BRICKS AND BRICKS WORK
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BRICKS AND BRICKS WORK

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BRICKS AND BRICKS WORK BRICKS AND BRICKS WORK Presentation Transcript

  • Brick Masonry History, types, manufacturing and properties. KUNDAN WAGH Roll No. - 201271
  • History of Bricks: Bricks are one of the oldest types of building blocks. They are an ideal building material because they are relatively cheap to make. A brick is a block of ceramic material used in masonry construction. The first sun-dried bricks were made in Mesopotamia (what is now Iraq).
  • Advantages of bricks : •Brick will not burn or melt. •Brick will not rot. •Brick will not rust & corrod. •It will not be damaged by high winds or rain. •Brick will not require constant maintenance.
  • General Characteristics of Bricks Brick is made of clay. There are three ways to form the shape and size of a brick: 1)extruded (stiff mud), 2)molded (soft mud) 3)dry- pressed.  The majority of brick are made by the extrusion method. Brick achieves its color through the minerals in the fired clay.
  • Bricks Manufacture - 4 stages Material preparation Manufacturing drying Firing 1)Preparation: material (clay) washed and grinding (fineness) 8 Sample of grinding machine for clay Sample of crushing machine
  • Brick 2)Manufacturing : Clay will grinded with 15% of water. The clay will be pushed through the mould base on the shape. After that, Clay will cut to get a standard size of brick using wire. Sometimes, bricks will produced using big mould that clay will be press that using hydraulic machine. 9
  • 3)Drying : Wet unit bricks will be drying in space or room with control temperature to make sure the bricks in complete dry. 10 Brick was compile before bring to the kiln
  • 4)Firing : Dry bricks, was compile in kiln to firing process with 600o C. This is for burn the carbon and sulfur that have remain. After that, temperature will increase to 900o C to get a vetrification process. Normally, vitrification process occurred around 800o C. Bricks become hard/strong after vitrification process. 11
  • Bricks Bricks manufacturing process flow
  • MATERIAL PREPARATION
  • Manufacturing
  • Manufacturing
  • Setting
  • Firing Process
  • Packaging
  • PROPOERTIES OF BRICKS The most important properties of brick are 1) durability 2) color 3) texture 4) size variation 5) compressive strength 6) absorption.
  • Brick Work Brick shape in brick work To produce the variety of arrangmenet or special purpose in brick work 20
  • Brick Work Brick shape in brick work 21 Angle Brick
  • Brick Work Brick shape in brick work 22
  • Brick Work Brick arrangement in brick work 23
  • Brick work Brick arrangement in brick work 24
  • Brick Work Brick arrangement in brick work 25
  • Brick Work Brick arrangement in brick work 26
  • Brick work Brick arrangement in brickwork Some of the popular brick arrangement is: Brick edge Arrangement Brick head Arrangement American Arrangement English Arrangement Flemish Arrangement 27 American Arrangment
  • 28 Decorative of brick work Walk way
  • 29 Photo advantages of brick
  • The End 30