Sahana Opens Source Ecosystem for supplying Disaster Management IT Systems


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The Sahana community essentially form a community of practice; namely, the group of individuals sharing a common interest in investing their resources towards developing information systems for disaster mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery phases. The power of the community of practice approach is one of the main reasons for the Philippines community was able to get Sahana community’s assistance to fulfil their humanitarian operations information sharing and publishing needs. Sahana members could be identified as “technology stewards.” (Terminology adopted from communities of practice theory.

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Sahana Opens Source Ecosystem for supplying Disaster Management IT Systems

  1. 1. Sahana Opens Source Ecosystem for supplying Disaster Management IT Systems ITU Asia-Pacific Centre of Excellences Training on ICT Applications on Mitigating Natural Disaster 2013 November 29 Crowne Plaza, Hanoi, Vietnam Nuwan Waidyanatha Director - Sahana Software Foundation nuwan[AT]sahanafoundation[DOT]org Mobile: +8613888446352 (cn) +94773710394 (lk)
  2. 2. Outline ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ History of Sahana The Sahana Software Foundation What is the Sahana Software Who is using the Software Why is important Conclusion Resources 2
  3. 3. If you were to manage it manually ❑ Channels N(N-1)/2 = O(N2) ❑ Information Lost in relay and propagation ❑ Redundant Data Collection ❑ Inconsistent Terminology ❑ Manual Collation / Calculation ❑ Delayed Situational-Awareness N=5 N=8 N=16
  4. 4. Can IT help? ❑ Scalable management of information  No stacks of forms and files to manage ❑ Efficient distribution of information  Accessibility of information on demand ❑ Automatic collation and calculation  No delay for assessments and calculations ❑ Live Situation Awareness  Reports are updated live as data goes in IT Improves Manageability = TotalTime / ∑  Weight i∗Timei∗Stepsi 
  5. 5. How Sahana got started Immediate Immediate Requirement Requirement Sri Lankan Sri Lankan IT Community IT Community Lanka Software Foundation Lanka Linux User Group IT Industry Academia 5 Sahana Sahana Software Software
  6. 6. Deployments aiding major catestrophies Floods, Venezuela Sichuan Earthquake, China Landslide, Philippines Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar Kashmir Earthquake, Pakistan Floods, Pakistan Ica Earthquake, Peru Yogjakarta Earthquake, Indonesia Tsunami, Sri Lanka 2005 Hurricane in Veracruz, Mexico Earthquake, Chile Bihar Floods, India Cyclone Sidr, Bangladesh 2006 2007 Earthquake, Haiti Floods, Sri Lanka 2008 2009 6 Tornado in Joplin, Missouri Typhoon Yolanda/ Haiyan Philippines Earthquake & Tsunami in Japan Christchurch Earthquake, New Zealand Floods in Colombia 2011 2010 Hurricane Sandy, USA Wildfire, Chile 2013 2012
  7. 7. Avid users Red Cross UN World Food Programme Asia Disaster Preparedness Center Philippines Government: DSWD Nepal Government: DHM Timor-Leste Government: NDMD City of Los Angeles India, Japan, Taiwan, Portugal 7
  8. 8. A quick overview TOOLKIT – Essentially a set of software building blocks HFOSS – Humanitarian Free and Open Source Software platform built specifically for Disaster Management MODULAR - Highly Configurable so that it can be used in a wide variety of different contexts ADAPTABLE - Easy to modify to build Custom Solutions to adapt to changing environments 8
  9. 9. Deployment Options Host locally in the command center on a Laptop Host in the Cloud Synchronize these 2 together...
  10. 10. Currently in the Phillipines     Help the International Open Source Network (IOSN) with using Sahana for the National Telehealth Center Managing requests and donations for organizations and sites collect, share and map information about the status of their clinics and other facilities affected Nurses in the Department of Health call center are now using Sahana to help plan their relief efforts  In 2012 a the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), in the Philippines, implemented a Relief Goods Inventory & Monitoring System (RGIMS) using Sahana  DSWD wanted to use the RGIMS to receive relief goods on behalf of external organizations - members of the Sahana Community implement a solution, in less that 24 hours, and the next day this was deployed to DSWD’s Servers! Just in – President's Office Requested additions
  11. 11. Sahana request and response
  12. 12. IFRC Resource Management System “The RMS isn’t just a piece of software. For the first time in the history of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, RMS enables National Societies to view and analyze hazards and vulnerabilities together with their material and human resources like volunteers, staff, offices and warehouses on a digital up to date map to examine how well its people and resources are positioned.” - John Gwynn, Head of Organisational Development IFRC Asia Pacific zone
  13. 13. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Maps and more … Much faster to understand data
  14. 14. Powerful analyses and data sharing tools Quick and easy selection of attributes to create Pivot tables Filter data with drill down options Visualize the data with Charts Import/Export to XML, PDF, XL, or JSON files Create a RSS/Atom data feed with
  15. 15. Community Resilience Mapping Tool  CRMT provides coalition members with the opportunity to create maps of their neighborhoods that can be overlaid  Help make communities better prepared with good information about their situation  System brings together 2010 Census Data, 2011 American Community Survey data, USGS and California Geological Survey Hazards data, FEMA flood zone data, 70,000 points of interest within LA County: schools, churches, health facilities, government offices, municipal services, social services agencies, arts and recreation facilities     
  16. 16. Disaster Risk Reduction Portal An initiative of the UNISDR Asia Partnership on Disaster Reduction (IAP) Funding support from the Asian Development Bank (ADP) Executed by the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC)  Features  Project list – a searchable list including links to lead organizations and donors of the projects; projects can be entered by any user  Customizable graphs and matrix reports – helping to visualize trends; graphs can be downloaded as images  Interactive map showing DRR projects by country – risk layers such as tsunami risk can be shown on the map  List of downloadable DRR frameworks, strategies and roadmaps  ‘My Page’ where logged in users can save searches, graphs and maps, and subscribe to email updates
  17. 17. Climate Data Portal Consolidate and standardize old data Build an asset of climate data Apply climate models (built using 'R') Share data with other analysts Project advocated and managed by ADPC
  18. 18. Sahana Software Foundation: Community of Practice Sahana Software Foundation (501c3) Google  Google Summer of Code  Google Code-In Documentation:  Wiki  Book Mailing List IRC Free & Open Source Software Community Emergency Management Community Sahana Community Humanitarian Community (NGOs / Gov) Commercial Companies 18 Academic & Research Community SahanaCamps – technical training sessions for anyone wanting learn how to use and develop with Sahana Implementation training – specialized focused training for organizations adopting Sahana for specific disaster management activities
  19. 19. Sahana @ IOTX Lanka “10 Year of Tsunami Recovery: the Role of ICT in Disaster Risk Reduction” 18, 20 – 21 June 2014 19
  20. 20. Thank You Nuwan Waidyanatha Nuwan [AT] sahanafoundation [DOT] org