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A presentation on Open Access given to the leadership of Brigham Young University Oct 9, 2008

A presentation on Open Access given to the leadership of Brigham Young University Oct 9, 2008

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  • “ Open Access” is at the heart of changes in academic publishing. It is the key to opening the reach and influence of BYU’s scholarship.

Opening Our Scholarship Opening Our Scholarship Presentation Transcript

  • Open Access & evolving scholarly communications A Presentation to the BYU Academic Vice President’s Council October 9, 2008 Gideon Burton Jeff Belliston
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    • Economics of publishing
    • Digital context for scholarship
  • 1. Advantages and publishing options 2. Author rights 3. Institutional repository
    • Digital
    • Online
    • Free of charge
    • Free of most copyright and licensing restrictions
    • Source: Peter Suber, “Open Access Overview” http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
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    • Research and Writing
    Peer Review Publication
  • No longer the beginning or ending point for scholarship
  • Scriptorium Printing Press
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    • “ There is nothing more necessary for promoting the improvement of Philosophical Matters, than the communicating — [of] such things as are discovered or put in practice by others; it is therefore thought fit to employ the Press.” –Henry Oldenburg, Philosophical Transactions , 1665
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    • Restriction Makes Possible
    • Number of publications Quality control / prestige
    • Price / Subscription Cover publishing costs
    • Give up copyright Exclusive access via publisher
    • Restriction Negative Result
    • Number of publications Less published
    • Price / Subscription Less circulated
    • Give up copyright Less used
    • Academic presses closing
    • Reduced subsidies for university presses
    • Fewer titles per press
    • Smaller print runs
  • North American Research Library Serial & Monograph Costs, 1986-2003 (ARL Statistics)
    • Indexed, but not available
    • Copyright restricts re-use
      • Classroom
      • Global access
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  • Digital Publishing Printing Press
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    • Restricted Access
    Open Access
    • “ A commitment to the value and quality of research carries with it a responsibility to extend the circulation of such work as far as possible and ideally to all who are interested in it and all who might profit by it.”
        • – John Willinsky, The Access Principle (MIT Press, 2005)
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  • Where to publish “Sudden Cardiac Death during Mountain Hiking and Downhill Skiing”
  • Where to publish “Sudden Cardiac Death during Mountain Hiking and Downhill Skiing”
  • Where to publish “Sudden Cardiac Death during Mountain Hiking and Downhill Skiing”
    • 1. Traditional journals
    • 2. Open Access journals
    • 3. Institutional repositories
    • Dr. Dennis Tolley
    • Statistics Professor
    • Published an Open Access article in a traditional journal
  •  
    • Researching “Labor Force Participation”
      • 60 articles in the last year - 2 with Full Text access
  • The Open Access article by BYU’s Dennis Tolley was cited 13 times more than the non-Open Access articles published the same year on this topic.
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    • “ OA articles compared to non-OA articles remained twice as likely to be cited in the first 4-10 months after publication…with the odds ratio increasing to 2.9 10-16 months after publication.”
    • Source: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040157
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  • Source: https://arl.org/lists/sparc-oaforum/Message/140.html
    • Peer-reviewed
    • Freely and readily available
    • Used more than non-OA journals
    • Funded by processing fees and subsidies
    • Authors retain copyright
  • Discipline No. of Journals Humanities 322 Fine Arts & Communications 150 Business 68 Family Home & Social Sciences 894 Life Sciences 738 Physical & Mathematical Sciences 747 Engineering 233 Health & Human Performance 1054 Nursing 25 Law 65 Religion 57 Education 247
  •  
    • Biological Reviews
    • Cambridge publication
    • Active since 1923
    • NOT Open Access ($420/year online)
    • ISI Impact Factor Rank: 2 (second highest)
    • PLOS-Biology
    • Online peer-reviewed
    • Active since 2003
    • Open Access
    • ISI Impact Factor Rank: 1 (highest)
    • Dr. Gregory Nordin
    • Engineering and Technology Endowed Chair Professor
    • Speciality: Optics
    • Why does Dr. Nordin favor publishing in Open Access journals?
  • Journal Began Access Impact Factor Rank (2006) Number of Greg’s articles (since 1997) Total Citations to these articles Applied Optics 1962 Closed 13 6 19 Journal of the Optical Society of America 1917 Closed 11 3 42 Optics Letters 1977 Closed 2 3 39 Optics Express 1997 Open 1 12 97
  • Type Examples Home Page http://www.math.byu.edu/~jarvis/ E-print archive ArXiv.org / BYU ScholarsArchive Author Fee BioMed Central / PLOS / Hindawi Subsidized First Monday Dual-mode Journal of Book of Mormon Studies Delayed Western North American Naturalist Partial The Lancet Bibliographic Indexing ScienceDirect Cooperative Open Journal System
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  • Adapted from Repository66.org
    • Specialties: Algebraic geometry and mathematical physics
    • Chair of Math department
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    • Open Access repository
    • Author website
    • Electronic Journal (closed, access via institutional subscription)
    • Print version
  • Source: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/news/libraries/2005/2005-04-21.open_access.html
    • 1. Education
    • 2. Encouragement (“opt-in”)
    • 3. Policy (“opt-out”)
  • Open Access & evolving scholarly communications A Presentation to the BYU Academic Vice President’s Council October 9, 2008 Gideon Burton Jeff Belliston