LEED 2009 applied to a mixed - use building

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LEED 2009 applied to a mixed use building
This is just an example and many sustainability features suggested do not necessarily conform to LEED prerequisites ( a requirement for certification).

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  • LEED – Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
    USGBC – US green building council
    LEED Image -http://www.emeraldskyline.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/LEED-symbols1.png
  • OPTION 2. Community Connectivity
    Construct or renovate a building on a site that meets the following criteria:
    Is located on a previously developed site
    Is within 1/2 mile of a residential area or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net
    Is within 1/2 mile of at least 10 basic services
    Has pedestrian access between the building and the services
  • LEED 2009 applied to a mixed - use building

    1. 1. CADD SEMESTER PROJECT SUSTAINABLE BUILDING DESIGN
    2. 2. Archlauds Sr. # Name Designation Reg. # 1 Bilal Shahid Khokhar Chief Architect 20 2 Muaaz Bashir Dhudra LEED Engineer 84 3 Muazzam Ali Chief Engineer 45 4 Qasim Umer Manager – HR 96 5 Waleed Liaqat Field Engineer 122
    3. 3. Introduction  The objective of the project was to design a green building or renovate an existing building to make it sustainable. “Green or sustainable building is the practice of creating healthier and more resource-efficient models of construction, renovation, operation, maintenance, and demolition.” © EPA  LEED is a set of rating systems for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings, homes and neighborhoods, developed by the USGBC.  “LEED 2009 For New Construction And Major Renovations” served as the main reference material for the project
    4. 4. THE BUILDING Description and Drawings
    5. 5. Description Type of building Mixed-use Location/site Plot # 35,G-11 Markaz, Shabbir Sharif Rd, Sector G – 11, Islamabad. Site Area 1600 sqyd Number of floors 6 Number of shops 99 Number of offices 35 Number of flats – no dining area 66 Number of flats – dining area 6 Altitude Approx. 1850 ft above sea level Floor by Floor usage Basement Commercial Ground Commercial 1st Commercial 2nd Residential 3rd Residential 4th Residential
    6. 6. Description of areas (by floor) Area Dimension Basement Shop 11’ x 10’-4”, 11’ x 26’, 11’ x 17’, 8’-9” x 10’-4”, 8’-9” x 26’ Corridor 8’ wide, 10’ wide Passage 8’ wide, 7’wide Ground floor Shop 11’ x 64’, 11’ x 56’ Passage 6’ wide, 7’wide, 9’wide 1st floor Office 11’ x 36’ Bath 8'-7" x 5'11“, 5’-7” x 5’- 11” Kitchen 10’ x 8’-3”, 6’x7’, 5’ x 8’- 6” Corridor 8’ wide 2nd , 3rd , 4th Bed 11’ x 11’-4 ‘ T.V Lounge 11’ x 22’, 11’ x 14’ Bath 8'-7" x 5'11“, 5’-7” x 5’-11” Kitchen 10’ x 8’-3”, 6’x7’, 5’ x 8’-6” Dining Room 11’ x 13’ Corridor 8’ wide Schedule of opening Description Size D1 3'-6"X8' D2 3'-3"X8' D3 3'X8' All shop entrances 9'-6"X9' All Bath doors 2'-6"X7' All windows in corridors 4'X6'
    7. 7. Front Elevation
    8. 8. Cross-section
    9. 9. Basement (Plan)
    10. 10. Ground Floor Plan (shops)
    11. 11. 1st Floor Plan (offices)
    12. 12. 2nd , 3rd and 4th Floor Plan (Flats)
    13. 13. Building Site  Building constructed in the heart of the G – 11 sector Islambad i.e. the G-11 Markaz.  G-11 Markaz ; hub of commercial activity.  Easily accessible by road.  At Walking distance to nearby residential areas (potential clients for shopkeepers)  Access to basic infrastructure facilities, amenities and services  Is fairly clean and pollution free.  The site is close to a main highway (Kashmir Highway)  Fulfills LEED’s Sustainable Site (SS) credit 2: Density and Community Connectivity – option 2 criteria. (5 credit points)
    14. 14. SUSTAINABILITY FEATURES Description and Implementation
    15. 15. Efficient Plumbing Fixtures Intent • Conserving water • reducing water bills Pertains to WE Credit 3: Water Use Reduction (2-4 credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Sensor Taps (infrared) • Low output pressure fixtures (faucets, toilets, shower heads) • A few examples are shown below. Calculations • A water use (pressure) baseline must be determined for the building. • Fixtures with output pressures lower than the baseline must be installed. • Online calculator available at zurn.com Fixture Product Max. Flow rate LEED Baseline Price per unit ($) Residential bathroom faucet (sinks) Deva Vision Non Concussive Self Closing Basin Tap - VSN123 1.5 gpm 2.2 gpm 112 Residential Bathroom Shower head MOEN Eco Performance Showerhead 1.75 gpm 2.5 gpm 58
    16. 16. Innovation in plan
