Urban manegement final


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  • نتيجة (رفاهية مدينةِ لكُلّ)
  • ناتج (مدينة صالحة للعيش)مُدن سهلة الوصول والرخيصة (خدمات)
  • لعمليات المستمرة، تخطيط، تطبيق، تقييم، تعليقات، الخ.الإشتراك وشفافية وعدالة ومسؤولية
  • مساهمة (مؤسسات)الدعم والإلتزام السياسي
  • قوات (عولمة):التغييرات السريعة العالمية بلا حدود، حيرة عالية، الخ
  • فعّال=, viable
  • Urban manegement final

    1. 1. By: Waheeda Mustafa Omer M.Sc. Student Kurdistan Region Government – Iraq Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research University of Duhok, Faculty of Engineering and Applied science /School of Planning
    2. 2. Background  Land degradation is a central challenge to sustainable urban development.  At the global scale, key problems threatening natural resources and the sustainability of life support systems are: 1. soil degradation, about one third of the world‟s agricultural land has been damaged, mostly by soil loss caused by water erosion 2. water problems of quality and quantity, as well as spatial and temporal interdependence (highland-lowland effects). 3. natural vegetation: problems of quality, quantity and biodiversity 4. wildlife: problems of protected areas, wildlife corridors, controlled hunting and poaching. (Dumanski, J (ed). 1994). Eng.Waheeda
    3. 3. Sustainable Urban management , (SUM) SUM it is defined as a knowledge-based procedure that helps integrate land, water , biodiversity, and environmental management , to meet rising food and fiber demands while sustaining ecosystem services and livelihoods using land management technology, regional planning and policy framework.( Hurni, H. 1997) There are Five Element of Urban management:- 1. Outcome 2. Output 3. Process 4. Input 5. Internal & External Forces Eng.Waheeda
    4. 4. 1- Outcome (city welfare for all) The Overall , overall urban society  sustainable economically The Group, each individual group of the urban society  sustainable socially-politically The Past , historical/cultural background of the urban society  sustainable culturally ( Cultural preservation) The Future , future generation of the urban society  sustainable environmentally Eng.Waheeda
    5. 5. 2- Output ( livable city) Efficient, productive, and competitive cities  livable / sustainable economically Accessible and affordable cities (services)  livable / sustainable socially-politically Attractive and culturally rich cities  livable / sustainable culturally Healthy & resource efficient cities  livable / sustainable environmentally Eng.Waheeda
    6. 6. 3-Process (good governance) Continuous processes, planning, implementation, evaluation, feedback, etc. technical process , multi disciplinary actors political decision making process, multi stakeholders (public- private-community-mass media) Participation, transparency , equity and accountability, etc. Eng.Waheeda
    7. 7. 4- Input ( institutions) Political support & commitment  public-private-community participation Supporting resources  law & regulation  organization  human resources  finance Leadership  to do the right thing Eng.Waheeda
    8. 8. 5- Forces (globalization) External ( global forces) borderless world, rapid changes, high uncertainty, etc. Internal ( local pressures) local needs, local culture, etc. Eng.Waheeda
    9. 9. Eng.Waheeda
    10. 10. 1- System How to manage land & urban form??????? sustainable economically, socially, politically, culturally, and environmentally:  competitive urban output  compact, mixed land use, mixed groups  heritage preservation  greenery ( urban agriculture)  multi centered city……………..etc.Eng.Waheeda
    11. 11. 2-Network System How to manage urban infrastructure & services ???? sustainable economically, socially, culturally, and environmentally  public transport, transportation demand management, etc  water supply, etc.  Solid waste management ….etc.  waste water management,………… etc. Eng.Waheeda
    12. 12. 3- Institutional System How to manage the institutional system???? sustainable economically, socially, culturally, and environmentally  legal  organization  human resources  finance Eng.Waheeda
    13. 13. 4- Spatial System How to manage the spatial system -- the city and its hinterland ??? sustainable economically, socially, culturally, environmentally  integrated plan – management- development with its neighboring regions ; on land use, infrastructure & services, and institution.  local-regional-national-global scale. Eng.Waheeda
    14. 14. Social econo my enviro ment Eng.Waheeda
    15. 15. How to manage………….?  land & urban form  urban infrastructure & services  urban institutions  urban space Livable city for all , to work, live, and play…….?  sustainable economically  sustainable socially-politically  sustainable culturally  sustainable environmentally Eng.Waheeda
    16. 16. Multi-level Stakeholder Approach to Sustainable Urban Management Defined as , feasible acceptable, viable and ecologically sound solutions at local scales management. Consist of five major pillars of sustainability, 1. ecologically protective, 2. socially acceptable 3. economically productive 4. economically viable, and 5. reduce risk.  It is address the issue related to : for whom will SUM be realized? for what? by what means? and with what impact? Eng.Waheeda
    17. 17. Intervention levels and activities in a multi- level stakeholder approach to SLM Eng.Waheeda
