Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically                      William Siebert Arlington High School            ...
Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically             William Siebert Arlington High School                     ...
Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically               William Siebert Arlington High SchoolDigestion (1.2b) (1...
Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically              William Siebert Arlington High SchoolOrganic compounds (5...
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Biology- Regents Review Vocabulary - ABC


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Biology- Regents Review Vocabulary - ABC

  1. 1. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High School VOCABULARY FOR THE NEW YORK STATE LIVING ENVIRONMENT CORE CURRICULUM GUIDE Alphabetized by Bill Siebert, Arlington High School, Lagrangeville NY updated with lab appendix and several terms to be included in a new edition to be released at some pointNote on Part D Vocabulary:According to various people involved in Regents Exam development at SED, we can use the words specific to arequired lab in Part D only in an item based on that particular lab, and this would only be acceptable to the extentthat it was explained in the lab. A word from one lab can not be used in items based on any of the other requiredlabs. In other words, we cannot just take a vocabulary word in a lab and assume full knowledge of it in the way it isunderstood now, or was required in the old syllabus. The words have a context and that must be considered too.For example, a word such as mRNA can be used when asking about the Biodiversity lab. A student could be asked,given a particular DNA sequence and a mRNA codon table, to deduce the mRNA that would be formed, but aquestion about its movement from the nucleus to the ribosomes would not be OK unless that was specificallymentioned in the lab.A word that does not appear in the core, but is used in one of the required labs cant show up on Parts A, B, or C ofthe same exam even though the lab is required during that academic year.Using the same example, since in the Biodiversity Lab the word “translates” is used in explaining the connectionbetween the mRNA and the protein, it would be acceptable to see the word “translates” or “translation” in aquestion that specifically tests the Biodiversity lab, but a question on part A or B to the tune of “Identify themolecule that is made when the sequence of molecular bases originally in DNA is translated.” would not beacceptable. 1
  2. 2. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High School STANDARD 1Bias (2.3c) Experiment (Intro) Reasoning (KI 2 Intro)Chance (3.2) Formulations (1.1) Sample size (2.3c)Charts (3.1) Generalizations (3.1) Science (Intro)Concepts (1.1b) Hypotheses (2.3) Scientific inquiry (KI 1 Intro)Conclusion (3.3) Infer (Intro) Societal (Intro)Consensus (KI 2 Intro) Invented (KI 3 Intro) Society (1.1b)Conventional (KI 31 Intro) Matrix (3.1) Statistical analysis (3.2)Diagrams (3.1) Methodologies (2.2) Technologies (2.2)Discipline (1.4) Peer review (Intro) Theory (1.4)Electronic (2.2) Phenomena (1.1) Values (1.1c)Equations (3.1) Prediction (1.3a) (3.3)Ethical (Intro) Proposal (2.3) STANDARD 4A, G, C, T (2.1f) Biological evolution (3.1a) Chromosomes (2.1c)Abiotic (KI 6 Intro) Biosphere (6.1b) Circulation (1.2b)Active transport (1.2g) Biotechnological methods (KI 2 Climatic change (6.3c)Adapted (KI 3 Intro) Intro) Cloning (4.1b)Adaptive characteristics (3.1l) Biotic (KI 6 Intro) Coded instructions (2.1b)Adaptive value (KI 3 Intro) Birth (KI 4 Intro) Combination of genes (3.1b)Aging (KI 4 Intro) Body cells (2.1k) (3.1d) Combinations of traits (KI 2AIDS (5.2f) Bonds (5.1c) Intro)Algae (6.1a) Breakdown (5.1f) Competition (KI 6 Intro)Allele (new edition to be Building blocks (1.2h) Complex organism (1.3) released) Cancer (5.2c) Components (KI 1 Intro)Allergic reactions (5.2g) Cancerous cell (5.2f) Compounds (1.2h)Altered ecosystem (6.3c) Carbon (6.1c) Consumer (1.1a) (6.1g)Altered gene (2.1h) Carbon dioxide (5.1b) Consumption (7.1c)Amino acids (1.2h) Carnivore (6.1a) Continuation (4.1a)Antibiotic (KI 3 Intro) Carrying capacity (6.1d) Continuity (KI 2 Intro) (KI 4Antibody (5.1g) Cell membrane (1.2i) Intro)Antigens (5.2c) Cells (KI 1 Intro) Control mechanisms (1.2c)Asexually reproducing (2.1d) Cellular (KI 1 Intro) (5.3a) Coordination (1.2b)Atmosphere (7.1b) Cellular communication (1.2j) Corrective actions (1.2c) (KI 5Atom (6.1b) Cellular respiration (5.1d) Intro)ATP (5.1d) Chains (2.1i) Costs (7.3a)Autotrophic (1.1a) Change during lifetime (KI 3 Cyclic changes (1.1e)Bacteria (2.2c) Intro) Cycling of materials (KI 6 Intro)Balance (KI 1 Intro) Characteristic (KI 2 Intro) Cytoplasm (1.2i)Balanced internal environment Chemical change (5.1f) Death (KI 5 Intro) (1.2c) Chemical composition (KI 1 Intro) Decomposer (1.1a) (6.1a)Base (DNA) (2.1f) (7.2a) Deforestation (KI 7 Intro)Behavior (KI 3 Intro) Chemical energy (5.1c) Deleting DNA segment (2.2d)Benefit (7.3a) Chemical reaction (1.2h) Development (KI 4 Intro)Biochemical process (KI 5 Intro) Chemical signals (1.2g) Deviations (1.2c) (KI 5 Intro) (5.1f) Chlorophyll (new edition to be Diagnosing (5.2j)Biodiversity (6.2a) released) Differentiation (KI 4 Intro)Biological catalysts (5.1f) Chloroplasts (5.1b) Diffusion (1.2g) 2
  3. 3. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High SchoolDigestion (1.2b) (1.2h) Fossil fuel (7.2c) Inserting DNA segment (2.2d)Direct harvesting (7.1c) Fossil record (3.1e) Insulin (5.3b)Disease (KI 5 Intro) Function of protein (2.1i) Interactions (1.1c) (1.2j)Disturbance (6.3) Functions (1.2) Interdependence(y) (1.1d) (6.3)Diversity (KI 1 Intro) (KI 3 Fungus(i) (5.2b) Internal development (4.1f) Intro) Gamete (KI 4 Intro) Internal environment (KI 5DNA (KI 2 Intro) Gene (KI 2 Intro) Intro)Dynamic equilibrium (KI 5 Gene mutation (3.1d) (5.2i) Internal fertilization (4.1f) Intro) Generation (2.1b) (7.3b) Interrelationship (6.3a)Ecological community (6.3b) Genetic (KI 1 Intro) Kingdoms (KI 2 Intro)Ecological niche (KI 6 Intro) Genetic engineering (KI 2 Intro) Learned behavior (KI 5 Intro)Ecological succession (6.3b) Genetic information (KI 2 Intro) Level of organization (KI 1Ecology (KI 6 Intro) (2.1e) Intro)Ecosystem (KI 1 Intro) Genetic makeup (2.2) Life functions (1.2b)Ecosystem stability (1.1f) (6.2a) Genetic manipulation Light intensity (6.1e)Egg (2.1e) Genetic material (2.1) Long-term stability (6.3c)Eliminate waste (5.1e) Genetic variability (3.1f) Mammal (4.1f)Embryo (4.1f) Genetically identical (2.1d) (KI 4 Manipulation of genes (KI 2Embryonic development (4.1h) Intro) Intro)Encoded (2.1f) Geological time (KI 3 Intro) Mate (KI 6 Intro)Endocrine (new edition to be Global awareness (KI 7 Intro) Mechanism of evolution (3.1) released) Global stability (7.1c) Meiosis (3.1c)Energy (KI 5 Intro) Global warming (KI 7 Intro) Membrane (1.2g)Energy pyramid (6.1b) Glucose (5.1b) Metabolic (KI 1 Intro)Energy-rich (5.1b) Green plant (6.1a) Microbes (5.2e)Engulf (5.2d) Growth (KI 4 Intro) Milk (4.1f)Environment (1.1b) (KI 3 Intro) Guard cells (5.3b) Mineral availability (6.1e)Environmental change (6.2a) Habitat (6.1d) Minerals (6.1d)Environmental factors (1.1d) Heart rate (5.3b) Mitochondria (1.2i) (5.1d)Environmental impact (KI 4 Herbivores (6.1a) Mitosis (KI 4 Intro) Intro) Hereditary (KI 1 Intro) Molecular bases (DNA) (2.1f)Environmentally literate (KI 7 Heredity (2.1b) Molecular basis of heredity (KI Intro) Heterotrophic (1.1a) 2 Intro)Enzyme (2.2c) Homeostasis (KI 1 Intro) (KI 5 Molecules (1.2g) (1.2i)Enzyme-controlled (KI 5 Intro) Intro) Monitor (KI 5 Intro)Equilibrium (1.1e) Homeostatic feedback mechanism Movement (1.2b)Established ecosystem (1.1d) (KI 5 Intro) Multicellular (KI 1 