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Presentation waapp as a model hrm Presentation Transcript

  • 1. A model for sustainableA model for sustainable investment ininvestment in agricultural researchagricultural research for developmentfor development The Case of the West Africa AgriculturalThe Case of the West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP)Productivity Program (WAAPP) Harold Roy-Macauley 16 July, 2013 – Accra, Ghana
  • 2. Presentation Plan • Potential of agriculture in development • Investment in agricultural research for development • WAAPP as a model for sustained investment in agricultural research for development • Conclusion
  • 3. Potential of agriculture in development Agriculture is the engine for economic growth and development in Africa • Employs 70% of the population • Accounts for 32% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) • Agriculture Market Value Chain (AMVC) presents huge potentials for delivering development outputs, outcomes, and impacts
  • 4. Potential of agriculture in development Suppliers Agricultural research for development Finance Producers Retailers/wholesalers Consumers Manufactures/Processors THE AMVC I N P U T S I N V E S T M E N T S Food jobs knowledge and skills Reduced poverty Added value to costumers resilienceresilience diversified economy diversified economy Public – Private Sector Partnerships
  • 5. Potential of agriculture in development Unlock the potential of agriculture & fulfill vision of African Heads of States - 6% annual agricultural growth rate by 2015 • Costly process of structural reforms and policy changes • Countries are on the recovery path • Long term challenge facing agriculture : bridging the growth & productivity gap to accelerate poverty reduction
  • 6. Actual Poverty Rate in 1990 EVEN IF ALL AFRICAN COUNTRIES MEET THE MDG POVERTY TARGET, POVERTY LEVELS WILL STILL BE RELATIVELY HIGH AT AVERAGE RATE OF 30% SUSTAINING AN AGRICULTURAL GROWTH RATE OF 6% WILL NOT BE ENOUGH FOR MANY COUNTRIES TO ACHIEVE THAT OUTCOME MANY AFRICAN COUNTRIES WILL BE UNDER GROWING PRESSURE TO MEET THE SHORT TERM SOCIAL NEEDS OF LARGE POOLS OF POOR PEOPLE Potential of agriculture in development
  • 7. Potential of agriculture in development • Governments and development partners are recognizing the importance of investing in agriculture • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows to developing countries doubled in 2006–08, but the share going to the agrifood sector is small – less than 5 percent of total • Long term challenge facing agriculture would be bridging the expenditure gap to accelerate growth
  • 8. LONG TERM CHALLENGE FACING AGRICULTURE #2: BRIDGING THE EXPENDITURE GAP TO ACCELERATE GROWTH Actual Poverty Rate in 1990 Source: Dollar a Day Poverty Rates from World Bank, PovCal Net, 2008 [poverty line $1.25]; Projected CAADP Poverty Rates from various IFPRI country CAADP Growth Simulation Studies THE FUNDING REQUIREMENTS TO ACHIEVE A 6% GROWTH IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR WOULD IMPLY DOUBLE DIGIT BUDGET GROWTH RATES AFRICAN COUNTRIES WILL THEREFORE FIND THEMSELVES IN SEVERE BUDGETARY TRADE OFFS: 1.HAVING TO FINANCE THE GROWING SHORT TERM SOCIAL NEEDS OF LARGE POOLS OF POOR PEOPLE 2.WHILE INVESTING MORE IN LONG TERM GROWTH
  • 9. Investment in Agricultural R & D Increase Financial Resources Boost AMVC Economic growth Agricultural transformation Institutional resources Human resources Human resources
  • 10. Investment in Agricultural R & D Brazil 4% High Income Countries 51% Source : ASTI 2012; Eurostat 2012; OECD 2012 & country level secondary resources
  • 11. Investment in agricultural R & D Africa South of the Sahara 5% Salary Increases Rehabilitation of infrastructure Equipment Source : Bientema and Stads, 2011 VERY LITTLE GOES ACTUALLY TO RESEARCH
  • 12. Investment in agricultural R & D Growth in agricultural spending In Africa South of the Sahara Between 2000 & 2008 1/3 driven by Ghana, Tanzania, and Uganda ½ driven by Nigeria Source : Bientema and Stads, 2011