    17. 17. Storm water Runoff control Intent • Reducing storm water run off • Harvesting storm water for non-potable uses such as toilet flushing • Less stress on other water sources Pertains to SS Credit 6.1: Storm-water Design - Quantity Control (1 credit point) Technologies / Equipment • Vegetation mats (roof) • Flower boxes • Large PVC Water tank for storm water storage Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Vegetated roof Sika Sarnafil Green Roof – Intensive  6 inch of growth medium is provided that can grow a variety of plants.  Fairly high maintenance will be required.  Storm-water retention up to 75 – 80% 25 – 40 per sf Rain water Storage PVC rainwater tank  Tank installed within basement or underground (near Building) to collect storm-water.  The tank will be connected to toilets on the commercial floors of the building via the building’s plumbing system. variable
    18. 18. Grey Water Reuse Intent • Recycling grey water for non-potable uses • Reducing stress on other water sources • Reducing water bills Pertains to WE Credit 2: Innovative Wastewater Technologies (2 credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Small scale recycling system (per bath) Or • Large scale recycling system for entire building Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Grey water large scale recycling Huber smartMBR • It is an easy to use Membrane Bioreactor system • It can be connected to underground rain water storage tank, which in turn is connected to toilets in the building. • Control functions are provided by an integrated programmable logic controller (PLC). • Treatment capacity : 10 – 75 m3 / day Dependent on certain variables Grey water small scale recycling SLOAN AQUS • Water flowing down wash basin or shower drain is treated • Treated water stored in a 5.5 gallon reservoir. • A centrifugal pump (DC power) pushes water via a connecting pipe into storage tank of the toilet where it will be used for flushing. 189 - 375
    19. 19. Cool or Green roof Intent • Reducing heat transfer into the building • Reducing energy bills Pertains to SS Credit 7.2: Heat Island effect, EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Performance (1+(1 – 19) credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Vegetation mats (cover 50% or more of roof) • Reflective Coatings Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Reflective roof coatings Sikacoat® roof coating (white color recommen ded) • It is a water-based acrylic technology that is low in odor and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). • Sikacoat meets the cool roofing requirements of Energy Star®, California Title 24, LEED® and Green Globes® programs. • It has high solar reflectance. 0.75 – 3 per sqft
    20. 20. Innovation in plan
    21. 21. Efficient Building Envelope Intent • Preventing water ingress ,entry of pollutants, entry of insects and heat transfer • Reducing energy bills • Maintaining indoor air quality Pertains to EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Performance (1 – 19 credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Sealants (doors and windows), Caulks (floors) • Double glazed openable windows • Durable and heat reflecting exterior paints Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Glazed windows WIN-PAK Double glaze glass • Consists of two glass sheets separated by an aluminum spacer. • The spacer contains desiccant granules to absorb moisture. • can reduce the energy consumption of a building by 30% or more. Varies according to size of the windows Durable exterior paint ICI Dulux Weather shield Sun Reflect (Various Shades) • It is a high quality 100% acrylic based emulsion paint. • It can keep exterior walls upto 5 degrees (Celcius) cooler. Varies according to required volume
    22. 22. Green Refrigerants Intent • Use of refrigerants that cause little to no ozone depletion or other environmental damage Pertains to EA Credit 4: Enhanced Refrigerant Management (2 credit points) Calculations • Determination of each HVACR equipment’s ozone depletion (ODP) and global warming potential (GWP) for its life cycle • Using GWP and ODP values to determine the refrigerant impact per ton • The ozone depletion potential (ODP) of a chemical compound is the relative amount of degradation to the ozone layer it can cause, with trichlorofluoromethane (R-11 or CFC-11) being fixed at an ODP of 1. Refrigerants with ODP near to zero or less than 0 are not considered harmful to the ozone. • The averaged refrigerant impact per ton for a building should be less than 100 (LEED standard) Technologies / Equipment • Any HVACR systems using Ammonia (R717), Carbon dioxide (R744), Hydroflorocarbons (HFCs)(R410a most common), Water (R718) Refrigerant Companies that offer relevant products Examples of products Ammonia, , Carbon dioxide, Water, HFCs Carrier, SolarNext, Toshiba Residential split systems, Commercial Multi-split systems, Industrial HVAC systems, Chilled beam systems, Underfloor air distribution systems.