    18. 18. Urbanization It is defined as an increase in a population in cities and towns versus rural area . It began during the industrial revolution when worker moved towards manufacturing hubs in cities in cities to obtain job in factories as agriculture become less common Patterns of Urban Growth 1. Increasing proportion of population 2. Great increase in large cities (>1,000,000) 3. Increasing rapidly in developing counties 4. Urban growth slower in developed countries 5. Poverty in urban areas increasing Eng.Waheeda
    19. 19. Eng.Waheeda
    20. 20. Urban Area : Inputs and Outputs Eng.Waheeda
    21. 21. Eng.Waheeda
    22. 22. Study Area Location Eng.Waheeda
    23. 23. Duhok Governorate is a highly urbanized area with approximately 70% of its population living in cities. Duhok City is under great development pressure, it has registered a population growth from (6.4%) to (6.8%) per year over the past four years The City faces more challenges and higher demands of environmental, social, and economical resources Problem Definition Eng.Waheeda
    24. 24. Study Questions & Objectives Study Questions Are there a popper SUM in Duhok city? What are the factors effecting on SUM in Duhok city? Study Objectives : To evaluate the effect of urban management on Duhok city master plan. To formulate policy and recommendations to support decision maker and urban planner for getting SUM in Duhok City. Eng.Waheeda
    25. 25. Study hypothesis There is a significant effect of Sustainable Urban Management on the Duhok master plan. Eng.Waheeda
    26. 26. Eng.Waheeda
    27. 27. Population Density Year Area of urban land use in Hectares No. of population Population density (per/Hec.) 1947 10.34 5621 534.6 1957 25.79 7680 297.8 1977 224.33 40191 179.1 1987 633.18 114322 180.5 1998 809.42 212469 262.5 2007 2794.6 250508 89.6 Population Density during (1947-2007). Source: Hirory, 2008 Eng.Waheeda
    28. 28. Eng.Waheeda
    29. 29. +years -years -years % of Age Groups in Duhok City Eng.Waheeda
    30. 30. Period percentage of annually population growth rate 1947-1957 3.17 1957-1977 8.6 1977-1987 11.02 1987-1998 7.8 1998-2007 1.8 1947-2007 6.5 Eng.Waheeda
    31. 31. Eng.Waheeda
    32. 32. The case study (Duhok City) Cont. Eng.Waheeda
    33. 33. % of Development Area Per Urban Sectors Eng.Waheeda
    34. 34. Population Density in Duhok City Eng.Waheeda
    35. 35. Household Size in Neighborhood of Duhok City Eng.Waheeda
    36. 36. Master Plan of Duhok City to 2032 Vision: “Livable and Equitable City with Distinct Identity” Mission: To enhance the quality of life of Duhok citizens through the conservation and protection of the natural, cultural resources, introduction of recreational opportunities and improvement of the infrastructure quality towards sustainable land use allocation Eng.Waheeda
    37. 37. Goals The master plan identifies seven goals for the City:  High – quality diversified and complete living environments.  Structuring, efficient transportation networks fully integrated.  A prestigious, convivial and inhabited centre.  Dynamic, accessible and diversified employment areas.  High quality architecture and urban landscapes.  An enhanced built, archaeological and natural heritage.  A healthy environment. Eng.Waheeda
    38. 38. Duhok urban area expansion for 2032. First stage Second stage Eng.Waheeda
    39. 39. Supply  Urban area within Duhok Master Plan divided in to two type stage First stage :up to 2017 Second stage: expansion after 2035  Total Population in Duhok city 325,000 in 2011  Duhok city Master plan able to provide land approximately for 1,3000,000 population ( Duhok Master Plan report). Based on growth equation: Pf=Pn(1+R)^2……………………> r will be 5% up to 2035Eng.Waheeda
    40. 40. Demand Based on the statistical data from general directorate of municipality and directorate of urban planning, There ware: 5000plots needed for compensation the landowner of Duhok Airport 2000plots needed for( )the landowner of Sumel and Mrena village 1000 plots need to distribute for employment Eng.Waheeda
    41. 41. Eng.Waheeda
    42. 42. Duhok urban area expansion for 2032. Not distributed land privet owned Consumed land Remaining land Eng.Waheeda
    43. 43. Buildup land Eng.Waheeda
    44. 44. Eng.Waheeda
    45. 45. Recommendations Control the speed and magnitude of growth. Policy and legislative reform. Participation of local people. Academic and research institutions. Information and data collection systems. Land use classification and inventory Eng.Waheeda
    46. 46. Refrences • Dumanski, J (ed). 1994. Workshop Summary. Proc of the international workshop on sustainable land management for the 21st century (Vol 1). Agric Inst of Canada, Ottawa. • Hurni, H.(1996). Precious Earth. From Soil and Water Conservation to • Sustainable Land Management. Internatl Soil Conserv Org (ISCO), • and Centre for Dev and Environ (CDE), Bern. • Hurni, H.(1996). Concepts of sustainable land management. ITC journal,(Vol 3) P 2010-2015 • Tyler. G. (n.d), Living in the Environment MATES, Sustainable Cities: Urban Land Use and Management, Chapter 25 . • Kusbiantoro ,BS. 2001 “Urban Management to Reach Sustainability”. Urban and Regional Development Institute and Bandung Institute of Technology Indonesia PECC XIV, Hong Kong, 28-30 November 2001 • Claudio .A. (2003) “The Meaning and Scope of Urban Management: an introductory note”, in Azza Sirry (2003), „Urban Management Practices in Secondary Cities in Egypt: the case of Belbeis‟, Elias Modern Publishing House, Cairo, Egypt. Eng.Waheeda
    47. 47. Eng.Waheeda