................................................KKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬W  .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... ..........................................................................................................................................................................
  • 60. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٥٩- .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... ..........................................................................................................................................................................   
  • 61. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬JJ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ٣
  • 62. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٠- ٨W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ١‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢K  ‫א‬F١{٨E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  Im I1 I0 V1 1R 1X mXR 2'XI ' 2 s R 2' µ Iµ     ‫א‬١{٨W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  W  •V1W‫א‬K •RµW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •X mW‫א‬K •X1, R1W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •X2 , R2W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •X'2 , R'2W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K  2 2 1 22' ⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜⎜ ⎝ ⎛ = N N RR 2 2 1 22' ⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜⎜ ⎝ ⎛ = N N XX  N1W‫א‬‫א‬  : N2‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •sW‫א‬K
  • 63. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦١- •Xp , RpW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KE • 2 2 1 21 ⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜⎜ ⎝ ⎛ += N N RRRp 2 2 1 21 ⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜⎜ ⎝ ⎛ += N N XXX p    ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •K  •K •٢‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •K
  • 64. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٢- ٤‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،K  ٤١‫א‬K  ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٢{٨E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    M 3N ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫اﻷوﺟﻪ‬‫ﺛﻼﺛﻲ‬‫ﻗﺪرة‬ K A W1 W2 V P1 P2 U10 I 0     ‫א‬F٢{٨WE‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬WKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٢{٨EK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬.k  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬W  I 0 = …..…AU10 =………VP1=……..WP2 =……..W 
  • 65. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٣- K‫א‬‫א‬KK    ٣{١{٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬(s)‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Fs = 0E،‫א‬F١{٨KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K        ‫א‬٣{٨W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬I0 , Ia , Im‫א‬‫א‬0ϕK        ‫א‬٤{٨W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 66. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٤-   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FV1E  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Pi‫א‬‫א‬P1P2‫א‬‫א‬WW1W2‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( Pi )K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬F0ϕcosWE 010 0 3 cos IU Pi =ϕ  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬0ϕ‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬(R0)‫א‬‫א‬W)0R(W  • iP U R 2 10 =µ‫א‬?F?‫א‬KE  • iP U R 2 103 =µ‫א‬?F?KE  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( Qi )0 ϕQi = Pi tg  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK K‫א‬‫א‬Xm)E،W  • i m Q U X 2 10 =‫א‬??F??‫א‬KE   • i m Q U X 2 103 =‫א‬??F??KE  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ٢{٤‫א‬K  ٤٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 67. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٥- ‫א‬F٥{٨E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    M 3N K A W1 W2 V P1 P2 U 1sc ‫ﻗﺪرة‬‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ّﺮ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻣﺘﻐ‬‫اﻷوﺟﻪ‬‫ﺛﻼﺛﻲ‬ I1sc     ‫א‬٥{٨W‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٥{٨KE  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE  K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WI1sc = I1n  ‫א‬W  U1sc = …...V P1 = …….W P2 = ..….W I1sc = …….A ‫א‬‫א‬KK    ٤٢٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬V1‫א‬‫א‬mφFmφ. (V1=K ‫א‬V1scV1n،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬KE   
  • 68. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٦-     ‫א‬٦{٨W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    K‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Pisc‫א‬‫א‬P1,P2‫א‬‫א‬WW2 ,W1‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Pisc)W  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬FZ1scWE sc sc sc I V Z 1 1 1 = KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬: ( Rp )2 13 sc isc p I P R = KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( Xp )W 22 1 pscp RZX −= KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 69. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٧-   ‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK           
  • 70. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٨- ٩W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FE    ١‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •K •٢‫א‬K  •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •(Magnetic Powder Brake)K •K ٢‫א‬‫א‬    ١{٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F١{٩E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K  ‫א‬(Magnetic Powder Brake)K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   
  • 71. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٦٩- W1 ϕcos W2 A M 3N K L1 L2 L3 Pi2i1P I1     ١٩W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٣٢‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F٩١KE  •‫א‬kK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Tn‫א‬I1n،K‫א‬ ‫א‬K 
  • 72. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٠-   ٣٣‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬F٩٢E‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬I1‫א‬ •‫א‬‫א‬ϕcos‫א‬K •‫א‬s‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬F٩٢E‫א‬W  ‫א‬WT [Nm]        ‫א‬‫א‬WI1 [A]         ‫א‬‫א‬W ϕcos          ‫א‬‫א‬W1WPi1[w]        ‫א‬‫א‬W2WPi2[w]        ‫א‬WPi1+Pi2Z[w]P1        ‫א‬Wn [r.p.m]        ‫א‬‫א‬W [ ] 100% 0 0 × − = n nn s         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W9,55LP2[w] =n.T         ‫א‬‫א‬W [ ] 100% 1 2 ×= P P η         
