Information Technology Engineering What it means to be an IT - Engineer! “ Information Technology is the use of hardware, software, services, and supporting infrastructure to manage and deliver information.”
“ Informatics is the scientific field that deals with biomedical information, data and knowledge - their storage, retrieval and optimal use for problem-solving and decision-making.” “ Knowledge Management is the collection of processes that govern the creation, dissemination, and utilization of knowledge”
How it works…… IT World Professional Users: CAD engineers, E - traders Industry Professionals & Workers: Programmers, System Analysts, Network Managers, Technicians, etc. Users — for work: Accountants, Architects, Writers Users — for learning: Stud ents and Workers Users — for living: On - line Shoppers, Check - writers, Websurfers Gr. 1 - 6 IT World Awareness Gr. 7 - 8 IT World Exploration Gr. 9 - 12 Work - based Learning (Internships Mentoring & other) Programming Science Math 4 - year coll ege 2 - year college Certificate programs Education System
Making Sense of IT for Learning, Living & Working Hardware Hardware Software Multimedia/Web Systems Integration IT INDUSTRY SPECIFIC TECHNICAL SKILLS/COMPETENCIES IT INTEGRATION APPLICATION-INTENSIVE SKILLS/COMPETENCIES Agriculture/ Natural Resources Construction Manufacturing Transportation, Distribution & Logistics Wholesale/ Retail Sales & Service Hospitality & Tourism Business & Administration Health Science Human Services Arts & Audio-Visual Communications Legal & Protective Services Scientific, Research, Engineering & Technical Education & Training Public Administration/ Government Financial Services IT SCANS
IT for LEARNING & LIVING: K-LIFELONG
IT USERS IT PRODUCERS IT Career Cluster Initiative is focused in this area NSF IT Applications Across Careers is focused in this area
The IT Career Development Model Grades K-Adult Work Based Experience EMPLOYMENT IT DEGREE PROGRAMS AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS Examples: Computer/Information Systems Analyst, Computer/Information Scientist, Computer Security Specialist Software or Hardware Engineer, Programmer
IT Pathway Pipeline Model
NWCET Skill Standards for Information Technology
The Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile
Model revised 10-18-02 - Version 10 2002, EDC CAREER CONCENTRATIONS/PATHWAYS CORE KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS L I F E L O N G L E A R N I N G IT careers involve the design, development, support and management of hardware, software, multimedia, and systems integration services. In addition to career opportunities in the IT industry, IT careers are available in every sector of the economy, from Financial Services to Medical Services, Business to Engineering.
Programming & Software Development
Information Support & Services
Database Development & Administration
Enterprise Systems Analysis & Integration
Web Development & Administration
Network Design & Administration
IT Fluency: Career Exploration and IT Skills for Work IT Literacy: Career Awareness and IT Skills for Learning ACADEMIC FOUNDATION/INTENSIVE IT CAREER EXPLORATION
Most colleges have courses in IT, which someone going into this field will need. Good knowledge of mathematics, especially OOPS concept is necessary. Depending on the school, you may be considered an Engineering student instead of a physics student, but there will be a fair amount of overlap. This is one of the more practical fields of physics, so you will likely focus more on applications than theory.
IT (Information Technologies) literacy is using digital technology, communications tools, and/or networks to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, and create information in order to function in a knowledge society. The five critical components of IT literacy are:
Access - knowing about and knowing to collect and/or retrieve information
Access – knowing about and knowing how to collect and/or retrieve information
Manage – applying an existing organizational or classification scheme
Integrate – interpreting and representing information. It involves summarizing, comparing and contrasting
Evaluate – making judgments about the quality, relevance, usefulness, or efficiency of information.
Create – generating information by adapting, applying, designing, inventing, or authoring information.
IT tools used to summarize, compare and contrast information
statistical analysis tools
INPUT: Raw data, information OUTPUT: Interpreted information; conclusions, reports, presentations CONTROLS: e.g. Cost, Schedule, protocol, laws, regulations Summarize, compare, and contrast information
As an IT Engineer, entry for junior posts in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to IT – Manager posts in banking industry is through the competitive examinations conducted by Individual banks as BOI, SBI, UBI, CBI etc…
As an IT Engineer, entry for various posts in private sector are always on demand as in HCL, Wipro, TCS, InfoSys, CapGemini, Oracle, Microsoft…...
In the Defence Services, young engineers start as Second Lieutenants. For selection into the Defence Services- Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National dailies and Employment News.
Similarly vacancies in the private and public sector are advertised through leading daily newspapers of the country and the Employment News. Mostly the candidates are interviewed after thorough scrutiny of their basic inputs and the selections are made on merit. Indian Railways, Atomic Energy Commission, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Directorate General Posts and Telegraphs Departments etc are some of the prospective employers in the field.
IT Engineers can start their own business by developing individual softwares using different platforms. IT peripherals, Widgets, Gadgets and components are always in demand. One can get huge advantage and reap huge benefit out of it. They can also start a repair or assembly shop for peripherals like monitors, printers, scanners equipment etc., it gives high returns for a given initial investment. Loan facilities are offered by banks and Small Scale Industries Development Corporations for starting a business.