  • 13. Investment in agricultural R & D Generally low investment and capacity in R & D in Africa South of the Sahara Impact of agricultural R&D on rural development and poverty reduction is questionable Source : Bientema and Stads, 2011
  • 14. Investment in agricultural R & D Erratic fluctuation in spending levels from one year to another (volatility) higher in Africa South of the Sahara than in other developing regions Short term project- oriented nature of donor and development bank funding Source : Stads, 2011 Main driver of volatility
  • 15. Investment in agricultural R & D Absence of sustained level of government funding Source : Stads, 2011 Reduction of research projects and lay-off of staff Crises of ag. R & D agencies occur at the completion of large donor funded projects Elimination of hard won progress
  • 16. Investment in agricultural R & D Promoting sustainable investments by governments in agricultural research over time and attracting requisite funding to accelerate economic growth require the establishment of a robust model that identifies priority areas for investment that have potential impact in the agricultural sector and the economy of the region as a whole
  • 17. WAAPP as a Model WAAPP •A large scale project with strong regional integration connotation in West Africa & strong potential for driving transformational change •Government funded with WB facilitation •Implemented at country level under coordination of CORAF/WECARD with strong control mechanisms •Addresses perceived challenges to agricultural productivity under reduced transactional costs • Attracts private sector investments and international donors
  • 18. WAAPP as a Model Presented as a Conceptual Model to start off •Enhance understanding of the process of increasing and sustaining investment in agricultural R & D •knowledge used by stakeholders used to boost sustained investment in agricultural research for development.
  • 19. WAAPP as a Model Large scale-project Government funding Regional Coordination Unit National Coordination Unit Political environment for facilitating dissemination & adoption of technologies Agricultural research Capacity strengthening (Training and Infrastructure) Funds for dissemination and adoption of technologies & innovations Administrative, Fiduciary, Communication & M&E systems for facilitating program delivery result delivery Agricultural Market Value ChainAgricultural Market Value Chain Nat. Steering Comm.Nat. Steering Comm. Reg.Steering Comm.Reg.Steering Comm.Sub Reg. OrganisationsSub Reg. Organisations Min. of AgricultureMin. of Agriculture
  • 20. WAAPP Financing Funding Levels of WAAPP (US$ million) Series Countries IDA GFRP Japan PHRD Total WAAPP-1A Ghana 15 - - 15 Mali 15 - - 15 Senegal 15 - - 15 WAAPP-1B Burkina Faso 15 6 - 21 Côte d’Ivoire 30 6 8 44 Nigeria 45 6 - 51 WAAPP-1C Benin 16.8 - - 16.8 The Gambia 7 5 - 12 Guinea - - 9 9 Liberia 6 - 8 14 Niger 30 - - 30 Sierra Leone 12 - 10 22 Togo 12 - - 12 WAAPP2A Ghana 60 - - 60 Mali 60 - - 60 Senegal 60 - - 60 Total 398.8 23 35 456.8
  • 21. WAAPP as model Some deliverables •So far the Project has reached 575 000 beneficiaries •65 yield enhancing technologies developed /improved and made available to participating countries •230 000 ha covered with improved technologies •Regional cooperation in terms of knowledge and technological exchange continues to improve: promotion of technological marketplace allows buying and selling of technologies relevant to value chain systems •Countries are implementing technology dissemination and adoption plans: greater use of e-extension, innovation platforms, increased use of quality seeds
  • 22. Conclusions & Recommendations • A Conceptual Model for sustainable investment in agricultural R & D • Encourage extensive testing in all sub- regions of Africa • Encourage further analysis and scaling up to an economic model to give it more value
  • 23. Merci pour votre attention Secrétariat exécutifSecrétariat exécutif Tél (221) 33 869 96 18Tél (221) 33 869 96 18 Fax (221) 33 869 96 31Fax (221) 33 869 96 31 E-mail:E-mail: secoraf@coraf.orgsecoraf@coraf.org Web:Web: www.coraf.orgwww.coraf.org