Tpr present


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Tpr present

  1. 1. Total Physical Response
  2. 2. Presented By :• Doni Wahyu WIjayanto (11620081)• Restu Ridofi (11620048)• Wahyu Fitroni Ardiyansyah (12620174)• Edi Subekti(11620005) Total Physical Response
  3. 3.  Total Physical Response is a language learning method based on the coordination of speech and action. It was developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University, California. In TPR, instructors give commands to students in the target language, and students respond with whole-body actions. TPR is often criticized as being only suitable for beginning students or young learner Total Physical Response
  4. 4. James Asher developed the total physicalresponse method as a result of his observation ofthe language development of young children.Asher saw that most of the interactions thatyoung children experience with parents or otheradults combine both verbal and physical aspects.The child responds physically to the speech ofthe parent, and the parent reinforces the child’sresponses through further speech. Total Physical Response
  5. 5. Asher does not directly adress his view of language, but Richards and Rodgers state that the labeling and ordering of classroom activities seem to be build on The structural view of language. Total Physical Response
  6. 6.  Second language learning is parallel to first language learning and should reflect the same naturalistic processes Listening should develop before speaking Children respond physically to spoken language, and adult learners learn better if they do that too Once listening comprehension has been developed, speech devlops naturally and effortlessly out of it. Adults should use right-brain motor activities, while the left hemisphere watches and learns Delaying speech reduces stress Total Physical Response
  7. 7. Here are some of the objectives of TPR : Teaching oral proficiency at a beginning level Using comprehension as a means to speaking Using action-based drills in the imperative formTPR uses a sentence-based grammatical syllabus. Total Physical Response
  8. 8.  Learners in Total Physical Response have the primary roles of listener and performer. They listen attentively and respond physically to commands given by the teacher. Learners are required to respond both individually and collectively. Learners have little influence over the content of learning, since content is determined by the teacher, who must follow the imperative-based format for lessons. Total Physical Response
  9. 9. The teacher plays an active and direct role in TPR. It is the teacher who decides what to teach, who models and presents the new materials and who selects supporting materials for classroom use. The teacher is encouraged to be well prepared and well organized so that the lesson flows smoothly and predictably. Total Physical Response
  10. 10. • There is generally no basic text in a Total Physical Response course• For absolute beginners, lessons may not require the use of materials, since the teachers voice, actions, and gestures may be a sufficient basis for classroom activities Total Physical Response
  11. 11.  The majority of class time in TPR lessons is spent doing drills in which the instructor gives commands using the imperative tense. Instructors limit the number of new vocabulary items given to students at any one time. While drills using the imperative are the mainstay of total physical response classes, teachers can use other activities as well. There is little error correction in TPR. Asher advises teachers to treat learners’ mistakes the same way a parent would treat their children’s. According to Asher, “It is wise to write out the exact utterances you will be using because the action is so fast- moving there is usually not time for you to create spontaneously.” Total Physical Response
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES • Students who are not used to such things might find it• ESL activities with TPR are embarrassing.tremendous fun for students, This can be the case initiallyeven for grown ups once they but I have found that if thebecome less self-conscious. teacher is prepared to perform the actions.• Simple TPR activities do not • It is only really suitable forrequire a great deal of beginner levels. It is clear thatpreparation on the part of the it is far more useful at lowerteacher. TPR is aptitude-free, levels because theworking well with a mixed target language lends it self toability class, and with students such activities.having various disabilities. Total Physical Response
  13. 13. Total Physical Response