    23. 23. Air Purification and Air Quality Monitoring Intent • Removing foul odors, dust, pathogens and other contaminants from the air • Maintaining a high indoor air quality Pertains to IEQ Credit 5: Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control (1credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Automatic Air purifiers (Hall ways, entrances, exits) • Automatic dehumidifiers (offices and flats) Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Air purifier Dr. Weil Single-Room Air Purifier by Dansk®  4-stage, "ozone free" filtration system removes 99.97% of dust, dander and pollen, smoke and odors  Neutralizes most airborne viruses, bacteria, mold and fungi as small as 0.003 microns  Features a smart sensor technology which allows it to continually monitor and control air quality  The purifier uses a HEPA (high efficiency particulate absorbing) filter 389 Dehumidifier TrueDRY DR65 from Honeywell  Removes up to 65 pints of moisture per day  Minimal maintenance required  Increased comfort and energy savings  Refrigerant Type: R-410A 1066
    24. 24. Innovation in plan
    25. 25. Geothermal System Intent • Using renewable energy for heating • Reducing stress on non-renewable resources • Reducing the building’s energy costs (40 to 60 %) Pertains to EA Credit 2: On-site Renewable Energy (7 credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Horizontally loop (preferred because of low penetration depth) • Vertical loop • Slinky loop • Pond loop • Radiators Feature Local companies that offer relevant products and services Estimated cost ($) Geothermal system Shan Geothermal Technologies, Blueline Technologies, Tecnasia International Depends upon scope of work needed to implement the technology
    26. 26. Innovation in plan
    27. 27. Material Recycling Intent • Reducing construction cost • Conserving natural resources and energy • Conserving landfill space Pertains to MR Credit 3: Materials Reuse (1 – 2 points) Implementation • Using Recycled materials (steel , wood etc.) in construction • Providing separate containers for different kinds of solid waste (paper, plastics, glass) at waste disposal areas within the building to encourage waste sorting • Sending any sorted solid waste to local waste management or recycling companies or organizations Use of recycled materials • Furniture • Plumbing fixtures • Electrical Fixtures • Beams, columns Local waste recycling organizations Waste busters, Ali traders waste management, Environmental Protection Department for recycling
    28. 28. Interior finishes and use of adhesives Intent • Maintaining high indoor air quality • Reducing VOC emissions and ultimately reducing environmental pollution • Reducing VOC related health problems (Eye and throat irritation, headaches, cancer, liver or kidney damage) Pertains to IEQ Credit 4.2: Low-Emitting Materials - Paints and Coatings (1 credit point) Technologies / Equipment • Low VOC interior paints • Low VOC polishes and varnishes • Low VOC glues and adhesives Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Interior wall finish Berger Breathe Easy Paints  can be applied on all types of smooth plasters, false ceiling, asbestos sheet, concrete etc.  Available in 3.6 liters and 0.9 liters pack  Available in 101 shades Depends on shade and volume required Adhesives/glues Loctite PL 375 VOC Heavy Duty Construction Adhesive  It is a versatile premium grade water-based adhesive for demanding construction jobs  It is non-flammable, environmentally friendly, and meets US state and federal VOC limit regulations  Sets in just 20 minutes and cures in 48 hours 4.98
