Extra Medicine Questions 2- Industrial and 20th Century 1700-2000Document Transcript
Further questions 2: Industrial and 20th Century Medicine 1700-2000Causation● What part did Louis Pasteur play in the development of vaccines? Explain your answer. (9)● How did Edward Jenner eradicated small pox? (9)● In what ways did the training of doctors change during the period c1350–c1900? (12)● Why did the standard of medical treatment improve so rapidly during the twentieth century? (12)● Why did the understanding of the causes of disease change between c1350 and c1900? (12)● Explain why Alexander Fleming’s discovery of penicillin in 1928 such a limited impact on medical treatment atthe time. (9)● Why have many medical advances since 1860 been made by research teams? Use your own knowledge ofadvances in medicine since 1860 to explain your answer.● Why, in the period 1350-1900, did the most rapid changes in training of nurses take place after the middle ofthe nineteenth century rather than earlier? Explain your answer.● Why have developments in science and technology have been so important in improving the understanding andtreatment of illness since 1900?● In what ways has technology affected the treatment available to patients in hospitals since 1900?Role● How important for the prevention of disease was Edward Jenner’s discovery of a smallpox vaccination in 1796?● Choose EITHER Jenner or Pasteur. How important was his contribution to the development of vaccines?Explain your answer. (9)● What contribution did Florence Nightingale make to improvements in hospital care? Explain your answer. (9)● How did the role of doctors change between the 19th and 20th centuries? (9)Consequences● Explain why Jenner’s creation of the smallpox vaccine was important in developing our understanding of thetreatment of disease. (9)● What impact did Elizabeth Garrett Anderson’s success at qualifying as a doctor have on women in medicine? (9)● Explain the importance of the use of antibiotics in medicine.(9)● Explain how Fleming’s discovery of penicillin as an antibiotic was important in developing our understanding ofthe treatment of disease.● How much did the care for the sick in hospitals change in the period from the mid-nineteenth century to theend of the twentieth century? Explain your answer.