  • 73. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧١- •‫א‬n‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬P2‫א‬K •‫א‬η‫א‬K  
  • 74. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٢-   ٩٢W‫א‬‫א‬K    ٣٤‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W= f(T)I1K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W= f(T)ϕcosK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬Wf(T)s = KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬Wn = f(T)
  • 75. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٣- KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WP2 = f(T) KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK •‫א‬‫א‬W= f(T)η KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   ‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 76. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٤-   ١٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  ١‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K   ٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬L(∆/Y)K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •‫א‬‫א‬K •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬ K •LK •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ K
  • 77. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٣- ٤‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F∆E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬L(∆/Y)K  ٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F3,7KwE‫א‬  ‫א‬K  ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١٠١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K      ١٠١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 78. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٤- ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A……=I  ٢{٤‫א‬‫א‬LFYK  ١{٢{٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F١٠٢E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬،LK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  FYE‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬F∆KE 
  • 79. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٥-   ١٠٢W‫א‬‫א‬LF∆/Y)K  ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬Q‫א‬FYKE •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬QF∆KE
  • 80. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٦- •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬ (Y)K∆)KE ‫א‬ I [A]   ‫א‬ U[v]   ‫א‬‫א‬ n[r.p.m]     ٤٢٣‫א‬K  •‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬،‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬L(∆/Y)‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬L(∆/Y)‫؟‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK     
  • 81. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٧- ٤٣‫א‬‫א‬  ٤٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬U2 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١٠٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    M 3N A K1 K2 V L1 L2 L3     ١٠٣W‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٣٢‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬K1K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K2K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  
  • 82. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٨- ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K1K2 ‫א‬‫א‬  K1K2 ‫א‬ I [A]   ‫א‬ U[v]   ‫א‬‫א‬n[r.p.m]     ٤٣٣‫א‬  •‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK           
  • 83. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٧٩- ٤٤‫א‬‫א‬  ٤٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F١٠٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  M 3N A V K L1 L2 L3     ١٠٤W‫א‬‫א‬K  ٢{٤{٤‫א‬‫א‬  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬KK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    
  • 84. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٠- ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬FE ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬FE ‫א‬ I [A]   ‫א‬ U[v]   ‫א‬‫א‬ n[r.p.m]   ٤٤٣‫א‬  •‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   
  • 85. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨١-   ١١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ١‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢K    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬‫א‬١٠E،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٣K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬ K •‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K •K Magnetic Powder Brake  •‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •K •‫א‬K
  • 86. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٢- ٤K‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١١١E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    K 3 M L L1 2 L 3   ١١١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١١١KE •‫א‬KK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬‫א‬W[1,2 ][1,3 ][3,2 ]K •‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 87. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٣- ٤١٣‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٢١‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١١٢E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١١٢E‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،W    Rd4W‫א‬‫א‬[4, 0]،  ‫א‬‫א‬   Rd3W‫א‬‫א‬[3, 0]K  Rd2W‫א‬‫א‬[2, 0]K Rd1W‫א‬‫א‬[1, 0]K    K L M 123 4 0 4 0 3 2 1 1 0 2 3 4     FE K 3 M 1 2 L 3 K L M   FE  ١١٢W‫א‬‫א‬K   
  • 88. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٤- ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬Rd1 , Rd2, Rd3, Rd4‫א‬K  Rd1=….Ω= ….ΩRd2Rd3=….ΩRd4=….Ω  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬4K F‫א‬Rd = Rd4KE  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١١٢KE •‫א‬‫א‬?K? •‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬(n)‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬3Rd = Rd3)(K ‫א‬(n)‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬)( Rd = Rd2)( Rd = Rd1 )( Rd = 0‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F١١٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   Rd = Rd4Rd = Rd3Rd = Rd2Rd = Rd1Rd = 0 ‫א‬ Rd[Ω]       ‫א‬‫א‬Wn [rpm]     
  • 89. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٥- 0 [rpm] n [ Ω ]dR    ١١٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١١٢E  ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ns = …………. [rpm]K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬4K F‫א‬Rd = Rd4KE  •‫א‬‫א‬KK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬2K F‫א‬Rd = Rd2KE  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(n)‫א‬(T)،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬0F‫א‬Rd = 0KE   