    29. 29. Flooring systems Intent • Maintaining high indoor air quality • Reducing VOC emissions and ultimately reducing environmental pollution • Reducing VOC related health problems (Eye and throat irritation, headaches, cancer, liver or kidney damage) • Reducing deforestation Pertains to IEQ Credit 4.3: Low-Emitting Materials - Flooring systems ( 1 credit points) Technologies / Equipment • Bamboo flooring (high growth and renewal rate, insect and water resistant, cheap, hard and dense, low processing and maintenance) • Ceramic and stone tiles (use of low VOC grouts possible) Feature Product Description Bamboo flooring Teragren® flooring  Has earned FloorScore®-certification, the highest air quality standard in the world  All panels and 1/8" veneer are SCS Indoor Advantage™ Gold certified ( low VOC emissions)  Optimum 5.5® Moso bamboo (matured bamboo) used  Available in a variety of textures, shades and designs Ceramic & stone tiles  Available locally at Hadayatsons, Millat Marble, Asia Marble, S. Abdullah etc.  Variety of designs available
    30. 30. Innovation in plan
    31. 31. Low Emissivity Films Intent • Maintaining indoor air temperature • Reducing heat transfer without compromising much on light • Reducing energy costs Pertains to EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Performance (1 – 19 credit points) Implementation • Double glazed glass used in the building can be coated with Low E films made from silver or aluminum • Low E films should be applied to both sheets of a double glazed window • Low E films cost 0.5$ /sqft to apply • They can remain effective in temperatures of upto 60 degree Celsius • Reapplication required after 4 years of use
    32. 32. Innovation in plan
    33. 33. Wireless Fire Detection And Alarm System Intent • Providing safety against fires • Reducing response time to fires • Reducing energy bills (use of battery powered detectors and alarms) • Reducing environmental pollution Technologies / Equipment • Wireless (battery powered) Detectors and alarms • Radio linked Alarms (one alarm triggered, others triggered automatically) • Environment friendly fire extinguishers • Multiple Fire Escape routes ( stairs on both ends of a building) Feature Product Description Price per unit ($) Smoke detector and alarm system Radio-Interlinked Smoke and Heat Alarms - Ei3100RF Series • A maximum of 12 alarms can be interconnected • RF range 150 metres (minimum) in free space and up to 30 metres in buildings • 5 year Warranty 63 - 89 Fire Extinguishers PurafoamTM Fire Extiguisher • Purafoam™ is readily biodegradable, therefore less harmful to the environment. • Effective at fighting Class A (solid) and Class B (liquid) fires • Comes in a variety of sizes 90 (large)
    34. 34. Efficient Electrical Fixtures Intent • Reducing energy bills • Reducing stress on energy production • Reducing Environmental pollution caused by energy production Technologies / Equipment • Low wattage lights (LEDs, Compact fluorescent lights) • Intensity control switches (brightness) Usage • Skylights and other exterior lighting • Interior lighting Companies Philips, Energy Focus, Osaka, Metro From Eartheasy.com
    35. 35. Innovation in plan
    36. 36. Conclusion Anticipated Benefits of Sustainable Features and Possible Implementation Problems
    37. 37. Concluding Statements Anticipated Benefits of Sustainable Features  Reduced health problems such as allergic reactions, asthma attacks, headaches etc. (cleaner air)  Reduced electrical bills  Reduced water bills  Improved safety against fires  Lowered maintenance costs of structural and architectural elements (such as floors)  Lowered Carbon – footprint of the building (Low Global Warming Impact)  Increased social contact (Vegetated roofs can serve as community parks)  Conservation of non renewable energy sources  Conservation of landfill space Possible Implementation Problems  One technology may undermine the function of another e.g. use of certain ceramic tiles clashes with the function of the use of low VOC paints  Unanticipated costs related to implementation e.g. installation of geothermal heating system may cost a lot more than the estimated cost  Use of incompetent personnel for implementation may reduce impact of the features.  Requirement of separate personnel for implementation of each feature may arise

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