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  1. 1. 1. Tangshan, ChinaJuly 28, 1976242,419 killed2. Nanshan, ChinaMay 22, 1927200,000 killed3. Kansu, ChinaDec. 16, 1920180,000 killed4. Messina, ItalyDec. 28, 1908160,000 killed5. Tokyo/Yokohama, JapanSept. 1, 1923142,807 killed6. Kansu, ChinaDec. 25, 193270,000 killed7. Yungay, PeruMay 31, 197066,800 killed8. Quetta, IndiaMay 30, 193550,000-60,000 killed9. ArmeniaDec. 7, 1988over 55,000 killed10. IranJune 21, 1990over 40,000 killed 1
  2. 2. 1. The Tongass National Forest located in Southeastern Alaska - largest intact coastal temperate rainforest in the world. 2. The Hoh Rainforest - famous moss covered rainforest inside Olympic National Park, Washington. 3. Amazonia, also called the Amazon Rainforest - located within nine nations in the Amazon Basin of South America (Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana). 4. Lacandon jungle located in Chiapas, Mexico - Mexicos last remaining significant rainforest. 5. Monteverde Cloud Forest - Costa Rica 6. The Congo Rainforest - famous for its gorillas, chimpanzees, and elephants as well as its native population of forest dwellers known as pygmies. Rainforests in the Congo are disappearing faster than forests anywhere else in the world 7. Daintree Rainforest located in North Queensland Australia - The area is home to the greatest concentration of plant species that are rare, or threatened with extinction, anywhere in the world. 8. Kayan Mentarang National Park located in Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia - contains the largest unbroken stretch of protected rainforest in Borneo. 9. Sagano Bamboo Forest, Kyoto, Japan 11. Khao Sok National Park, Thailand - rainforest is 160 million years old and thought to be the oldest rainforest on Earth.The Importance of Forests• Forest cool air temperature by release of water vapor into the air.• At day time trees generate oxygen and store carbon dioxide, which helps to clean air.• Forest attracts wild life and offer food and protection to them.• Forests offer privacy, reduce light reflection, offer a sound barrier and help guide winddirection and speed.• Trees offer artistic functions such as creating a background, framing a view,complementing architecture, and so on.• Well managed forests supply higher quality water with less impurity than water from otherresources. 2
  3. 3. • Some forests raise total water stream, but this is not true for all forests• Forests help in controlling the level floods.• Forest provides different kind of wood which are used for different purposes like making offurniture, paper, and pencils and so on.• Forest help in giving the direction of wind and its speed.• Forest helps in keeping environment healthy and beautiful.• Forests also minimize noise pollution.• Forest helps the scientist to invent new medicine as forest has different kind or plants andherb. 3
  4. 4. In Pakistan the pollution problems have been rising since it got its independence. Very few people have concern about the negative effects of pollution on themselves as well as their environment. Hence this problem is increasing day by day which may lead in the destruction of our natural environment as well as our own. . Water Pollution: this is a major problem in Pakistan. There are many sources of water pollution in Pakistan. Most of them are found in Karachi as it is an area of industries. Although it is a government policy to filter the industrial water and then release it into the sea many industries here are dumping contaminated water in seas thereby increasing the threat of extinction of marine life as well as polluting the water. Almost the whole of city’s sewerage is dumped into rivers and the sea. As a result of this Karachi is facing many problems in the access of clean water and most parts of the city are still without water. Even in my home we get 2 small tankers weekly as there is no water in the supply. The oil spill incident has increased the amount of pollution in the sea as well as has caused most of the beaches to be polluted. It is said that the oil spill disaster from Tasman Spirit has killed hundreds and thousands of fishes as well as destroyed much of the marine life. It has also caused eye infections and respiratory problems to those living near the sea. Further leakages in pipelines have polluted the clean water which we have so little of. )The factory waste should be first filtered and then disposed properly into sea or river. If this is not done, then the government should take legal action against them. b)Instead of using clean water, we can use the filtered industrial water for flushing toilets, watering the plants and washing the cars. c)The government should ask the local citizens for proper beach cleaning once in a year. Besides it should also fine those people who throw their waste into the sea or river. d)There must be a regular cleaning of all the canals and channels by the government workers. e) The government should pass strict environmental laws concerning oil spill f)We must all cooperate with one another to save our marine life as much as possible.What You Can Do Oceans need our help to stay healthy. And no matter where you live, you need healthy oceans to support your daily life – air to breathe, food to eat, places to work and play. With your 4
  5. 5. support, we can change the course for our oceans and coasts and the people who depend on them. Even small changes can make a difference. Heres how you can help:Reduce your plastic consumption The most frequently collected items during beach cleanups are made of plastic — think reusable shopping bags, water bottles and utensils.Make informed seafood choices Use Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch or text Blue Ocean’s FishPhone to help you choose sustainable seafood at the grocery store or a restaurant.Dispose of chemicals properly Never pour chemicals, pharmaceuticals, oil or paint into the drain or toilets. Check with your county’s household hazardous waste program to properly dispose of or recycle chemicals and keep them out of rivers and oceans.Choose green detergents and household cleaners—or make your own Besides being better for your own health, these products are safer for the environment since what goes down the drain can end up in our oceans.Get the dirt on your beachside retreat Before you stay in a hotel on the coast, ask staff what happens to their sewage and swimming pool water, and if they source their restaurant fish from sustainable sources.Find out the source of your food Buying local, organic food reduces your carbon footprint, supports the local economy and reduces the amount of pesticides and fertilizers that end up not just in your stomach, but as run- off in rivers and oceans, too.Fill your yard with native species Reducing the amount of grass in your lawn by planting native shrubs and flower beds will provide a better habitat for birds and other wildlife and require far less water and fertilizer, which can seep into the oceans. 5