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ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIALENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL
SCREENING UNDER WAAPP – ANSCREENING UNDER WAAPP – AN
A presentation at a Meeting between WAAPP-PCOA presentation at a Meeting between WAAPP-PCO
and Coordinators of Adopted Villages of NARIs &and Coordinators of Adopted Villages of NARIs &
FCAs, Nugget Hotel, Abuja 14FCAs, Nugget Hotel, Abuja 14thth
August 2013August 2013
WAAPP – Environment Focal Point
Screening & categorisation
Project proposal screening form
ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL
WHAT IS SCREENING?
It is a process of evaluating various project
components/ activities against environmental
Help determine the need or otherwise for an EA
for a project proposal and;
establish the level of review applicable to a given
PURPOSE OF SCREENING
Screening is to achieve the following purposes:
Determine whether or not a proposal requires an EA
Determine what level of EA is required.
It is intended to ensure that the form or level of any
EIA review is commensurate with the importance of the
issues raised by a proposal.
Screening establishes the basis for scoping.
Screening Activity Involves The Following:
Initial Environmental Examination “ carried out in cases where the
environmental impacts of a proposal are uncertain or unknown (e.g.
new technologies or undeveloped areas);
Environmental overview “ carried out as a rapid assessment of the
environmental issues and impacts of a proposal; and
Class screening “carried out for a fam ily o f sm all pro je cts o r
re pe titive activitie s , where the environmental effects and means of
mitigation are known but there is potential for cumulative impacts
(e.g. dredging, road realignment, bank stabilization e.t.c).
Cate g o ry A: “sig nificant, adve rse e nviro nm e ntal
im pacts that are se nsitive , dive rse o r unpre ce de nte d”.
“Se nsitive ” im pact: m ay be irre ve rsible o r raise
sig nificant issue s re fle cte d in vario us safe g uard po licie s
re lating to natural habitats (e . g . , le ad to lo ss o f m ajo r
natural habitat), invo luntary re se ttle m e nt, im pacts o n
Indig e no us Pe o ple s o r PhysicalCulturalRe so urce s.
May affe ct an are a bro ade r than site s o r facilitie s
subje ct to physicalwo rks.
Category B: “potential adverse environmental impacts on human
populations or environmentally important areas--including wetlands,
forests, grasslands, and other natural habitats-- are less adverse
than Category A;
Impacts are site-specific, few if any irreversible, mitigation
measures designed more easily than for Category A”
Sco pe o f EAnarro we r and m o re fo cuse d than fo r Cate g o ry A–
m ay o nly be an Enviro nm e ntalManag e m e nt Plan.
Do e s no t include an analysis o f bro ade r alte rnative s.
O fte n use s we llte ste d m itig atio n and m o nito ring m e asure s.
Mo re fo cuse d co nsultatio n pro ce ss.
Screening Procedure Cont’d
A sample of Screening Form
Environmental and social selection form
1 Project implementation location
2 Name, function and information on the person filling this form.
PART A: Brief description of the proposed agricultural project
(i) the proposed project (surface area, land needed, approximate size of total surface to be occupied
(ii) necessary actions during the implementation of activities and the exploitation of the project.
Part B: Brief description of the environmental situation and identification of environmental and social impacts
1 Natural environment
(a) Describing soil formation, topography, the vegetation of the location/adjacent to the agricultural project
(b) Making an assessment and specifying the vegetation thereof
(c) Are there sensitive areas on the environmental plan or threatened species?
2 Ecology of rivers and lakes: Could the ecology of rivers or lakes, due to the delivery and exploitation of the
agricultural activity, be negatively affected?
3 Protected areas
Is the area around project site inside or adjacent to any government protected area (national park, national reserve
world heritage site, etc)?
If the delivery/operating of the school happens outside a protected area (or near it), is this likely to have negative
impact on the ecology of the protected area (example: interference with mammals or birds migration routes)
Environmental and social selection form, Cont’d
4 Geology and soils:
Are there areas with geological or soil instability e.g, landslides, subsidence)?
5 Landscape/aesthetics: Could the project affect the beauty of the local landscape? Yes No
6 Historical, archeological or cultural heritage sites.
Could the project, negatively affect historical, archeological or cultural heritage sites or will this require
archeological dig in a very close area?
7 Compensation and/or land acquisition
Will the acquisition or loss of lands, denial or restriction of access to land or to other economic resources be
imputable to the project concerned?
8 Crop loss, fruit tree, domestic infrastructures:
Will the project lead to the permanent or temporary loss of crops, fruit trees, or domestic infrastructures
9 Noise pollution during project delivery and implementation
Will the noise level during the implementation of the project concerned go beyond the acceptable noise limit?
10 Solid or liquid waste: Will the activity concerned generate solid or liquid wastes? Yes No
If“Yes”, did the project provide for a waste collection or disposal plan? Yes No
11 11. Public consultation
Was the public consultation and participation factored in during the development and implementation of the project?
If “Yes”, give brief description of measures taken in this regard.
Part C: Alleviation measures
For all answers with « Yes », PFEs, in consultation with local technical institutions, in particular those in charge of environment, should provide brief
description of related measures.
Environmental and social selection form,
Part D: Project classification and
Projet Type(A): No environmental work required
Projet Type(B): Simple mitigation measures
Projet Type(C): Environmental Impact Study