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Disabled People

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  • 1. "Definitions belong to the definer, not the defined." Toni Morrison
    DISABLE PEOPLE…
    Cursed OR BLESSED…!!!
  • 2. Definitions belong to the definer, not the defined…
    (Toni Morrison)
  • 3. What “Disability” is:
    • A disadvantage or deficiency, especially a physical or mental impairment that interferes with or prevents normal achievement in a particular area, or something that hinders or incapacitates.
    • 4. According to the definition of World Health Organization, disability is described as three distinct folds…
  • 5.
    • Impairment: Any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure of a function
    • 6. Disability: Resulting from impairment, an restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being
    • 7. Handicap: A disadvantage for a given individual, resulting from an impairment or a disability, that prevents the fulfillment of a role, considered normal, depending upon age, ethics and cultural and social factors, for an individual
  • PHYSCICAL DISABILITY
  • 8. Some Physically Famous Disable People:
    • Stephen Hawking
    • 9. Helen Keller
    • 10. Beethoven
  • Stephen William Hawking:
    • Stephen Hawking is famous scientist of applied Mathematics and theoretical Physics.
    • 11. He was born on 8th January 1942 in England.
    • 12. His research fields are black holes, theoretical cosmology and quantum gravity.
  • Illness:
    • Stephen Hawking is severely disabled by motor neuron disease, likely a variant of the disease known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (or ALS).
    • 13. He was not disabled by birth. Symptoms of the disorder first appeared while he was enrolled at Cambridge.
    • 14. He lost his balance and fell down a flight of stairs, hitting his head.
    • He took the Mensa test to verify that his intellectual abilities were intact.
    • 15. The diagnosis of motor neuron disease came when Hawking was 21. Doctors said he would not survive more than two or three years.
    • 16. Hawking gradually lost the use of his arms, legs, and voice, and is now (in 2009) almost completely paralyzed.
  • Life still Smiles…
    • He was professor of Mathematics at University of Cambridge and retired some years back.
    • 17. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, and a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Science.
    • 18. He was also awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in United States.
    • Till now he is doing his work and a researches.
    • 19. His famous books are:
    A Brief History of Time (1988 & 2005), The Universe in a nutshell, On The Shoulders of Giants, and many more.
    • He also wrote books for children as well.
  • Helen Keller:
    • Helen Adams Keller was born in June 27th 1880 in Alabama USA.
    • 20. She was an American author, political activist and lecturer.
    • 21. She was the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
  • Illness:
    • Helen Keller was not born blind and deaf.
    • 22. When she was nineteen months old, she contracted an illness described by doctors as "an acute congestion of the stomach and the brain," which could possibly have been scarlet fever.
    • The illness did not last for a particularly long time, but it left her deaf and blind.
    • 23. Anne Sullivan was her teacher and this relation last for 49 years.
    • 24. Anne Sullivan began to teach Helen to communicate; initially by spelling words into her hand, beginning with the word d-o-l-l for the doll that she had brought Keller as a present.
  • Life Achievements:
    • Keller entered the Cambridge School for Young Ladies and then gain admittance, to Radcliffe College. And then, at the age of 24, Keller became the first deaf blind person with bachelor of Arts degree.
    • 25. Keller went on to become a world-famous speaker and author. And founded many health and political organizations.
    • 26. She is remembered as an advocate for people with disabilities amid numerous other causes.
    • Keller's life has been interpreted many times, in the form of movie, documentary etc.
    • 27. She received many honor awards also.
    • 28. The Helen Keller Hospital in Sheffield, Alabama is dedicated to her.
    Helen Keller as depicted on the Alabama state quarter
  • 29. Writings:
    • “The Frost King”, in the age of eleven, was one of her earliest pieces of writings.
    • 30. Keller published her autobiography, “The Story of My Life” in the age of 22.
    • 31. “The World I Live In” gave readers an insight into how she felt about the world.
    • 32. “Out of the Dark”, a series of her essays.
    • 33. Keller wrote a total of 12 published books and several articles.
  • Beethoven:
    • Ludwig van Beethoven was born on 17th December 1770.
    • 34. He was a German Composer and pianist of 18th century.
    • 35. He was a crucial figure of Western classical music and remains one of the most influential composers of all time.
  • Illness:
    • Around 1796, Beethoven began to lose his hearing.
    • 36. He suffered a severe form of tinnitus, a "ringing" in his ears that made it hard for him to perceive and appreciate music.
    • 37. The cause of Beethoven's deafness is unknown.
    • 38. The explanation, from the autopsy of the time, is that he had a "distended inner ear“.
    • The reason of “distended inner ear” is may be the high levels of lead found in samples of Beethoven's hair.
    • 39. this hypothesis has been extensively analyzed.
    • 40. While the likelihood of lead poisoning is very high, the deafness associated with it seldom takes the form that Beethoven exhibited.
  • Life Span:
    • He took his primary music education from his father then from music teachers and started his career as an assistance organist.
    • 41. He gradually explored his directions and went on working on music composition.
    • 42. His early achievements are the first and second symphonies and the set of six string quartets Opus 18.
    • Then there was era of his disability. But Beethoven's hearing loss did not prevent his composing music, but it made playing at concerts.
    • 43. He used a special rod attached to the soundboard on a piano that he could bite—the vibrations would then transfer from the piano to his jaw to increase his perception of the sound.
    • 44. At end of his years he left the thing.
  • Conclusion:
    • To be cursed or blessed shows only the way you think… positive or negative…
    • 45. There is no concept of disappointment in Islam.
    • 46. Almighty always does just.
    • 47. On seeing a disabled person what do you conclude… depends on state of mind and in this way… believes…
  • THANK YOU…!!!
    AND WHAT ABOUT QUESTIONS…???

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