PARTS OF SPEECH
Nouns - Verbs
Pronouns - Adjectives -Adverbs
Prepositions - Conjunctions
Articles - Interjections
Parts of Speech
“Words, which are the building blocks of
language. . .” (Warriner’s p. 35*) are
explained in this Power Point Presentation.
Examples are given to explain the use of
*Warriner, John E., Graham, Sheila Laws, Warriner’s English Grammar and Composition, 1st
course, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich ,NY, 1977
Nouns name persons, places, things or
1. Explain nutrition issues
2. Dietitians and nutritionists do similar
Verbs are a part of speech that:
1. Show action (example: to run).
2. State something (example: to be).
3. Show condition (example: It seems.).
4. Most verbs change their form to show time (ex: run/ran).
5. Others change to show number. (Ex.: One woman was
there. More were not).
take the place of nouns. They are
Referring to persons or nouns:
I, my, mine, me, myself
You, your, yours, yourself, yourselves
He, his, him, himself
She, hers, her, herself
It, its itself
We, our, ours, us, ourselves
They, their, theirs, them, themselves
Who, whose, whom, whoever, whomever
Everybody, anybody, somebody
Everyone, anyone, someone
None, no one, no body
Referring to nouns:
This, one, each, some, any, all
That, either, neither, many, more, much,
These, other, another, what, which
Those, both, several, few, whatever,
modify nouns or pronouns
Adjectives (adj.) modify, make clear or limit the meaning of other
Descriptive adj. usually answer the question “What kind?’
Limiting adj. usually answer the question “How many?”
Use a comma to separate a series or groups of adj.
The big, black, old horse trotted down the trail.
Adverbs tell How?, When?, Where?, How
Words ending in ‘-ly’ are usually adverbs.
The fox ran quickly into the woods.
Clinical dietitians may further specialize.
A preposition begins phrases that show
relationships between nouns, pronouns and
Commonly used prepositions: see next page
Commonly used prepositions
Along but (except)
Conjunctions connect words, phrases or
Some conjunctions are and, but, either, or,
Example: They’re planning and building a
There are definite and indefinite articles.
Definite articles are ‘a, an.’
The indefinite article is ‘the.’
These are words that connect, change and
See the next slides for some transition words.
And, again, and then, besides, equally
important, finally, further, furthermore, nor,
too, next, lastly, what’s more, moreover, in
addition, first (second, etc.)
Whereas, but, yet, on the other hand,
however, nevertheless, on the contrary, by
comparison, compared to, up against,
balanced against, vis-à-vis, although,
conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast,
although this may be true
Because, for, since, for the same reason,
obviously, evidently, furthermore, moreover,
besides, indeed, in fact, in addition, in any
case, that is
To show exception:
Yet, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of,
despite, of course, once in a while,
To show time:
Immediately, thereafter, soon, after a few
hours, finally, then, later, previously,
formerly, first (second, etc.), next, and then
In brief, as I have said, as I have noted, as
has been noted
Definitely, extremely, obviously, in fact,
indeed, in any case, absolutely, positive,
naturally, surprisingly, always, forever,
perennially, eternally, never, emphatically,
unquestionably, without a doubt, certainly,
undeniably, with reservation
To show sequence:
First, second, third, and so forth, A, B, C,
next, then, following this, at this time, now,
at this point, after, afterward, subsequently,
finally, consequently, previously, before this,
simultaneously, concurrently, thus, therefore,
hence, next and then, soon
Parts of Speech
Each ‘Part of Speech’ is important to all
parts of English—our speaking, listening,
reading and writing!
Dietitians and nutritionists are experts in
food and nutrition. They advise people on
what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle
or achieve a specific health-related goal.