12205478 pss7


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12205478 pss7

  1. 1. THE INNOVATION OF MOBILE PHONEName : Wong Tsz TingID:1220547810/23/2012
  2. 2. FutureIntroduction Survey Development Applications Conclusion of RFID Results and Opportunities
  3. 3. RFID RFID = Radio Frequency Identification Electronic labeling and wireless identification of objects using radio frequency Tag carries with its information  a serial number  Model number  Color or any other imaginable data When these tags pass through a field generated by a compatible reader, they transmit this information back to the reader, thereby identifying the object
  4. 4. RFID COMPONENTS A basic RFID system consists of these components:  A programmable RFID tag/inlay for storing item data;  Consisting of an RFID chip for data storage  an antenna to facilitate communication with the RFID chip A reader/antenna system to interrogate the RFID inlay Application software and a host computer system
  5. 5. RFID TAG The RFID tag consists of an integrated circuit (IC) embedded in a thin film medium. Information stored in the memory of the RFID chip is transmitted by the antenna circuit embedded in the RFID inlay via radio frequencies, to an RFID reader 3 types  Passive  Semi-passive  Active
  6. 6. TYPES OF RFID TAGS Active Tags Semi-passive Tags Passive Tags• Use a battery • Contain built-in • Derive their power• communicate over batteries to power from the field distances of the chip’s circuitry, generated by the several meters resist interference reader and circumvent a • without having an lack of power from active transmitter the reader signal to transfer the due to long information stored distance. • They are different from active tags in that they only transmit data at the time a response is received
  7. 7. APPLICATIONS Frequency Appx. Read Data Speed Cost of Application Range Tags Low Frequency <5cm Low High • Animal Identification (125kHz) (passive) • Access Control High Frequency 10 cm – 1m Low to Moderate Medium • Smart Cards (13.56 Mhz) to Low (passive) • Payment (paywave) Ultra High 3m -7m Moderate to High Low • Logistics and Supply Chain Frequency (433, 868-928 Mhz) (passive) • Baggage Tracking Microwave (2.45 & 10m -15m High High • Electronic toll collection 5.8 Ghz) (Autotoll) (passive) • Container Tracking 20m – 40m (active)
  8. 8. CURRENT APPLICATIONSApplication Segment Representative Applications Competitive Technologies Current Penetration Typical Tag TypeAccess Control Doorway entry Other keyless entry technologies High PassiveAsset Tracking Locating tractors within a None Low Active freight yardAsset Tagging Tracking corporate computing Bar Code Low Passive systemsAuthentication Luxury goods counterfeit Holograms Low Passive preventionBaggage Tracking Positive bag matching Bar Code, Optical Character Low Passive RecognitionPOS Applications SpeedPass Credit Cards, Smart Cards, Wireless Medium Passive PhonesSCM (Container Level) Tracking containers in shipping GPS-based Systems Low Active terminalsSCM (Pallet Level) Tracking palletized shipments Bar Code Minimal Active, PassiveSCM (Item Level) Identifying individual items Bar Code Minimal PassiveVehicle Identification Electronic toll collection Bar Code, License plate, reader Medium Active, Passive systemsVehicle Immobilizers Automotive ignition systems Other theft prevention technologies High Passive
  9. 9. APPLICATIONSCredit Cards with RFID(Paywave function) Octopus (Smart Card)
  10. 10. APPLICATIONSAutotoll (Electronic toll collection) Access Control
  11. 11. ONLINE SURVEY Target: SME Information: Opinion on RFID and its applications Site:  http://qtrial.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_9N5UPRZuyuWt sk4
  12. 12. SURVEY RESULT Types of industries that respondents think it is possible to apply RFID technology Document Management 8% Inventory Control 10% Security Customer Services 8% 5% Library Management Hotel Management 21% Other 5% 18% Banking and Finance 5% Pharmaceutic manufacturing Social Services industries Logistics and Supply Chain 3% 15% Management 20%
  13. 13. FURTHER DEVELOPMENT In medical uses and library management
  14. 14. VIDEO
  15. 15. CONCLUSION Positive  RFID is a contactless reading technology and can read through other materials  Hold more data than barcode does  RFID tags data can be changed or added  More effective, bring lots of convenience to us Negative  Cost is relatively remain high (compare to barcode)  RFID signals may have problems with some materials  RFID standards are still being developed