  • 90. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٦- ‫א‬‫א‬Wn [rpm]         ‫א‬[ ] 100% × − = s s n nn s         Rd = Rd2 = ….. Ω ‫א‬WT[Nm]         Rd = 0 Ω  ‫א‬WT[Nm]            ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F١١٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  •Rd = Rd2 = ….. Ω •Rd = 0 Ω    0 Ω=dR0 Ω=dR Nm T Nm T Ω=d2RdR= dR=0Ω [ % ]s  ١١٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬Rd‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 91. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٧- •‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬F١١٥E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K        K 3 M ‫ﺟﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﺑﻂ‬ ‫اﻻوﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﻲ‬   ١١٥W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٣٢‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١١٥KE •‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬WV1 = V1nK •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(n)‫א‬(T)،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬V1 = 85%V1n‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬V1 = 70%V1n‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬Wn [rpm]        ‫א‬[ ] 100% × − = s s n nn s         ‫א‬WT[Nm]V1 = V1n       ‫א‬WT[Nm]V1 = 85%V1n       ‫א‬WT[Nm]V1 = 70%V1n      
  • 92. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٨- ٤٣٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F١١٦E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  •V1 = V1n •85%V1nV1 = •V1= 70%V1n
  • 93. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬  -٨٩- 0 [ % ]s V1=V1n V1=70%V1n V1=85%V1nNm T Nm T Nm T   ١١٦W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٤٣٤‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬K KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 
  • 94. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬JJ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤
  • 95. ‫א‬ ١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -٩٠- ١٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ١‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢ ‫א‬F١{١٢E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K  W  •RW‫א‬‫א‬K  •XSW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •EW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •VW‫א‬‫א‬(I)K   E XsR V I     ١{١٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •٢K  •K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •
  • 96. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩١- ٤‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ١{٤W‫א‬K  ٤١١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F٢{١٢E‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (Y)K‫א‬KRfK  If Udc + - K1 ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ M E1E2 A1 A2 B1 B2 R RDU U E A L GS A Rf + - Vdc K2 V ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬   ١٢٢W‫א‬K  ٤١٢‫א‬‫א‬W  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١٢٢KE 
  • 97. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٢- K‫א‬K1  K‫א‬‫א‬RD‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(R)K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬K2K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(If)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬.(Ifn) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬If [A]0       Ifn=… ‫א‬V(v)         ‫א‬ 3 V E =             ٣{١{٤‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E = f(If)‫א‬‫א‬n = …… r.p.m  0 E V ISC A n= r.p.m I [ A ]f   ١٢٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 98. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٣- ‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤٢W‫א‬K  ٤٢١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١٢٤E‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    Udc + - K1 M ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ E1E2 A1 A2 B1 B2 R RDU U E A L GS A Rf + - Vdc K2 A If ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬     ١٢٤W‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 99. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٤- ٤٢٢‫א‬‫א‬W  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١٢٤KE  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FE  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Rf‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬FK‫א‬‫א‬( In‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬If [A]        ‫א‬‫א‬Isc[A]      In….  ٤٢٣‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬F١٢٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Isc=f(If)‫א‬n =….r.p.m  ‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ٤٣‫א‬‫א‬K  ٤٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١٢٥KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  A V GS K I v + -Vdc=10V   ١٢٥W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 100. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٥- ٤٣٢‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 2 nI ، 4 3 nI nIK‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K      ‫א‬ I [A]   ‫א‬  V[v]   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 3 321 ' RRR R ++ =  2 'R R = A In ... 2 =   Ω= .....1R  A In ... 4 3 =   Ω= .....2R  AIn ...=Ω= .....3R    R'= …..Ω     R =…. Ω ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٤٤ ٤٤١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Zs)‫א‬‫א‬K    E B C A fIIfn0 Isc A V [ A ]     ١٢٦W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   
  • 101. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٦- (Zs)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬F١٢٦KE  ‫א‬‫א‬IfnWAC AB I E XRZ sc ss ==+= 22   •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Zs)W KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Xs)W KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   
  • 102. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٨- ١٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬    ١K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٢K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •٢K  •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •K •‫א‬ ‫א‬K •‫א‬ ‫א‬K •‫א‬ ‫א‬K • ٣K‫א‬‫א‬  ١{٣‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F١{١٣E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Y)K  K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K 
