Year 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945President Hindenburg HitlerSummary Hitler secures his position Hitler prepares Germany for war WW2Details Hitler in a weak positionFeb 1933- Reichstag Fire= Communists blamed= Emergency Decree- SA arrestCommunists(concentration camps)March Elections- Nazis only have 44%March 1933- Enabling Act= Hitler wants powers to pass lawswithout Reichstag= Trade Unions closed and politicalparties banned- Germany = 1 Party StateJune 1934- Night of Long Knives= Hitler and Army worried about SA somakes a deal with them= SS arrest SA leaders= Army leaders promise their supportAugust 1934- Hindenburg dies= Hitler makes himself Chancellor andPresident (aka Fuhrer)= Army swear oath to HitlerHitler has total power and Germany isnow a police stateHitler needs to• reduce unemployment• rearm the German Army• take back lands taken in ToV• make Germany racially pureStarts very well for the Nazis as theGerman Army conquers most ofEurope. After 1941 things start goingwrong and Germany is invaded at theend of the war. Nazis destroyed.How the Nazis reduced unemployment• Female and Jewish civil servants sacked• RAD- Labour Front for young unemployed men• Rearmament- more factory jobs to make weapons• Army increased in size•Building projects (i.e. motorways)ResistanceIncreases as the war turns againstGermany. Punishments for resistancebecome more brutal as the war startsto go wrong.JewsLife gradually gets worse. 1935 NuremburgLaws rob Jews of citizenship and Nov 1938Kristallnacht sees first mass arrests.Jews/minoritiesGets worse over time. Starved inghettos, shot or gassed/worked todeath. Similar for other undesirables.UnemployedUnemployment disappears, but workers haveno rights and suffer from a fall in wages.UnemployedExpected to work longer hours.Factories bombed near end of war.WomenEncouraged to stay at home and have largefamilies- rewarded with medals and loans.WomenExpected to do the work of men andstill have large families. Shortages.YoungNon-Nazi Youth organisations are closeddown so Hitler Youth membership rises.Young80% of young people in Hitler Youthgroups. Some fight at end of war.Nazi Germany 1933-45
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