Intro) (1.3a)Estrogen (4.1e) Hormone (1.2j) Mutation (KI 2 Intro)Evolution (KI 3 Intro) Host (6.1g) Natural disaster (6.3c)Evolutionary change (KI 3 Intro) Hydrogen (6.1c) Natural selection (KI 3 Intro)Excretion (1.2b) Imbalance (1.2d) Nerve cell (1.2j)Expression (2.1a) Immune system (5.2c) Nitrogen (6.1c)External environment (KI 5 Immunity (1.2b) Normal state (KI 5 Intro) Intro) Individual (2.1e) Nuclear fuel (7.2c)Extinction (3.1l) Individual choice (7.3) Nucleus (1.2i)Fat (5.1c) Industrialization (7.2c) Nutrient (1.2i)Feedback mechanism (5.3b) Infections (4.1f) Nutrition (5.2h)Fertilization (3.1c) (KI 4 Intro) Infectious agent (5.2f) Offspring (KI 2 Intro)Fetus (4.1f) Inherit (KI 2 Intro) One-celled organism (1.3)Finite resources (KI 7 Intro) Inheritable characteristic (3.1b) Organ (1.2a)Flow of energy (KI 6 Intro) Inheritance (5.2h) Organ malfunction (5.2h)Food chain (KI 6 Intro) Inherited (2.1a) Organ systems (KI 1 Intro)Food web (KI 1 Intro) (KI 6 Inorganic (1.2h) Organelles (1.2) Intro) Insect (KI 3 Intro) Organic (1.2h) 3
  4. 4. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High SchoolOrganic compounds (5.1c) Recycle (6.1d) Structures (1.2)Organism (KI 1 Intro) Regulatory (KI 1 Intro) Struggle for survival (KI 3 Intro)Organismal (5.3a) Renew (resources) (7.1a) Substituting DNA segmentOrganizational levels (1.2) Replicate (KI 2 Intro) (2.2d)Ovary (4.1f) Replication (2.1) Survival (KI 3 Intro)Overproduction of offspring (KI Reproduction (KI 1 Intro) (1.2b) Synthesis (1.2h) 3 Intro) (KI 2 Intro) Systems (1.2)Oxygen (5.1b) Reproductive cell (3.1b) Technological development (7.2)Ozone shield (KI 7 Intro) Reproductive cycle (KI 3 Intro) Technological fix (KI 7 Intro)Pancreas (5.3b) Reproductive success (3.1i) Technology (7.1c)Parasite (5.2b) (6.1g) Reproductive technology (KI 4 Temperature (5.1f)Parent (KI 2 Intro) Intro) Temperature range (6.1e)Pathogen (KI 3 Intro) Resources (1.1c) Template (2.1f)Pathogenic (5.2c) Respiration (1.2b) Testes (4.1g)Pattern of evolution (3.1) Respiratory rate (5.3b) Testosterone (4.1e)Personal behavior (5.2h) Respond (KI 5 Intro) Tissues (1.2)Pesticide (KI 3 Intro) Response to stimuli (5.3a) Total ecosystem (1.1c)pH (5.1f) Ribosome (1.2i) Toxic (5.2h)Photosynthesis (5.1a) Risks (7.3a) Toxin (4.1f)Photosynthetic organism (6.1a) Rock (6.1e) Trade-off (7.3a)Physical conditions (6.1e) Role (6.2a) Trait (2.1c)Physical traits (KI 2 Intro) Scavenge (6.1g) Transform (5.1e)Placenta (4.1f) Segment of DNA (2.2c) Transplanted (5.2g)Pollution (KI 7 Intro) Selection (KI 3 Intro) Transport (1.2i)Population growth (7.1c) Selective breeding (KI 2 Intro) Unifying theme (KI 3 Intro)Populations (1.1) Sex cells (KI 3 Intro) Uterus (4.1f)Predator (6.1g) Sexually reproducing (2.1e) Vaccinations (5.2e)Pregnancy (4.1f) Shape of protein (2.1i) Vacuole (1.2i)Prey (6.1g) Simple sugars (1.2h) Variations among offspring (KIProducer (1.1a) (6.1g) Societal actions (7.3) 3 Intro)Progesterone (4.1e) Soil (6.1e) Varieties (KI 2 Intro)Protein (1.2h) Solar energy (5.1b) Viral disease (5.2f)Protein building (1.2i) Sorting of genes (3.1c) Virus (5.2b)Radiation (3.1d) Specialized (1.2i) Water (5.1b)Rate of water loss (new edition Species (1.1b) Water cycle (7.1b) to be released) Sperm (2.1e) White blood cells (5.2c)Receptor (1.2j) Stability (KI 1 Intro) (1.1) Zygote (KI 4 Intro)Recombination (KI 2 Intro) Starch (1.2h)Recombination of genes (3.1c) Steady state (KI 5 Intro)APPENDIX A - LABORATORY CHECKLISTAssumptions Electronic balance MoleculeChromatography Electrophoresis ObservationsCompound microscope Expressed data SpecimenComputer Generalization SpecimensConclusion Graduated cylinder Staining techniqueControl group Graph StereoscopeControlled experiment Independent variable TemperatureControlled variables Length ThermometerData Limitations Triple-beam balanceData table Magnification VolumeDependent variable Mass Wet-mount slideDichotomous key Metric 4