  • 103. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٩٩- Udc + - K1 M ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ E1E2 A1 A2 B1 B2 R RDU U E A L + - GS A K 3 ‫اﻟـــــــــــﺤﻤـﻞ‬ A I K 2 If R f Vdc V V N ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎدل‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬     ‫א‬١٣١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬‫א‬  K١‫א‬K1K  K٢‫א‬‫א‬RD‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K  K٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬.R ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K٤‫א‬K2K‫א‬If‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬.Rf  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 104. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٠- K٥‫א‬V0 =…….. v‫א‬F‫א‬K3.(  K٦‫א‬K3،،‫א‬‫א‬(I)‫א‬(V)‫א‬ ‫א‬W  ‫א‬Wr.p.mKKKK.....KKKn =‫א‬WIf =…… A    ‫א‬[A]I0In=.. ‫א‬V [ v]  ‫א‬ ‫א‬VVVR −=∆ 0   K‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١{١٣E‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K  WK١K٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FK١K٥KE  K٦‫א‬, K3‫א‬‫א‬(I)‫א‬(V)‫א‬‫א‬ W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫א‬Wr.p.mKKKK...KKKn =‫א‬WIf =…… A    ‫א‬[A]I0In=.. ‫א‬V[ v]  ‫א‬ ‫א‬VVVL −=∆ 0   K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F١{١٣E‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 105. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠١- ‫א‬‫א‬  WK١K٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FK١K٥EK  K٦‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬(I)‫א‬(V)‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬Wr.p.mKKKK...KKKn =‫א‬Wjf =…… A    ‫א‬[A]I0In=.. ‫א‬V[ v]  ‫א‬ ‫א‬VVVC −=∆ 0   K‫א‬  ‫א‬F١٣٢E‫א‬V = f(I)‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K•‫א‬‫א‬K   0 ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﹼﻲ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ V V V V V V [ A ]I     ‫א‬٢{١٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 106. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٢- ‫؟‬‫א‬  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK  K‫א‬K  ‫א‬F١٣٣E‫א‬)(IfV =∆‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K
  • 107. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٣-   0 ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﹼﻲ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ 00 ∆VR V ∆VL V ∆VC V [ A ]I     ‫א‬٣{١٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K    ‫؟‬‫א‬  .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    ‫א‬‫א‬  .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   
  • 108. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٤- ١٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ١‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  •‫א‬‫א‬K ٢ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬W  •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •‫א‬K  •‫א‬K •‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬ ‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬K •‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K •K
  • 109. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٥- ٤‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬F١{٤E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Y)  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K    Udc + - K1 M ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ E1E2 A1 A2 B1 B2 R RDU U E A L + - R f Vdc GS A K V If K 2 ‫ﺗﻮازي‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬       ١٤١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 110. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٦-   ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬K1K  K‫א‬‫א‬RD‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬.R  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Vdc‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬K2‫א‬If‫א‬Rf‫א‬  ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬KE    ‫א‬K  ١‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬F  ‫א‬KE    ٢‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬RK    ٣‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬E،  ‫א‬‫א‬If‫א‬‫א‬RfK    ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬KK  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
  • 111. ‫א‬١٥٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١٠٧- ‫א‬‫א‬K  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK      
  • 112. ‫א‬‫א‬ J١٥٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K.....................................................................١ ٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K.................................................................٨ ٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K.....................................................١٨ ٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K..............................................................٢٧ ٥W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K...................................................................٣٣ ٦W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K......................................................٤١ ٧W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K......................................................................٥٣ ٨W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬..........................................٦٠ ٩W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬...............................................................................٦٨ ١٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬...............................................................................٧٤ ١١W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬...............................................................................٨١ ١٢W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬...........................................................٩٠ ١٣W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬.........................................................................٩٨ ١٤W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬....................................................................١٠٤    
  • 113.                                     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬E‫א‬  GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS

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